• Date JoinedSep 1, 2012
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Dear Sir,

How are you? Hope you are fine.

My name is Pramod Singh and I am from Mumbai. I used to work abroad but will be on leave for 6 months. So within this period I would like to try farming as I am very passionate and enthusiast about it.

I have taken 1 acre of land on lease in Konkan (Near Chiplun) in Maharashtra. I am planning to grow Bitter gourd as well as Ridge gourd.

After googling, I came across your blogs in which you mentioned some people that you can to send documents of step by step procedure to do farming of Ridge gourd and bitter gourd.

Since I am a beginner, It would be helpful if you could provide your expertise in this respect. Can you please send me step by step procedure for Bitter gourd and ridge gourd.

Your earliest reply will be highly appreciated.

Thanks and regards,

Pramod Singh


antoniraj (author)  pramod.singh223 days ago
Please go through attached files sent to your mail on growing Ridge gourd, bitter gourd and disease control on Bitter gourd
Pitera Man1 month ago

I really enjoy your instructables! Do you have any knowledge for working with castor bean to make oil or emulsions? Most of the quality videos I find on the net are in Japanese or Sanskrit(?), not much in English. You seem like a capable person with vast knowledge, perhaps, you can help me or point me in the right direction. Many thanks!

antoniraj (author)  Pitera Man1 month ago
Castor beans grow in our place in plenty. You can extract oil from the dried seeds by pressing as normally done with other nuts. There is no special technique involved.
In my childhood, we used this oil as laxative, as hair oil, for burning lamps and also in some cosmetics.
Here is the picture of pure castor oil (not branded). This I got for one of my future projects

Congratulations sir on making it to finals of the papercraft contest!

antoniraj (author)  Muhaiminah Faiz1 month ago
thank you Muhaiminah... you are also a finalist. seems you are on a winning spree
AbhayG11 month ago


I make bio gas plant at home. it working on cow-dung,i use plastic tank of 200Ltr and 125ltr where gas production is done but till the gas is not burning. i think some thing wrong.

please help me by sharing your knowledge. OR send me the instruction on mail

my email ID is

antoniraj (author)  AbhayG11 month ago

I f you have made it recently, the initial gas produced will not burn. you need to release the initial gas minimum three to four times before you get burnable gas

antoniraj (author)  AbhayG11 month ago
when did you make the plant and put cow dung solution in it ?
lstiles1 month ago

You have several great ideas. Being a person who is working towards simple, Thanks!

antoniraj (author)  lstiles1 month ago
thank you lstiles...
mahaa n1 month ago

Thanks sir,Valuable reply.

mahaa n1 month ago

sir,when we remove the slurry the smell will can we avoid the smell.waiting for your reply.

antoniraj (author)  mahaa n1 month ago
biogas digestion also produces little amount of Hydrogen Sulfide and ammonia. They are less than 1% of the total volume of gas produced. Most of the Hydrogen sulfide will dissolve in water to produce weak acid. there may be mild smell of these gases in the slurry which is ok.

If it smells too much then you are overfeeding the system. When you overfeed, undigested or partially digested slurry will be drained out that will have much smell. Methane is an odorless gas
pfiddle5 months ago

Many thanks for this wonderful unit and so well described too. I hope to show it to others here in Ireland to see if we can make some positive use of the huge (growing) amount of cow-dung.

Well done sir.