## Introduction: 3 Ways to Find North Without a Compass

This will probably come in handy some day...

## Step 1: Using an Analog Watch:

- First off, you need an analog watch set to the correct time; if it has been adjusted for Daylight Savings set it back an hour

- In the Northern Hemisphere:
• Point the hour hand (the little one) at the sun
• Imagine there is a line down the middle of the angle between the hour hand and the 12 o clock mark
• The line down the middle of the angle is pointing South; so the opposite direction is North
- In the Southern Hemisphere:
• Point the 12 o clock mark at the sun
• Imagine there is a line down the middle of the angle between the 12 o clock mark and the hour hand
• The line down the middle of the angle is pointing North

## Step 2: Using the Shadow Tip Method:

- Take a stick and place it upright so you can see its shadow; the taller the stick the better
- Make sure the shadow is on clear, level ground
- Mark the ground at the edge of the shadow with something small like a pebble
- Wait 10 or 15 minutes then mark the edge of the shadow again
- Make a straight line between the two marks; this is a rough East-West line
- The first mark is the West mark and the second mark is the East mark

## Step 3: Using Two Sticks at Night:

- Lie down and drive one stick into the ground at eye level
- Drive a second, taller stick into the ground behind it so that the tips of the sticks line up with a bright star
- Watch the star for a few minutes; if it seems to move...
• Up you are facing East
• Down you are facing West
• Right you are facing South
• Left you are facing North

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