Introduction: TurbineOne - Basic Wind Turbine That Anyone Can Make

This is my first working practical wind turbine. I really love green projects and renewable energy stuff. Last year I 've made a small modification on an old PC fan to convert it into a small wind turbine. It had enough output power to light an LED. It was a huge project for me at that time because I 've always wanted so much to get even little power from wind.



The huge number of people on instructables who successfully built different sizes and shapes of practically working wind turbines has motivated me to build my own next level wind turbine to have higher scale of power output.

That 's where TurbineOne came from.

TurbineOne is my first practical power generating wind turbine DE.

I named it TurbineOne because I intend to build many other turbines.

I 'll explain how I built it in the next steps.

I know, when it comes to technical appeal ,engineering calculations or technology practices TurbineOne is not very awesome.

Believe me, I'm not so handy when it comes to mechanics and using power tools.

Please make good comments and productive criticism.

Wish you the best. And have fun ,Live free And Read Books on Amazon




Thank you for spending time reading my instructable.

You can read this article in Arabic Language From Here :

يمكنك قراءة هذه المقالة باللغة العربية من هنا

http://arabic-embedded-egypt.blogspot.com.eg/2016/02/turbineone.html

يمكنك قراءة هذه المقالة باللغة الإنجليزية من هنا

You can read this post in English from here :

http://embedded-egypt.blogspot.com/2016/02/turbineone-basic-wind-turbine-that.html

Step 1: Generator

This is the most important piece of equipment for your wind turbine DE.

Actually, it was the first thing I started to look for when I decided to build my own wind turbine.

I thought to buy a DC motor from any hardware store who sells this kind of motors as a spare part for any appliance and I thought to get them from eBay

( e.g dishwasher , blender ... etc ) .

If you couldn't find an old motor, you still have the option to buy a new one.

Amazon US , Amazon DE , Amazon FR, Amazon UK , Amazon CA , Amazon ES , Amazon IT , eBay , Banggood , FlipKart India , Lazada, aliexpress


Then I found an old blender motor that has a permanent magnet inside it.

The motor generates electricity when it is turned by hand.

I measured the output and found to be nearly 14 Volts on the Voltmeter.

If you don't have an old motor to use as a generator you can buy a new one from Amazon Here or from eBay Here.

I bought it from Amazon for another project and used it as a generator and it worked perfect.

Step 2: Material

This wind turbine is 100% recycled. I got all parts from scrap and used stuff.

It took me a long time to collect some of the materials used for building it, but you can just buy them or be lucky to find them easier than I did.

PVC pipe --------- > I found an old PVC pipe of suitable length to be used as turbine blades.

Amazon US, Amazon CA, Amazon UK, Amazon DE, Amazon FR, Amazon ES, Amazon IT, or eBay

5 CD roms ------- > I used old CD Roms and DVD as wind turbine hub.
I found out that CDs is thicker than DVDs.

Fax paper plastic roll ----- > used as a coupler between CD roms and motor shaft.


Some screws.

Some wires.

Old metallic rod used as a tower

Plastic tie raps

Amazon US, Amazon CA, Amazon UK, Amazon DE, Amazon FR, Amazon ES, Amazon IT, Banggood or eBay , Aliexpress

I added this instructable to the Leftovers contest because it is made of 100 % up-cycled and old leftover stuff.

If you like it , please vote for me.

Step 3: Tools

Step 4: Hub Assembly

I started by the turbine hub.

Cut the plastic fax tube to 5 cm long .

I put the plastic tube around the motor rotating shaft .

Use the sand paper in cdrom center to make the plastic tube fit into it.

Put CDroms and DVDs around the plastic pipe and motor shaft.

Step 5: Blades Assembly

I wanted to cut the turbine blades into the usual turbine blades shape.

I really liked the idea of using PVC pipe as a fan blade. I got this idea from the internet.

But when I got the old PVC pipe I stated by drawing the fan blade on a template to draw it on the PVC pipe.

Then I couldn't get the tools to cut pipe in the fine shape of the fan blade.

So I've chosen to make the easy way and cut the PVC pipe into straight three equal pieces using hot soldering iron.

But how are these pieces going to generate rotational motion from the wind.

I decided to install each blade on the hub so it becomes nearly perpendicular to the hub and the round shape of the pipe does the rest.

Step 6: Turbine Assembly

I installed the hub around the motor and secured them together using the fax paper plastic tube.

Then I cut the extra piece of plastic from the small plastic tube.


I drilled the metallic tube to install screws to fix the two tubes together.

I installed the turbine with its pole on the roof of my apartment.

It really rotates when the wind is fairly blowing.

TO DO :

I 'll make a battery charging circuit and connect a sealed Lead-Acid battery to make a steady supply power source.

The ready made wind turbine kit will always be a good option for me. Banggood

Thank you for reading my instructable.

Wish you the best. And have fun ,Live free And Read Books on Amazon

You can also find my book Learn By Making on Amazon website.

If you like this instructable you can support us by many ways:
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Comments

author
rahul ganesh (author)2016-10-12

it is so easy to make.thank you

author
TUSHARKHANVILKAR (author)2016-08-13

vert nice. but how you connect the power to home appliances. is there any charge controller, battery backup and inverter you used?

author
craftvideos (author)2016-07-23

Simply amazing You are cordially invited to check my indestructible as well

author
deswiger (author)2016-05-14

Very nice, good job. Thanks for the share. Semper Fi

author
ahmedebeed555 (author)deswiger2016-05-15

You are welcome. Thanks.

author
CraftAndu (author)2016-01-19

This would be a perfect power source for a tree house ;)

author
MusicalBox (author)2016-01-01

Interesting project. Makes me want to try to built one also :)
How are the DVDs/CDs holding ? To me it seams to be the weak part of the assembly since they are (as far as I can remember) pretty fragile. I might use a round piece of wood instead. In Canada the winter cold might make them even more "breakable".

author
TomT41 (author)MusicalBox2016-01-05

The inside of a cd rom has a couple metal plates the sizes of a dvd that may work for you.

author
MusicalBox (author)TomT412016-01-17

You're right. That would be a nice substitution.

author
FlorinJ (author)MusicalBox2016-01-06

The F-22's cockpit made of polycarbonate - the same material CDs are made of. Therefore, I'd expect it to hold up pretty well in cold weather - it's quite cool at the altitudes the F-22 flies.

It's UV radiation that gets to it, eventually, causing it to become brittle, so you might want to coat the CDs with some protective paint.

author
MusicalBox (author)FlorinJ2016-01-17

You are right sir. It's true CDs can stand the cold pretty well. I always have a few of them in my car and in winter they won't break by themselves, even at -30°C.

What worries me is more the combination of the cold, the material weakened by the peripheral holes drilled in the CDs and finally the stress caused by the blades pulling on those holes when the wind turbine is turning at high speed. The stress will be even worse if the turbine is not perfectly balanced.

It's worth a try I suppose. For the sake of science :)

author
TomT41 (author)MusicalBox2016-01-05

The inside of a cd rom has a couple metal plates the sizes of a dvd that may work for you.

author
TomT41 (author)MusicalBox2016-01-05

The inside of a cd rom has a couple metal plates the sizes of a dvd that may work for you.

author
ahmedebeed555 (author)MusicalBox2016-01-01

You are right. They are not so much strong. But I used bolts to hold all five CDs together with the PVC pipe.

author
kcender (author)ahmedebeed5552016-01-02

The CD's may be too fragile, especially in cold weather, but they do give the system a failure point. If the tower is constructed to solidly, it would blow over and possible break the hard to find motor. With the CD's, only the props and rotor are destroyed in high winds (and anything they land on).

Nice project. I look forward to further designs.

author
rslightom (author)kcender2016-01-05

Fun ible! Really good point about "failure point" as a stop-gap measure. It can apply to any project. It's fun to dive in & I'm the worst at wanting to finish in one sitting or weekend. But it's good to stop, stare, & ponder at where any project will be (rain, snow, cold, heat), what might hit it (gusts, limbs, bballs, kids, animals), what's the weakest link and can I repair/modify it without complete disassembly?

author
mattcintosh (author)2016-01-15

An interesting motor is the motor from a microwave turntable. Not all of them are the same, but some of them are rated at 6-8 rpm. If you give it a good crank, it can put out like 400 volts. Not sure if that could be useful, or if you can use some gears to get the ratio down.

author
anax22 (author)2016-01-15

انت عندك قزازة طحالب لية يا برنجى

author
canoerick (author)2016-01-05

Is there anyway to use an AC motor. I have about 20 of them that are going to the recycle-er.

author
Windy Miller (author)canoerick2016-01-05

You can use an AC motor, but to charge batteries etc you would need to convert the output to DC - it's doable though :-)

author
ChaS2 (author)Windy Miller2016-01-14

how can you generate electricity using an ac motor that has no permanent magnet?

author
andrew55 (author)Windy Miller2016-01-12

On virtually all A.C motors it is impossible to use them as generators as they don't have any permanent magnets (they induce a field it the rotor - on brushless ones) only AC Synchronous motors would work and they are quite rare.

author
rmarks3 (author)Windy Miller2016-01-05

I'm not an
expert but I believe you need a full wave bridge rectifier to convert AC to DC. Here is a pretty good explanation at the following web site. http://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/diode/diode_6.html

author
LukeM48 (author)canoerick2016-01-08

either use 4 diodes and a capacitor or bridge rec
but first i would be checking the gearing ratios of them because or you will need to add your own drive train to produce a useable amount

author
TomHoag (author)canoerick2016-01-05

I believe it is possible to rectify the AC motor output using a bridge rectifier to produce the DC volts that you need. You can google 'how to use a bridge diode" and then give it a try to see if it works. Try this link:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1pwBmGy9sz0

author
TBerryJack (author)canoerick2016-01-05

I've found that Treadmill motors work good. Most all of them are permanent magnets and can put out up to about 24 volts

author
rustaholic (author)canoerick2016-01-05

You must use a motor with permanent magnets in it.

I have seen older AC/DC motors in the 1 HP size range.

Start looking for one now.

author
ahmedebeed555 (author)canoerick2016-01-05

There are many guys out there who modify AC motors to work as generators.You may also want to measure output from you motors when you rotate them. They may be AC motors but they have magnit inside and can generate output voltage as the one I used here.

author
dan3008 (author)2016-01-03

If you've got a dead hard disk or 2 arround, dismantle them and use the platters from that instead of CD's, much stronger (my 20 month old hasnt been able to brake one, but she destroyed the CD I gave her)

author
kubulai (author)dan30082016-01-14

Good idea!

author
ahmedebeed555 (author)dan30082016-01-03

Good idea. Will try it ASAP. Thank you

author
seldomsmith (author)2016-01-10

Bearings in most small motors are pretty lite, likely not last long under the load of the turbine. Need to add a thrust bearing, or a jack shaft to take the load off. With a jack shaft you could also gear the motor up for higher rpm.

author
MenaM (author)2016-01-07

الله ينور يا باشمهندس
و كنت بسأل حضرتك هو ينفع نضيف دفة خلفية علشان تفضل موجة في اتجاه الريح

author
ahmedebeed555 (author)MenaM2016-01-07

طبعا يا باشا . أنا فعلاً كنت ناوى أجهزها بالجهاز ده . وشكراً على المرور والكومنت

author
vk2byf (author)2016-01-02

Have you done any testing. Any values for mA output at certain wind-speed? I have built a similar one but bigger using a Fisher & Pykel washing machine motor. I found it difficult to extract much power from the wind. Bob, vk2byf

author
PumpkinSmasher (author)vk2byf2016-01-06

Same. I could get a tiny amount with my hands but the wind creates an even smaller amount. I tested it in a 16km/h wind.

author
clothier_bruce (author)2016-01-06

There are some things you need to consider:

You blithely state that, when the motor turns you get 14V, but this is meaningless. The output voltage will depend on wind-speed. You need to measure wind-speed 24/7 for some time to get an idea of your likely output. Only then can you reasonably design the electronics.

Turbines like this desperately need a fail-safe. If the wind becomes very high and prolonged, the blades become as lethal as an aeroplane prop and you need a way of stopping them. One way is to shunt the motor, but it's probably necessary to have a mechanical way of collapsing the whole thing.

author
FlorinJ (author)2016-01-06

Using small rare earth magnets you can buy for peanuts off amazon or ebay or aliexpress, you can build the generator yourself too. Chances are you'll get more electricity from the same wind.

author
Benchkey (author)2016-01-05

IMHO horizontal windmills need to go way to high to make them practical for the homeowner. Better to design and build a vertical unit. The can be mounted virtually anywhere there is a breeze, they usually don't mind wind turbulence, and being low to the ground are exceedingly easy to maintain.

author
ahmedebeed555 (author)Benchkey2016-01-05

Thanks. I am really working on a vertical one

author
Ramesh Bhide (author)2016-01-05

Certainly I am appreciating this project, as I have tried the same all most 25 years back . As I am staying din India and at Pune, that is in tropical zone with a problem that in this area the wind speeds are very low that is light air to light breeze almost 75 to 80% of the year and hence this is not useful in the range areas of Cancer and Capricorn.on all over the earth. In the recent past few amateurs from Cameroon and Gabon asked me for the guidance and at that time I have given the above explanation too. In the said condition only way is to design maximum number of permanent magnets say closed to 40 to 50 nos. and in the rotor similar +/- 2 stator coils at the centre just like ceiling fan. I have a plan to try out the same but at present I ambusy in Solar Heat Project for direct cooling by Ammonia Absorption system of 2TR and simultaneously screw-expansion machine generator of 1 KW.3 or 1 Phase. Well come to contact me, I ( Ramesh S. Bhide ), am 71 years young Consulting Engineer [ Reverse Engineering since 1979 ] & Geophysicist. - - rameshbhides@gmail.com

author
Toyboy321456 (author)2016-01-05

Thank you for the information

author
TBerryJack (author)2016-01-05

Great job on your Instructable, plus good pics.

Thanks for the VERY Useful Info

author
Windy Miller (author)2016-01-05

Finally something anyone can try to make power with, without a long list of specialist tools lol! Great job :-)

author

Thanks. That is what I really had in mind when I made this project. I wanted to build a wind turbine but I thought it needed many stuff and high skills. So I made something simple enough for any one to make.

author
SUHAIL AKHTER (author)2016-01-04

Very good job. I think the dynamo should be installed vertically to save against rains and weathering effects and accordingly the fins will also move horizontally and there will be no thrust on pole.

author
ajofkandy (author)2016-01-03

Nice project. Have you considered adding more weight to the hub to give it bit more inertia? Also, have you considered driving the motor through a gearbox instead of driving it directly? These are the changes I am going to apply when making my own. Will upload if I see any success.

author
denbecr (author)2016-01-03

Untesred but "efficient"?

author
Henry Naude (author)2016-01-01

For an experiment i think this is awesome

author

Thank you.

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