RD Chapter 15- Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles Ex-15.1 |
RD Chapter 15- Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles Ex-15.2 |
RD Chapter 15- Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles Ex-VSAQS |

**Answer
1** :

Given: Here from the given figure we get

(1) ABCD is a quadrilateral with base AB,

(2) ΔABD is a right angled triangle

(3) ΔBCD is a right angled triangle with base BC right angled at B

To Find: Area of quadrilateral ABCD

Calculation:

In right triangle ΔBCD, by using Pythagoreans theorem

In right triangle ABD

Hence we get Area of quadrilateral ABCD =

**Answer
2** :

Given: Here from the given figure we get

(1) PQRS is a square,

(2) T is the midpoint of PS which means

(3) U is the midpoint of PS which means

(4) QU = 8 cm

To find: Area of ΔOTS

Calculation:

Since it is given that PQ = 8 cm. So

Since T and U are the mid points of PS and QR respectively. So

Therefore area of triangle OTS is equals to

Hence we get the result that Area of triangle OTS is

**Answer
3** :

Given:

(1) PQRS is a trapezium in which SR||PQ..

(2) PT = 5 cm.

(3) QT = 8 cm.

(4) RQ = 17 cm.

To Calculate: Area of trapezium PQRS.

Calculation:

In triangle

.So

No area of rectangle PTRS

Therefore area of trapezium PQRS is

Hence the answer is

**Answer
4** :

Given: In figure:

(1) ∠AOB = 90°

(2) AC = BC,

(3) OA = 012 cm,

(4) OC = 6.5 cm.

To find: Area of ΔAOB

Calculation:

It is given that AC = BC where C is the mid point of AB

We know that the mid point of hypotenuse of right triangle is equidistant from the vertices

Therefore

CA = BC = OC

⇒ CA = BC = 6.5

⇒ AB = 2 × 6.5 = 13 cm

Now in triangle OAB use Pythagoras Theorem

So area of triangle OAB

Hence area of triangle is

**Answer
5** :

Given: Here from the given figure we get

(1) ABCD is a trapezium

(2) AB = 7 cm,

(3) AD = BC = 5 cm,

(4) DC = x cm

(5) Distance between AB and DC is 4 cm

To find:

(a) The value of x

(b) Area of trapezium

Construction: Draw AL⊥ CD, and BM ⊥ CD

Calculation:

Since AL ⊥ CD, and BM ⊥ CD

Since distance between AB and CD is 4 cm. So

AL = BM = 4 cm, and LM = 7 cm

In triangle ADL use Pythagoras Theorem

Similarly in right triangle BMC use Pythagoras Theorem

Now

We know that,

We get the result as

Area of trapezium is

**Answer
6** :

Given: Here from the given figure we get

(1) OCDE is a rectangle inscribed in a quadrant of a circle with radius 10cm,

(2) OE = 2√5cm

To find: Area of rectangle OCDE.

Calculation:

In right triangle ΔODE use Pythagoras Theorem

We know that,

Hence we get the result as area of Rectangle OCDE =

In the given figure, ABCD is a trapezium in which AB || DC. Prove that

ar(Δ AOD) = ar(Δ BOC).

**Answer
7** :

Given:

ABCD is a trapezium with AB||DC

To prove: Area of ΔAOD = Area of ΔBOC

Proof:

We know that ‘triangles between the same base and between the same parallels have equal area’

Here ΔABC and ΔABD are between the same base and between the same parallels AB and DC.

Therefore

Hence it is proved that

In the given figure, ABCD, ABFE and CDEF are parallelograms. Prove that

ar(Δ ADE) = ar(Δ BCF)

**Answer
8** :

Given:

(1) ABCD is a parallelogram,

(2) ABFE is a parallelogram

(3) CDEF is a parallelogram

To prove: Area of ΔADE = Area of ΔBCF

Proof:

We know that,” opposite sides of a parallelogram are equal”

Therefore for

Parallelogram ABCD, AD = BC

Parallelogram ABFE, AE = BF

Parallelogram CDEF, DE = CF.

Thus, in ΔADE and ΔBCF, we have

So be SSS criterion we have

This means that

Hence it is proved that

Diagonals AC and BD of a quadrilateral ABCD intersect each other at P. Show that:

ar(Δ APB) ✕ ar (Δ CPD) = ar (Δ APD) ✕ ar (Δ BPC)

**Answer
9** :

Given:

(1) ABCD is a quadrilateral,

(2) Diagonals AC and BD of quadrilateral ABCD intersect at P.

To prove: Area ofΔ APB ×Area of ΔCPD = Area of ΔAPD × Area of ΔBPC

Construction: Draw AL perpendicular to BD and CM perpendicular to BD

Proof:

We know that

Area of triangle = × base× height

Area of ÄAPD = . DP . AL …… (1)

Area of ÄBPC = . CM . BP …… (2)

Area of ÄAPB = . BP . AL …… (3)

Area of ÄCPD = . CM . DP …… (4)

Therefore

Hence it is proved that

**Answer
10** :

Given:

(1) ABC and ABD are two triangles on the same base AB,

(2) CD bisect AB at O which means AO = OB

To Prove: Area of ΔABC = Area of ΔABD

Proof:

Here it is given that CD bisected by AB at O which means O is the midpoint of CD.

Therefore AO is the median of triangle ACD.

Since the median divides a triangle in two triangles ofequal area

Therefore Area of ÄCAO = Area of ÄAOD ......(1)

Similarly for Δ CBD, O is the midpoint of CD

Therefore BO is the median of triangle BCD.

Therefore Area of ÄCOB = Area of ÄBOD ......(2)

Adding equation (1) and (2) we get

Area of ΔCAO + Area of ΔCOB = Area of ΔAOD + Area of ΔBOD

⇒ Areaof ÄABC =Area of ÄABD

Hence it is proved that

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