I grew up in scouting so try to "be prepared" per the motto. Here are a few things that I did (and some that I should have done) that made me fairly prepared.
- Buy and use a hidden wallet capable of carrying your passport under your clothing. Or modify some clothing to carry and keep your passport hidden.
- Scan your passport and relevant visa pages and upload to a secure online storage site that you can access from any online computer. I used Google docs to store both pdf and jpg versions.
- Email yourself information like your passport number (some internet cafes have terribly slow connections and may not be able to upload a scan of your passport) and the phone numbers on the backs of any credit cards you travel with in case you need to cancel them.
- Keep a photo copy of your passport and relevant visas in a different bag than your original.
- Give a copy to someone that will be home and accessible that can fax you a copy if necessary.
- Read about the scams and dangers in the area you are going. There are forums on Trip Advisor with some excellent information. WikiTravel often has warnings about the specific countries or cities you may be visiting.
- Carry a few extra passport sized photos in different bags.
- Know where the embassies are located in the country you're in. It might even be worth noting their hours of operation.
- Take photos of all of the things you are bringing with you. (See my documentation.) Save these online where you can retrieve them. Have receipts for anything you might want to file a claim for.
- Consider travel insurance. Pay close attention to all of the details of the policy. Also ask your homeowner insurance provider if your policy would cover theft while on a trip. (Mine did - but my deductible was $1,000 and the value was about $1,060!)
A few other things you might consider to help be prepared for theft or loss while on a trip:
- Request a replacement debit card from your bank but do not activate it. Keep it apart from your current card so you still have fairly easy access to cash just by calling and activating your new card when you cancel the other one.
- For $10, many cellular carriers will give you a SIM card. You can activate it with them over the phone when you have a replacement phone if yours is stolen. I don't usually use my cell phone while on foreign trips but I rely on it once back in the US. Since I usually have to overnight in Seattle on my return it is handy to have once back in the country.