Arduino Wireless Power POV Display

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Introduction: Arduino Wireless Power POV Display

When I first met this little device, I liked it immediately. I decided to make my own POV. I watched lot of videos, and recognised some main problems. The power supplying of the micro-controller was the biggest. Spinning battery or sliding commutators were both refused. Only option was the air core coil for me. That solution seemed too difficult. I could manage to solve this problem successfully. I created an easy but relatively efficient circuit with a few electronic parts.

Step 1: Schematic Diagram

The schematic diagram

Step 2: Components You Need:

Component list: with links

1. Arduino pro mini ATMEGA328 5V 16 Mhz

2. DS 3231 RTC module

3. 7 pcs 1206 smd LEDs

4. 7 pcs 220 ohm resistors 0805 or 1206

5. TCRT5000 Reflective optical sensor

6. 2 pcs 4.7 nF capacitor 4.7 nF 1206

7. 1 pc SS34 schottky diode

8. 1 pc 1...4.7 uF capacitor 1 uF 1206

9. 2 meters 24 AWG ( 0.51 mm) magnet wire

10. 1 pc 1.5 nF capacitor 1.5 nF 1206

11. 1 pc BCX 56 transistor ( I tried BC 639, BC 368, worked well) BCX56

12. 1 pc 4.7k resistor 4.7k 1206

13. The motor and some other parts are from and old CD player. Or new motor with disc holder

14. 5V power supply,( USB charger or power bank).

Step 3: The Heart of This Project : Coils.

There is a simple coil in the receiver side and a bifilar coil in the transmitter side. The secret is that they have to have same size and same number of turns. In my coils this number is 8. The little trick in the bifilar coil is that coil consists two coils with 4 turns. It is not difficult to make. The preparation process same as in the single coil.

I used 24 AWG ( 0.51 mm) magnet wire for winding coil. 8 turns , 35 mm diameter.

As you can see in the picture we have 4 wires in the bifilar coil and we need a common point. Two of them will be connected to each other that point will be the common point. There are two options. 1. connect red start to blue end. Or : 2. connect blue start to red end.That's all. I am not too good at explaining things, but hope, you understood.

Step 4: Arduino Software

The software:

Step 5: Making Coils Step by Step

Step 6: Building Transmitter

It requires some soldering skills. I will make a version with bigger through hole parts.

1 Person Made This Project!

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92 Discussions

0
manudmaker
manudmaker

6 months ago

nicely done. the number of images you have included is very very helpful. I never tried this coil winding technique for power transfer. By magnet wire do you mean specifically the ones used for electromagnets or will any copper wire work.

0
holybaf
holybaf

Reply 6 months ago

Hi, It works with any kind of coated/ insulated copper wire.

0
rodan_pio
rodan_pio

Question 1 year ago

Hello.
I like the design please, give me a detailed diagram of diode and clock connections for arduino.
greetings

0
TonyT165
TonyT165

1 year ago

I want to make the coil that the output voltage is 12vdc, please guide me

0
TonyT165
TonyT165

1 year ago

I look forward to you with more detailed instructions on the coil, how the welding parts are, there are many I look unclear. If you can make a video, it's great. thank you

0
TonyT165
TonyT165

1 year ago

tôi rất mê đồng hồ, tôi là người Việt Nam, tôi xẽ làm, nếu có thắc mắc tôi liên hệ với bạn theo đó chỉ nao?

0
shroud_13
shroud_13

Question 2 years ago

hi, is the schematic from above complete? or is there a missing component. if there's missing can you please tell me what is it.. and for all the capacitors can i use ceramic type? because i dont have tantalum capacitors at the moment..thank you in advanced

0
WilliamM25
WilliamM25

Answer 2 years ago

Hi S13, yes it's complete, although you could need a 47 Ohms resistor (or close) in series with the motor to reduce its speed and vibrations ... and yes, you shouldn't have problems with ceramic capacitors instead of tantalum. Good luck!

0
shroud_13
shroud_13

Reply 2 years ago

thnx, one more question can i use 2n2222 transistor?

0
WilliamM25
WilliamM25

Reply 2 years ago

Yes you can.

Ok now I see your coil winding technique. Really nice work on the coil winding. I have been trying to wind mine for inductive power transfer and mine so far have been the bad example for the 'Nailed It' meme. I'll keep trying because thanks to you i see it possible. Thanks.

0
WilliamM25
WilliamM25

Question 2 years ago on Introduction

Hello again holybaf. Finally I finished it (the beta version of course) but when starting the mechanism, the dc motor takes a lot of speed, making everything vibrate too much. Have you used something to reduce the motor speed ? What should I adjust in the source code to synchronize the texts according to the motor speed?. Thanks again.

0
holybaf
holybaf

Answer 2 years ago

Hello, 47 ohm resistor serial with the motor decreased speed properly for me. Find the line in the code: int timer = 200 ; and set it 170 or less if the speed is high.

0
holybaf
holybaf

3 years ago

The next project: POV with IR data transmission. Coming soon.

IMG_2199.JPGIMG_2138.JPGIMG_2140.JPGIMG_2142.JPGIMG_2145.JPGIMG_2146.JPGIMG_2147.JPGIMG_2148.JPGIMG_2149.JPGIMG_2150.JPGIMG_2151.JPGIMG_2152.JPGIMG_2153.JPGIMG_2154.JPGIMG_2155.JPGIMG_2156.JPGIMG_2157.JPGIMG_2158.JPGIMG_2159.JPGIMG_2160.JPGIMG_2161.JPGIMG_2162.JPGIMG_2163.JPGIMG_2164.JPGIMG_2165.JPGIMG_2168.JPGIMG_2169.JPGIMG_2170.JPGIMG_2171.JPGIMG_2172.JPGIMG_2173.JPGIMG_2174.JPGIMG_2175.JPGIMG_2177.JPGIMG_2178.JPGIMG_2179.JPGIMG_2180.JPGIMG_2181.JPGIMG_2182.JPGIMG_2183.JPGIMG_2184.JPGIMG_2185.JPGIMG_2187.JPGIMG_2188.JPGIMG_2189.JPGIMG_2190.JPGIMG_2191.JPGIMG_2192.JPGIMG_2193.JPGIMG_2194.JPGIMG_2195.JPGIMG_2196.JPGIMG_2197.JPGIMG_2198.JPGIMG_2199.JPGIMG_2200.JPG
0
WilliamM25
WilliamM25

Reply 2 years ago

Nice, clever configuration. Congrats!

0
WilliamM25
WilliamM25

Question 2 years ago

Hi again!

I have another some questions, the first one is about the RTC module, it comes with a small battery to keep the clock running when there is no external voltage (I guess), is there any reason why you have removed it? (I don't see it in the pictures)

The second one, is about the LEDs, do you have any picture of the solder between the LEDs and their resistors?

Another one, what glue did you use to keep the coil attached?

Finaly, do you have any recommendation to make a correct balancing of the upper disc?

Thanks a lot for you support!

See you, William

PS: Take a look at the small PCBs inspired by your design.

DS 3231 RTC module.jpgIMG_9596.JPG
0
holybaf
holybaf

Answer 2 years ago

Hi,

This kind of battery is not rechargeable and I had a discharged one. I wanted to use a rechargeable coin cell battery and place it on the surface of disc as a balance weight. After that I re-thought the design and dropped that idea. Of course you can use small battery for continuous working. I used cyanoacrylate super glue for coils. I balanced the disc with a holed coin. I will upload photos about of resistors on back of LED's.

I liked your design! Well done!

0
WilliamM25
WilliamM25

Question 2 years ago

Hi Mr.Holybaf. Very nice project, congrats and thanks for your patience. I have a question, I don't what it's the SMD component conected at transistor emitter pin, looks like a Tantalum Capacitor, but no appear in the Schematic Diagram. Thanks 4 u time.

PD:By the way, I'll be waiting for the mini POV with IR data transmission.

image.png
1
holybaf
holybaf

Answer 2 years ago

Hi WilliamM25, thank you . That is a filter capacitor between GND and 5V. 22u 16V. My next project will be the mini POV with IR data transmission hopefully next month.

0
supine
supine

Question 2 years ago

hi,

Is there a difference using a sine wave or square wave signal for the transmitter part??