Introduction: A Simple Raspberry Pi Electronic Organ Based on MPR121
I am a big fan of TwoSetViolin, they bring me a lot of fun and I start to appreciate the joy of music since I followed their channel last year. They have a program called LINGLING40HOURS, in which there are many linglings (talented fans) showing their music memes. Well, I know nothing about instruments, so it’s hard for me to come up with any good music memes. Okay, at last, I decided to utilize my expertise to DIY an electronic organ to join them.
- Raspberry Pi 4B X1
- Raspberry Pi IO Expansion Board X1
- Capacitive Touch Kit For Arduino X1
- Gravity: Digital Speaker Module X1
- Ice Cream Sticks (3*7)
- Double Side Adhesive
- Copper Foil Tape with Double-Sided Conductive
- Conductor Wire
- Type-C power cable
- Ethernet Cable X1 (Can be replaced by WiFi)
Step 1: Electronic Organ Key Connection
1. First we have to figure out the logic before soldering: MPR121 can output 12 signals, but we need 3*7=21 signals. So here I am gonna divide the 12 signals into two groups: X (0-4), Y(5-11), then we can get 35 signal combinations.
Solder conductor wires onto the touch board(21 in total). I soldered the green and yellow points.
2. Prepare the organ plate
Cut cardboard of three layers and prepare some small cardboard strips for fix the organ keys.
Stick the touch board onto the middle layer of the cardboard. And drill holes on the boards, then pull out the conductor wires.
Organize the wires and cut out the extra parts.
3. Prepare the organ keys
Wrap the copper tapes around the ice cream sticks.
Stick them onto the cardboard.
Step 2: Software Preparation
I used the MobaXterm here.
Step 3: Operation
1. Hardware Connection
Connect the speaker module to P22 of the expansion board, the touch board to IIC port.
You can also select other pins, but please make sure it is a GPIO port.
At last, plug in the power cable and Ethernet cable.
1) Download libraries files. I have placed them into a zip, click the link to download them to your PC.
- The unzipped files should be like that in the image above.
- Drag the files to mobaxterm. (Please select Desktop path)
- Create a python file in your computer and name it as 36.py.
2) Once a button is pressed, the speaker will play the corresponding note. The touch function in MPR121 library can only output 0~11, and we have to extend the 12 signals. So here I take 0~4 as X, 5~11 as Y, so there will be 5*7=35 combinations. I only set the G clef (treble clef), the F clef (bass clef), the C clef (alto clef). When x=1, bass clef, the frequency will be determined by the value of Y. When x=2, alto clef, the frequency will be determined by the value of Y, and so on.
Copy the following codes into 36.py file.
import sys sys.path.append('../') import time import Adafruit_MPR121.MPR121 as MPR121 import RPi.GPIO as GPIO Buzzer = 22 GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM) GPIO.setup(Buzzer,GPIO.OUT) Buzz = GPIO.PWM(Buzzer,440) Buzz.start(0) print('Adafruit MPR121 Capacitive Touch Sensor Test') # Create MPR121 instance. cap = MPR121.MPR121() CL = [131, 147, 165, 175, 196, 211, 248] CM = [262, 294, 330, 350, 393, 441, 495] CH = [523, 587, 659, 698, 784, 880, 988] if not cap.begin(): print('Error initializing MPR121. Check your wiring!') sys.exit(1) print('Press Ctrl-C to quit.') last_touched = cap.touched() print(last_touched) x = 0 y = 0 while True: global Buzz touch =  current_touched = cap.touched() n=current_touched print(n) #y=current_touched for i in range(12): if n&1: touch.append(i) n = n >> 1 if len(touch) == 2: x=touch y=touch-5 print(x) print(y) if x==1: Buzz.start(50) Buzz.ChangeFrequency(CL[y]) elif x==2: Buzz.start(50) Buzz.ChangeFrequency(CM[y]) elif x==3: Buzz.start(50) Buzz.ChangeFrequency(CH[y]) else: Buzz.stop() x = 0 y = 0 #last_touched = current_touched time.sleep(0.5) #GPIO.cleanup()
3) Drag the 36.py file into the examples of mobaxterm.
Step 4: Effect Display
As shown above, I pressed the sixth note of the bass clef. That's all for my work, thanks for reading!