Introduction: Attiny 45 EMF Sensor

About: I like finding new uses for things, making things, and improving things. I'm a student who is currently looking for a better job, one where I can make an actual difference.

This sensor is very sensitive and can pick up electrical signals from anything that uses power. It displays the amount of interference it picks up by sequentially lighting 4 led's one after the other. I have tested it all around the house and its been kinda fun to see how different things compare. It can also be used to follow house electrical wiring inside the walls, yes its that sensitive.

Step 1: Program the Attiny 45

I used an Arduino Nano to program the Attiny 45 it was easy to setup and worked great. The code shown reads the analog input and uses that information to figure out how many led's should be on if any. The values at which each led lights up are dependent on the antenna, its resistance to ground, and the attiny's input sensitivity. These values will have to changed in the code to best match your personal setup. Sensitivity is adjusted by increasing or decreasing the resistance to ground on the antenna and by changing the led turn on values.

Step 2: The Circuit

Start by connecting one of the Attiny 45's analog inputs to the antenna then ground it using four 1 mega ohm resistors in series, after that wire the remaining outputs to light four led's. I used a solid copper wire for the antenna and wrapped it around a marker to get the spring like coil. It seems to work fine with 3 volts, so I used a AAA battery holder to power it. I recommend building it on a breadboard initially so you can see what works best for your antenna and modify the circuit or code as necessary.