loading

This is my first working practical wind turbine. I really love green projects and renewable energy stuff. Last year I 've made a small modification on an old PC fan to convert it into a small wind turbine. It had enough output power to light an LED. It was a huge project for me at that time because I 've always wanted so much to get even little power from wind.

The huge number of people on instructables who successfully built different sizes and shapes of practically working wind turbines has motivated me to build my own next level wind turbine to have higher scale of power output.

That 's where TurbineOne came from.

TurbineOne is my first practical power generating wind turbine.

I named it TurbineOne because I intend to build many other turbines.

I 'll explain how I built it in the next steps.

I know, when it comes to technical appeal ,engineering calculations or technology practices TurbineOne is not very awesome.

Believe me, I'm not so handy when it comes to mechanics and using power tools.

Please make good comments and productive criticism.

Thank you for spending time reading my instructable.

You can read this article in Arabic Language From Here :

يمكنك قراءة هذه المقالة باللغة العربية من هنا

http://arabic-embedded-egypt.blogspot.com.eg/2016/02/turbineone.html

يمكنك قراءة هذه المقالة باللغة الإنجليزية من هنا

You can read this post in English from here :

http://embedded-egypt.blogspot.com/2016/02/turbineone-basic-wind-turbine-that.html

Step 1: Generator

This is the most important piece of equipment for your wind turbine.

Actually, it was the first thing I started to look for when I decided to build my own wind turbine.

I thought to buy a DC motor from any hardware store who sells this kind of motors as a spare part for any appliance and I thought to get them from eBay

( e.g dishwasher , blender ... etc ) .

If you couldn't find an old motor, you still have the option to buy a new one.

Amazon US, Amazon CA, Amazon UK, Amazon DE, Amazon FR or eBay

Then I found an old blender motor that has a permanent magnet inside it.

The motor generates electricity when it is turned by hand.

I measured the output and found to be nearly 14 Volts on the Voltmeter.

If you don't have an old motor to use as a generator you can buy a new one from Amazon Here or from eBay Here.

I bought it from Amazon for another project and used it as a generator and it worked perfect.

Step 2: Material

This wind turbine is 100% recycled. I got all parts from scrap and used stuff.

It took me a long time to collect some of the materials used for building it, but you can just buy them or be lucky to find them easier than I did.

PVC pipe --------- > I found an old PVC pipe of suitable length to be used as turbine blades.

Amazon US, Amazon CA, Amazon UK, Amazon DE, Amazon FR or eBay

5 CD roms ------- > I used old CD Roms and DVD as wind turbine hub.
I found out that CDs is thicker than DVDs.

Fax paper plastic roll ----- > used as a coupler between CD roms and motor shaft.


Some screws.

Some wires.

Old metallic rod used as a tower

Plastic tie raps

Amazon US, Amazon CA, Amazon UK, Amazon DE, Amazon FR or eBay

I added this instructable to the Leftovers contest because it is made of 100 % up-cycled and old leftover stuff.

If you like it , please vote for me.

Step 3: Tools

This project is made using fairly power tools. Please be careful when using these stuff.

- Saw

Amazon US, Amazon CA, Amazon UK, Amazon DE, Amazon FR or eBay


- Screw Driver

Amazon US, Amazon CA, Amazon UK, Amazon DE, Amazon FR or eBay


- Sand paper

Amazon US, Amazon CA, Amazon UK, Amazon DE, Amazon FR or eBay

- Pliers

Amazon US, Amazon CA, Amazon UK, Amazon DE, Amazon FR or eBay

Step 4: Hub Assembly

I started by the turbine hub.

Cut the plastic fax tube to 5 cm long .

I put the plastic tube around the motor rotating shaft .

Use the sand paper in cdrom center to make the plastic tube fit into it.

Put CDroms and DVDs around the plastic pipe and motor shaft.

Step 5: Blades Assembly

I wanted to cut the turbine blades into the usual turbine blades shape.

I really liked the idea of using PVC pipe as a fan blade. I got this idea from the internet.

But when I got the old PVC pipe I stated by drawing the fan blade on a template to draw it on the PVC pipe.

Then I couldn't get the tools to cut pipe in the fine shape of the fan blade.

So I've chosen to make the easy way and cut the PVC pipe into straight three equal pieces using hot soldering iron.

But how are these pieces going to generate rotational motion from the wind.

I decided to install each blade on the hub so it becomes nearly perpendicular to the hub and the round shape of the pipe does the rest.

Step 6: Turbine Assembly

I installed the hub around the motor and secured them together using the fax paper plastic tube.

Then I cut the extra piece of plastic from the small plastic tube.


I drilled the metallic tube to install screws to fix the two tubes together.

I installed the turbine with its pole on the roof of my apartment.

It really rotates when the wind is fairly blowing.

TO DO :

I 'll make a battery charging circuit and connect a sealed Lead-Acid battery to make a steady supply power source.

The ready made wind turbine kit will always be a good option for me.

Thank you for reading my instructable.


You can also find my book Learn By Making on Amazon website.

If you like this instructable you can support us by many ways:
--------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Leave comments stating your point of view about this article.

2. Buy our book on Amazon Learn By Making.

3. Click on links of our sponsors without adding any extra cost on you if you make purchase from them. Actually, many of these offers are totally free. This means that you can enjoy something for free and still support our blog to keep posting useful stuff.

Amazon.com - Read eBooks using the FREE Kindle Reading App on Most Devices

This is the well-know Amazon Kindle platform. If you sign up for the free reader from Amazon to read any book, we get commission. There are many useful book for free on Amazon Kindle. Even you can find best sellers offered for free on Kindle format. The best part is you can have the application on any platform. You can even read any book without installing any application by using Amazon Cloud-Reader on your browser.

Join Amazon Kindle Unlimited 30-Day Free Trial

You can join Amazon Kindle for 30 days free to have access to many paid book for free. You can cancel you subscription anytime.

Try Amazon Prime 30-Day Free Trial

The Amazon Prime is a special paid service from Amazon that offers good promotions and one-day free shipment for Amazon Shoppers. You can try this service for 30 days. You can cancel you subscription anytime.

Shop Amazon - Give the Gift of Amazon Prime

Try Audible and Get Two Free Audiobooks

Audible is the audio books website from Amazon. Many Kindle books are sold on Audible. You can try this service for free and get 2 free book. You can cancel you subscription anytime.

Shop Amazon - Create an Amazon Baby Registry

If you have a new baby borne or expecting one, you can create your free baby registry to easily save products and get offers and promotions on baby requirements.

4. Visit our new website outatime.tech.

Thank you for visiting our instructable.

it is so easy to make.thank you
vert nice. but how you connect the power to home appliances. is there any charge controller, battery backup and inverter you used?
<p>Simply amazing You are cordially invited to check my indestructible as well</p>
<p>Very nice, good job. Thanks for the share. Semper Fi</p>
You are welcome. Thanks.
<p>This would be a perfect power source for a tree house ;)</p>
<p>Interesting project. Makes me want to try to built one also :)<br>How are the DVDs/CDs holding ? To me it seams to be the weak part of the assembly since they are (as far as I can remember) pretty fragile. I might use a round piece of wood instead. In Canada the winter cold might make them even more &quot;breakable&quot;.</p>
<p>The inside of a cd rom has a couple metal plates the sizes of a dvd that may work for you.</p>
<p>You're right. That would be a nice substitution.</p>
<p>The F-22's cockpit made of polycarbonate - the same material CDs are made of. Therefore, I'd expect it to hold up pretty well in cold weather - it's quite cool at the altitudes the F-22 flies.</p><p>It's UV radiation that gets to it, eventually, causing it to become brittle, so you might want to coat the CDs with some protective paint.</p>
<p>You are right sir. It's true CDs can stand the cold pretty well. I always have a few of them in my car and in winter they won't break by themselves, even at -30&deg;C. <br><br>What worries me is more the combination of the cold, the material weakened by the peripheral holes drilled in the CDs and finally the stress caused by the blades pulling on those holes when the wind turbine is turning at high speed. The stress will be even worse if the turbine is not perfectly balanced.<br><br>It's worth a try I suppose. For the sake of science :)<br><br></p>
<p>The inside of a cd rom has a couple metal plates the sizes of a dvd that may work for you.</p>
<p>The inside of a cd rom has a couple metal plates the sizes of a dvd that may work for you.</p>
<p>You are right. They are not so much strong. But I used bolts to hold all five CDs together with the PVC pipe.</p>
The CD's may be too fragile, especially in cold weather, but they do give the system a failure point. If the tower is constructed to solidly, it would blow over and possible break the hard to find motor. With the CD's, only the props and rotor are destroyed in high winds (and anything they land on). <br><br>Nice project. I look forward to further designs.
Fun ible! Really good point about &quot;failure point&quot; as a stop-gap measure. It can apply to any project. It's fun to dive in &amp; I'm the worst at wanting to finish in one sitting or weekend. But it's good to stop, stare, &amp; ponder at where any project will be (rain, snow, cold, heat), what might hit it (gusts, limbs, bballs, kids, animals), what's the weakest link and can I repair/modify it without complete disassembly?
<p>An interesting motor is the motor from a microwave turntable. Not all of them are the same, but some of them are rated at 6-8 rpm. If you give it a good crank, it can put out like 400 volts. Not sure if that could be useful, or if you can use some gears to get the ratio down.</p>
انت عندك قزازة طحالب لية يا برنجى
<p>Is there anyway to use an AC motor. I have about 20 of them that are going to the recycle-er. </p>
<p>You can use an AC motor, but to charge batteries etc you would need to convert the output to DC - it's doable though :-)</p>
<p>how can you generate electricity using an ac motor that has no permanent magnet?</p>
<p>On virtually all A.C motors it is impossible to use them as generators as they don't have any permanent magnets (they induce a field it the rotor - on brushless ones) only AC Synchronous motors would work and they are quite rare.</p>
<p>I'm not an<br>expert but I believe you need a full wave bridge rectifier to convert AC to DC. Here is a pretty good explanation at the following web site. http://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/diode/diode_6.html </p>
<p>either use 4 diodes and a capacitor or bridge rec <br>but first i would be checking the gearing ratios of them because or you will need to add your own drive train to produce a useable amount</p>
<p>I believe it is possible to rectify the AC motor output using a bridge rectifier to produce the DC volts that you need. You can google 'how to use a bridge diode&quot; and then give it a try to see if it works. Try this link: </p><p><em><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1pwBmGy9sz0" rel="nofollow">https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1pwBmGy9sz0</a> </em></p>
<p>I've found that Treadmill motors work good. Most all of them are permanent magnets and can put out up to about 24 volts</p>
<p>You must use a motor with permanent magnets in it.</p><p>I have seen older AC/DC motors in the 1 HP size range.</p><p>Start looking for one now.</p>
There are many guys out there who modify AC motors to work as generators.You may also want to measure output from you motors when you rotate them. They may be AC motors but they have magnit inside and can generate output voltage as the one I used here.
<p>If you've got a dead hard disk or 2 arround, dismantle them and use the platters from that instead of CD's, much stronger (my 20 month old hasnt been able to brake one, but she destroyed the CD I gave her) </p>
<p>Good idea!</p>
<p>Good idea. Will try it ASAP. Thank you</p>
<p>Bearings in most small motors are pretty lite, likely not last long under the load of the turbine. Need to add a thrust bearing, or a jack shaft to take the load off. With a jack shaft you could also gear the motor up for higher rpm. </p>
الله ينور يا باشمهندس<br>و كنت بسأل حضرتك هو ينفع نضيف دفة خلفية علشان تفضل موجة في اتجاه الريح <br>
<p>طبعا يا باشا . أنا فعلاً كنت ناوى أجهزها بالجهاز ده . وشكراً على المرور والكومنت</p>
<p>Have you done any testing. Any values for mA output at certain wind-speed? I have built a similar one but bigger using a Fisher &amp; Pykel washing machine motor. I found it difficult to extract much power from the wind. Bob, vk2byf</p>
<p>Same. I could get a tiny amount with my hands but the wind creates an even smaller amount. I tested it in a 16km/h wind.</p>
<p>There are some things you need to consider:</p><p>You blithely state that, when the motor turns you get 14V, but this is meaningless. The output voltage will depend on wind-speed. You need to measure wind-speed 24/7 for some time to get an idea of your likely output. Only then can you reasonably design the electronics.</p><p>Turbines like this desperately need a fail-safe. If the wind becomes very high and prolonged, the blades become as lethal as an aeroplane prop and you need a way of stopping them. One way is to shunt the motor, but it's probably necessary to have a mechanical way of collapsing the whole thing.</p>
<p>Using small rare earth magnets you can buy for peanuts off amazon or ebay or aliexpress, you can build the generator yourself too. Chances are you'll get more electricity from the same wind.</p>
<p>IMHO horizontal windmills need to go way to high to make them practical for the homeowner. Better to design and build a vertical unit. The can be mounted virtually anywhere there is a breeze, they usually don't mind wind turbulence, and being low to the ground are exceedingly easy to maintain. </p>
Thanks. I am really working on a vertical one
<p>Certainly I am appreciating this project, as I have tried the same all most 25 years back . As I am staying din India and at Pune, that is in tropical zone with a problem that in this area the wind speeds are very low that is light air to light breeze almost 75 to 80% of the year and hence this is not useful in the range areas of Cancer and Capricorn.on all over the earth. In the recent past few amateurs from Cameroon and Gabon asked me for the guidance and at that time I have given the above explanation too. In the said condition only way is to design maximum number of permanent magnets say closed to 40 to 50 nos. and in the rotor similar +/- 2 stator coils at the centre just like ceiling fan. I have a plan to try out the same but at present I ambusy in Solar Heat Project for direct cooling by Ammonia Absorption system of 2TR and simultaneously screw-expansion machine generator of 1 KW.3 or 1 Phase. Well come to contact me, I ( Ramesh S. Bhide ), am 71 years young Consulting Engineer [ Reverse Engineering since 1979 ] &amp; Geophysicist. - - rameshbhides@gmail.com </p>
<p>Thank you for the information</p>
<p>Great job on your Instructable, plus good pics.</p><p>Thanks for the VERY Useful Info</p>
<p>Finally something anyone can try to make power with, without a long list of specialist tools lol! Great job :-)</p>
Thanks. That is what I really had in mind when I made this project. I wanted to build a wind turbine but I thought it needed many stuff and high skills. So I made something simple enough for any one to make.
<p>Very good job. I think the dynamo should be installed vertically to save against rains and weathering effects and accordingly the fins will also move horizontally and there will be no thrust on pole.</p>
<p>Nice project. Have you considered adding more weight to the hub to give it bit more inertia? Also, have you considered driving the motor through a gearbox instead of driving it directly? These are the changes I am going to apply when making my own. Will upload if I see any success.</p>
Untesred but &quot;efficient&quot;?
For an experiment i think this is awesome
Thank you.

About This Instructable

86,286views

709favorites

License:

Bio: Embedded Systems Engineer. Love to travel , run , design useful stuff and grow green plants. I joined instructables.com on 2008 and my first instructable was ... More »
More by ahmedebeed555:5 Minutes Solar Mobile Phone Charger Easy DIY Parachute Toy for Kids 5 Minutes Simple Wind Turbine for Everybody 
Add instructable to: