Automatic Water Level Controller Using Transistors or 555 Timer IC

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Introduction: Automatic Water Level Controller Using Transistors or 555 Timer IC

Introduction:

Hii Everyone here we are going to learn about Saving the water efficiently. so go through the steps and the Sentences carefully. Water tank overflow is a common problem which leads to the wastage of water. Though there are many solutions to it like ball valves which automatically stop the water flow once the tank gets full. The water level controller circuit is a simple mechanism to detect and control the level of water in the overhead tank and also in the other containers. Nowadays, all the householders/owners are storing the water in overhead tanks by using the pumps. When the water is stored in the tank, no one can identify the level of water and also, no one can know when the water tank will fill. Hence there is an overflow of water in the tank, thus there is a wastage of energy and water.

To Resolve this type of problems by using the water level Controller circuit using BC547 transistor it helps and control the overflow level of water. The cost of the water level controller manufacturing cost is low and its use full for the overhead water tanks, swimming pool boilers, etc.. The water level controller circuits are used in the factories, chemical plants, and electrical substations and also in other liquid storage systems.

This simple transistor based water level controller circuit is very useful to indicate the water levels in a tank. Whenever tank gets filled, the motor Switches off. Here we have created 3 levels (Main, Low, High), we can create alarms and LED for more levels as we need. When tanks gets filled completely the motor will Turn Off. We guys are Ankit Gupta R, Bala Murugan N G and Mohammed Jaffer M made this Project.

Step 1: Components Required:

1. BC 547 Transistors = 3 Nos

2. 220k Resistor= 1 Nos

3. 5.6k Resistor= 1 Nos

4. 12v Dc Relay= 1 Nos

5. 2 Pin PCB Connector= 3 Nos

6. 3 Pin PCB Connector= 1 Nos

7. 1N4007 Diode=1 Nos

The Circuit Components cost nearly 40Rs. In dollar it should be less than 1$. If you are using IC555, the circuit components are mentioned in the circuit diagram.

Step 2: Circuit Diagram

Follow the Circuit Diagram as it is. Carefully read step by step procedure so that we should get the output. Using Ic555 to get the Output easily.

Step 3: Transistors and Other Components

Use this type for sensor wiring connections. In SPDT relay we are having 5 terminals Com(Movable Contact), Coil terminals, NO and NC

NO= Normally Opened

If your Motor Positive end is connected to NO. When the relay is switched, the motor will turn ON. Otherwise it is in OFF state.

NC=Normally Closed

If your Motor Positive end is connected to NC. When the relay is switched, the motor will turn OFF. Otherwise it is in ON state.

In the COM port we must add the external power supply to drive the motor. The coil terminals is only for Switching the relay from NC to NO. The relays are of different types here am using 12v DC SPDT Relay.

BC 547 transistor are very negligible so handle the transistor carefully and don't change the polarity of the battery terminal to the circuit.

Step 4: Overall Setup of My Automatic Water Controller

Here I used 12v Submergible motor for my purpose so I Designed 12v DC power supply connect to both circuit and Com Port of the Relay. We can also give 5v for the circuit if you are using 5v Relay.If you need your circuit for 230v motor control operation, you just connect the 230v positive terminal to Com port of Relay and the negative terminal connect to motor another end(-)Gnd. No need to change any components.

Step 5: Conclusion

Finally we Designed the circuit and make sure that your circuit should be tested in Breadboard after that you can go for the Soldering in PCB or Dot Board. We can also use IC555 timer for the automatic water level controller to get the output in a Effective manner because transistors may burst any time . See you next time to my Next Project. If you have any queries kindly ask in the comments, we will clarify you at any time.

Thanks,

Bala Murugan N.G

Ankit Gupta R

Mohammed Jaffer M

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    38 Comments

    0
    ngbala
    ngbala

    Reply 8 months ago

    There is having 2 circuit diagrams(Transistors one and another one is 555 timer). Kindly read the blog completely

    0
    ngbala
    ngbala

    Reply 1 year ago

    I mentioned using Transistors or 555 timer IC. So here i used Transistors. 555 Timer IC also work.

    0
    ngbala
    ngbala

    Reply 8 months ago

    Make a prototype like this and showcase the demo

    0
    ngbala
    ngbala

    Reply 1 year ago

    Make this circuit and show

    0
    abubakar.abk01
    abubakar.abk01

    Question 1 year ago on Step 1

    I've buit up the 555 timer ic version but the pump shuts off immediately the water reaches the mid sensor.... What should I do

    0
    franciscp2001
    franciscp2001

    Question 1 year ago on Step 5

    I need to make water level controller over head and upper level. any one give me circuits

    0
    Rohit110989
    Rohit110989

    1 year ago

    I've made the same circuit as described by you, but the test bulb glows when I switched off the DC power supply 12v otherwise it donot glow , kindly help..

    0
    ngbala
    ngbala

    Reply 1 year ago

    I think you misunderstand the connectivity of relay. Can you recheck your connectivity as mentioned in circuit

    0
    billydiemar
    billydiemar

    Question 1 year ago

    I have tried this circuit using the bc547’s but the circuit is activating the pump when it gets below the power sensor but not turning off when it reaches the top sensor the light blue wire is the high sensor and the grey is the low. Any help would be greatly appreciated,
    Thanks

    image.jpgimage.jpg
    0
    ngbala
    ngbala

    Answer 1 year ago

    Can you send your circuit diagram that you designed in PCB Board

    0
    Nonso4jesus
    Nonso4jesus

    2 years ago

    Kindly, I need a clearer explaination of how I can connect the relay and the 12volts power supply. I need it to be precise and more understanding.

    0
    ngbala
    ngbala

    Reply 1 year ago

    See in this diagram, a relay consists of 5 terminals common, coil(2), NO and NC. and connect as mentioned above

    spdt relay.jpg
    0
    PrinceB46
    PrinceB46

    2 years ago

    perfect

    0
    ngbala
    ngbala

    Reply 2 years ago

    Thank you :)

    0
    jeevangittle3
    jeevangittle3

    2 years ago

    Can I use this ckt in our company to build a product .

    0
    ngbala
    ngbala

    Reply 2 years ago

    Sure!!!

    0
    RameshbabuA
    RameshbabuA

    Question 2 years ago on Step 2

    Sir. Relay. Ac. Motar con no. NC please. No.