Introduction: Portable - Mini Amplifier Speaker

Picture of Portable - Mini Amplifier Speaker
In this instructable, I will show you how to make a simple amplifier speaker with common components, it's not just simple but portable. It uses LM386N IC which is a low voltage audio power amplifier. When the project is finished you will have a working simple circuit that can connect with any device as an input, such as Ipod, MP3 player, even your laptop and PC.

This is the video of my portable amplifier speaker
(change the quality for a better view)



The sound quality of this circuit is pretty good.


OK, lets get started!

Step 1: Parts and Tools

Picture of Parts and Tools

Here is all you will need:
- (1) Small drug case
- (1) Perfboard
- (1) IC LM 386
- (1) 8 Pin DIP IC Socket
- (1) 3.5mm stereo jack female
- (2) 3.5mm stereo jack male
- (1) Potensio 5K
- (1) Potensio 1K
- (2) Potensio Knob (optional)
- (1) Resistor 10 Ohm
- (2) Ceramic Capacitor 0,01uF
- (1) Electrolit Capacitor 100uF
- (1) Electrolit Capacitor 220uF
- (1) Speaker 8 Ohm (0,5 - 0,6 watt)
- (1) 9 V battery
- (1) 9 V battery Clip
- (1) On-off Switch
- Shrink tubing
- Jumper wire
- Rainbow wire (optional)
- Male header extended (optional)
- Blackhousing / female 1x1 header (optional)

Tools:
- Soldering iron
- Solder
- Hot glue
- Mini drill
- Pliers
- Cutter
- Helping hands (if you don't have it, you can build it from my helping hands instructable)

Step 2: Making the Circuit on Breadboard

Picture of Making the Circuit on Breadboard

First, lets put the components on a breadboard so we could see how it worked and how to fit it onto the perfboard. The circuit diagram was made with Fritzing.

The schematic was made with Altium Designer.

Test everything out and make sure that you're circuit is going to work before you start soldering.

Step 3: Move to Perfboard

Picture of Move to Perfboard

Step 1
Cut the perfboard about 2 cm x 7 cm.

Step 2
Create paths of the circuit using markers. (this step just for easier our work, and easier for troubleshooting the circuit)

Step 3
Arrange the component, I usually place all components in before starting to solder. But if you want to do soldering one by one,  you can mark on the perfboard which legs of your component will be placed. Like mine, I create a mark on some place to put a header for potensio, audio socket, and header for power source.

Step 4
Check the components once again before soldering.

Step 4: Complete the Circuit on Perfboard

Picture of Complete the Circuit on Perfboard

Step 1
- Pin 1 : connect to header male for potensio 5K (see image 3 or 4)
- Pin 2 : connect to one lead of ceramic cap 0,01uF, the other lead goes to positive audio socket.
- Pin 3 : connect to pin 4
- Pin 4 : connect to the ground | connect to negative lead of 100uF | connect to the one lead of ceramic cap 0,01uF and the other lead goes to resistor 10 Ohm. (see the protoboard picture)
- Pin 5 : connect to the other lead of 10 Ohm | connect to positive lead of 220uF
- Pin 6 : connect to 9V (positive) | connect to positive lead of 100uF
- Pin 8 : connect to header male for potensio 5K (see image 4)


Step 2
I'm using male header (extended) for potensio, power source, and for audio socket, so it will easy to modify with other value (specially for the potensio). But it's okay if you want to soldering right to the lead of the component.

# For Potensiometer

#POT 1K
* We need 3 header male (extended)
* Put the same size length of the leads for upper and down side.

>> Upper side
- Left : connect to the negative lead of 220uF,
- Center : connect to positive of speaker,
- Right : connect to ground and negative lead of speaker
>> Down side
- Left : connect to the potensio
- Center : connect to the potensio
- Right : connect to the potensio

#POT 5K
* We just need 2 header male (extended)
* Put the header upside down


Step 3
Soldering the components carefully.

Step 5: Adding the Potensio

Picture of Adding the Potensio

#POT 1K

- Soldering the wire to 1st pin, 2nd pin, and 3rd pin.
- Use black housing / header female 1x1 to connecting with the header male on perfboard (later).
- This becomes the Volume Control

#POT 5K

- Join the 2nd & 3rd pin of potensio. (cut the wire somewhat longer, in order to unify the two pins). soldering carefully.
- Soldering the wire to 1st pin.
- Use black housing / header female 1x1 to connecting with the header male on perfboard (later).
- This becomes the GAIN


For the wire I usually use a rainbow wire, because it's thin, flexible, and easy to clip with the black housing.

Step 6: Add Stereo Jack Socket

Picture of Add Stereo Jack Socket

Step 1
- Join B & C pin, solder them together with small jumper wire
- Join A & D pin, solder them together with small jumper wire

Step 2
Soldering a wire between A & D that had been join.

Step 3
Soldering a wire to pin E (this is will be the ground)

Step 7: The Enclosure

Picture of The Enclosure

Step 1
Drawing the pattern on drug case with marker for placing the switch, stereo jack socket, speaker and potensiometer. It's really helps for drilling.

Step 2
Be careful when you drilling the drug case, because it made of plastic. It easy to melt if the drill get hot, but it's okay you can tidy it up by using a small cutter knife.

Step 3
There will be some scratch and some little cracks on the case, you can covering it with the colour paper or paint it.

Step 8: Put the Circuit Into Enclosure

Picture of Put the Circuit Into Enclosure

Attention
We will work with a pretty small box, accuracy of arrangement between the circuits is necessary. Don't forget about the space for the battery, because this is portable, so we need internal power source for our circuit.

Step 1
I started with the easy part, it's a stereo jack socket. Drill the case carefully.

Step 2
Measuring the range between stereo jack socket and potensio with precisely, because it will be a problem if they stick too close. And also give the distance between two potensio for sure.

Step 3
Attach the switch and the speaker to the place that we drill before.

Step 4
After we attach the switch to the place, solder the first lead of switch with a wire (include the black housing) (see image 3)

Step 5
Solder the second lead of the switch with a positive wire from battery clip.

Step 9: Putting All Together

Picture of Putting All Together

I put the battery on the bottom. Then the circuit on the top of it. But you can rearrange between the circuits, for the efficiency. I attach perfboard and the battery with 'Foam Double Sided Tape' instead of using hot glue, just in case I want to modify the circuit later. But if you want to make the circuit steady and permanent I recommend for using some hot glue.

Step 10: Modify As You Want !!

Picture of Modify As You Want !!

This is small, portable, but also have a limited ability to working. But it is not an obstacle to create something better. This circuit is easy to modified as it's so simple, and there are some ways to modify the instrument :

1. You can replace a battery with an external power source

2. You can change a potensio meter values to get different volume range.

3. You can add LED if you want. The led should turn on when the device is powered and the other function is LED will stop you forgetting to turn off the instrument. But don't forget to add a resistor.

4. You can add a 220 uF variable capacitor instead of simple 220 uF capacitor to change the bass

5. And then let your creativity flow!!

Don't forget to give me a feed back or advice because I'm just a beginner.


Have fun :D


Greetings from Indonesia!!

Comments

ShamasA (author)2017-08-05

Asalamualakum wow Amplifir
was super nize sound

1pjdjdhruv (author)2017-01-15

Can anyone please help me. I have two only speaker. And i want sound from it how can i get sound from it?

ND0859 (author)2017-01-13

i have make an amplifier for below speakers, which components are required for this?

i have Total 5 speakers

two speaker(8 ohms 30 W) ,two speaker(4 ohms 3 W) & one speaker(15 ohms 3 W)

auto13142828 (author)2016-10-26

I have a shielded 3" speaker which says 4 OHV on the back. Will this work?

afiqr6 (author)2016-08-23

assalamualaikum... sir.. i want to know.. that project can i add a bluetooth... mr. faziefazie please reply fast.. tq

ShahoodJ (author)2016-07-24

Sir can i use 12v charger intead of a 9v battery.

ShahoodJ (author)2016-07-18

Assalam-0-Alaikum..!
Mr. faziefazie can u please tell me can i use potentionmeter 10k and 50k instead of 1k and 5k reply fast.!
Thank U.

faziefazie (author)ShahoodJ2016-07-22

waalaikum salam, brother.

sorry I couldn't check this web very often, so I can't reply you asap.

10k and 50k is too big, but you can try it. as long as the sounds still okay and you can hear it clearly then its okay. you can experiment with it.

ShahoodJ (author)faziefazie2016-07-23

Thank u very much for your kind reply Salam.!

illuminatid1 (author)2016-05-26

How much does it cost to make it. plz answer asap.

faziefazie (author)illuminatid12016-07-22

sorry I have a busy life, I couldn't check this web very often. in my country the part is very cheap so it only cost me for about $5 for all components.

MoisesB12 (author)2016-05-11

Do you have the circuit diagram ?

faziefazie (author)MoisesB122016-07-22

I already share the circuit diagram on step 2

NivedhY made it! (author)2016-05-05

its really great but its bass is so loud!!!

can v use any upper surface for it to reduce bass? if yes!! what should be used????

pruthvi-in-instructs (author)2016-03-21

Can I use a 8ohm 2W speaker

pruthvi-in-instructs (author)2016-03-21

Good explaination !!!!!!!!!

makeosaurus (author)2016-01-23

Could you use it with the raspberry pi??

OwenW7 (author)2016-01-13

hi I was wondering if you could help me:

you know the potensio 5k and 1k is it log or lin and can you tell me the wattage of them

SagarB26 (author)2015-10-09

Hiii friend i have some problem in making the amplifier. Actually i had made it as per ur instruction but its not working .after i had the datasheet of the ic that u had said but they are not matching ..so plz can u help me out of this .i dont know what to do. Reply as soon as possible...thankyou..

faziefazie (author)SagarB262015-11-13

hello, sorry for my very late reply. I've been busy and hiatus from this web, so I rarely check the comments or messages.

May I know which component that not matching with the IC? can you listed your component to me?

SagarB26 (author)faziefazie2015-12-05

Actually the problem is with the ic . because when I had make the connection as per your instruction , it has not work. So I had checked the data sheet of the ic that u had said, but the connections where different . so I was confuse which is correct and which is wrong.

faziefazie (author)SagarB262015-12-16

are you sure using IC LM 386?

because there are some people that try using my circuit and working.

or if you want to compare the circuit, you can try this instructables :

https://www.instructables.com/id/Know-Your-IC-LM386...

I hope it's useful for you.

regards.

SagarB26 (author)faziefazie2015-12-22

ya I have also seen the circuit diagram from the link that u had given.so the ckt dia iin the link the 2nd pin is negative and the ckt dia that u had given in that the 2nd pin in positive .that's why I was cconfuse..okk

SagarB26 (author)SagarB262015-12-24

atlast I had compled my project.thanks for ur instruction..

faziefazie (author)SagarB262015-12-26

That's really great if you completed it, and I'm sorry if I'm not helping much.

but can't wait to hear your other great project in the future :)

SagarB26 (author)faziefazie2015-12-26

thankyou for ur help. But I have a small problem . the prob is that the sound is getting amplified but when I increase after some extend by the potiometer the sound starts buffering. So can u help me out of this....

arpitsharma99 (author)2015-12-12

can u plzz tell me the exact specifications of capaciter's volt and all

capacitor voltage is double to that of the power supply.......it is always like that...

Here the power supply is 9V,so the cap voltage should be 16v.The size of the cap increases if we select the 22volt or 50volt......

hope it helps ;)

thank you so much for the information :)

faziefazie (author)arpitsharma992015-12-16

hello, sorry for my late reply, I've been busy with work and usually inactive in this web.

Here's the answer from your question,

*For Capacitor
Electrolit 220 uF, 25V
Electrolit 100 uF, 10V
ceramic 0,01 uF, 50v

especially for ceramic capacitor I guess there's no various voltage.
Just make sure you get '103' code in your ceramic capacitor then you get the right thing.

*For Resistor
10 ohm, 1/4 watt

Best Regards.

arpitsharma99 (author)2015-12-08

Can i use 4ohm and 3watt speaker

faziefazie (author)arpitsharma992015-12-16

Hi, sorry for my late reply.

I never try with 4ohm, but here's a good article about speaker impedance:

http://www.prestonelectronics.com/audio/Impedance....

Regards.

Roma RicoF (author)2015-11-24

hey bro, how can i make multiple output with this without compromising the sound? Im planning to add another 3.5 mm output for my headphone

faziefazie (author)Roma RicoF2015-11-30

hello, sorry for very late reply.

If you want to add another 3,5 mm as output you can refer to this instructables,

https://www.instructables.com/id/Pocket-Stereo-Ampl...

regards.

Roma RicoF (author)faziefazie2015-12-05

thanks bro.

kavish laxkar (author)2015-11-21

hi great intbl.:)
can i use different value of capacitor,resistorand potentiometer.? plz help.??

Mrt5 made it! (author)2015-11-12

Great fun. was my first real project.

faziefazie (author)Mrt52015-11-13

Wow, that's awesome. Keep up the good work! :)

gerry.serafica.1 (author)2015-11-10

what is the volt value of the ceramic and electronic capacitor ant other component?
need help please...

ShubhamJ14 (author)2015-09-02

Made it and it worked...What should we do if we want to connect 2 speakers?? Should i coneect the 2nd speaker parallel to the 1st one??

Exzerox (author)ShubhamJ142015-09-18

You need another audio ic. I have seen this same ic used in other instructables and for a 2 speaker set up just build 2 of that sort of set up and just solder the left wire wire to one and the right to the other just be sure that the ground goes to each as well

Ken wei (author)2015-09-07

does 9ohm resister also work for the same circuit as well?

gerry.serafica.1 (author)2015-07-28

it is ok if i use a MIC as a input device?

gerry.serafica.1 (author)2015-07-13

hi how about if i put it in outlet,220volt? what should i do? without using adapter.,.,

waqarqadir (author)2015-07-10

i ask u some thing that - Pin 6 : connect to 9V (positive) | connect to positive lead of 100uF | what dose it mean reply me plz

waqarqadir (author)waqarqadir2015-07-10

i must made this amplifire thank u and reply me plz

pranshu12 (author)2015-06-21

can i put 2 8ohm speaker in this circuit will audio level come down

Rits1234 (author)2015-06-18

can you say how to do on PCB Board

EL MONSTRO (author)2015-06-06

Hey there
Greetings from India ;-)


Actually I wanted to have some changes done
I was wondering if I could use 5v instead of 9v in the same circuit!?.

Also
Does the same circuit work for 4ohms 3watt speaker??

Thanks in advance. :)

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