Introduction: Building a Regulation Sized Hockey Rink in SketchUp
I used the free, web-based version of SketchUp to complete this.
Try to be familiar with terms like "red line" or "half wall" because I'll use them without explaining what they mean
All measurements are taken from the official NHL rulebook (http://www.nhl.com/nhl/en/v3/ext/rules/2018-2019-N...)
Step 1: Base of the Rink
The actual measurements of the rink are 85'x200', but we will need to make it a bit bigger and then trim it down later
- Create a rectangle with a width of 95' and a height of 210' (95'x210'). Then, offset the rink by 5' so that an inner rectangle appears that is 85'x200' (see picture 1).
- Mark the points on the inner rectangle that are 28' from each corner. Then, draw guidelines to connect each mark to the one opposite it (see picture 2).
- Using the corners formed by the guidelines as a starting point, draw a quarter circle that will replace the corners of the inner rectangle. (see picture 3)
- Erase the corners of the inner rectangle, as well as the two lines formed by creating the quarter circle.
- Erase the guidelines, and paint the rink white. The last picture should look like what you have right now
Step 2: Boards
- Offset the rink by 6" going towards the platform (outer rectangle). This new surface will become the boards. To know if you did this right, check to make sure that the actual rink is the smallest of the 3 figures.
- Raise the boards by 3' 6". Color both sides of it white, and the top of it red.
Step 3: Glass
- Offset each side of the top of the boards by 2 3/4" to create a space in the middle that has a width of 1/2" (see picture 1). This space will become the glass.
- Raise that space by 8' above the boards and paint it "translucent glass tinted" (see picture 2)
Step 4: Goal Lines
I recommend using guidelines before pencil
- Draw a line parallel to the end boards and is 11' up from the end boards.
- Give that line a width of 2" by drawing a second line 2" below it. This is the goal line. Color the goal line red, as seen in the first picture.
- Continue the goal line vertically up the half wall, parallel to the blue axis (see picture 2)
- Final result should mirror picture 3
Step 5: Blue Lines (offside Lines)
- Draw a line 64' up from the top of the goal line, and another line 1' below it. This is the offside line
- Color the offside lines dark blue. I used color I06, but it's entirely up to you.
- Same as you did with the goal lines, continue the blue lines vertically up the boards parallel to the blue axis.
- final result should mirror picture 3
Step 6: Center Line, Center Faceoff Spot, and Center Line Pattern
The distance between the two inner lines of the blue line should be 50'
- Draw a line directly through the middle of the ice, parallel to the blue line. it should be 25' up from the blue line. See picture 1
- Add two lines on either side of the middle line 6" from it, and 1' from each other. This is the center line. Color that line red (A06). Continue those lines vertically up the boards like you have been doing.
- Find the exact center of the red line (along the middle guideline), and with that as your starting point, create a circle with a radius of 6". I recommend drawing four quarter circles to make one big circle, so as not to give it a polygon shape. Color that circle blue. See picture two.
- Make a mark along the middle guideline that is 1' away from the boards (on both sides of the ice), and another two marks that are 1' away from the outermost edge of the circle. See pictures 3 & 4.
- Starting from the mark you made 1' from the boards, make two parallel guidelines that are 3" from it on either side.
- from one of the marks you made 1' from the faceoff dot, make continuous marks 2.5' apart until you reach the first mark. Do this for the other side of the red line as well. The distance between the two marks 1' from the circle should be 3'. You should have 32 marks in total
- Using the guidelines and marks you made, create 16 rectangles that each have a width of 2.5' and height of 6". See pictures 5 and 6.
- Make sure the rectangles are colored white, the faceoff dot blue, and the rest of the center line red.
- Delete all the guidelines and marks. To make this easier, go to the search bar and type in "delete" then "delete guides"
- Picture 7 should mirror your final result
Step 7: Center Circle
- Using the center of your faceoff dot as the starting point, create a circle with a radius of 15', and another circle with a radius of 14' 10".
- Color that circle red and erase excess lines at the intersection point between the red line and circle.
Step 8: Neutral Zone Faceoff Spots
- Draw a guideline 5' up from the blue line and parallel to the blue line, and another guideline that goes directly down the ice and is perpindicular to the blue line.
- Put a mark down 22' from the intersection point of the two guidelines, and on either side of it. The distance between the two marks should be 44', and the distance between each mark and the boards should be 20' 6". See picture 1
- Using each mark as a center, draw a circle with a diameter of 2'
- Draw a line in the circle that is 3" from the bottom and another line 3" from the top. The "top" and "bottom" of the circles are determined by where each team's centers would stand to take the faceoff. See picture 3
- Erase every line in the circle that is not one of the two chords you just created.
- Paint the area between the two chords red, and the area between each chord and their respective arc white.
Step 9: Referee Crease
This is the last step and then the neutral zone will be complete
- Shift your view back to it's starting position, so that you are behind the red axis and the blue axis is to your left. (see picture 1)
- You are going to create a semicircle with a radius of 10'. The starting point for the semicircle will be the center of the line where the red line meets the boards, and is on the right half of your screen (assuming your viewpoint matches that of my description). See picture 2
Step 10: Outer Circle Faceoff Configuration (End Zone Faceoff Dots)
- Make a guideline 20' from each goal line and parallel to it.
- Make a second guideline perpendicular to the first one through the center of the ice.
- Make a mark 22' from the intersection point and on either side of the two lines. These represent the center of the faceoff dots.
- From each mark, draw a circle with a diameter of 2'.
- Just like you did with the neutral zone faceoff spots, draw two parallel lines that are 3" from the top and bottom of the dot. Remember: top and bottom are determined by where the two centers will stand to take the faceoff.
- Color the dot the same as you did with the neutral zone faceoff dots.
- With the center of the faceoff dot as your starting point, draw a circle with a radius of 15' and a width of 2". color it red.
- Mark the spot 33.5" above and 33.5" below the edge of the circle that is closest to the half wall, and with the edge that is directly opposite it, closest to center ice.
- Connect those marks to the circle and create a line 2' in length
- From the end point of that line, go up 2" and connect it to the circle to give you somewhat of a rectangle. The distance between the top lines on both rectangles should be 5' 11". Repeat this with the opposite end of the circle and for the other three circles, as seen in pictures 7, 8, and 9.
Step 11: Inner Circle Faceoff Configuration (End Zone Faceoff Dots)
Adjust your view of the faceoff dots so that the two white parts are to your left and right.
- Make a mark 1' away from the edge of the circle with the white ends, to create a guideline as seen in picture 1
- From the marks you just made, make 2 more marks on either side of the circle, one 9" above and one 9" below the original mark, so they are 1' 6" apart. You should have just created four new marks
- From those four marks you just made, move 3' further away from the circle and still on the guide line, to create four more marks. See picture 3
- From the mark you made 9" above and below the center line of the circle, make a mark that is 4' away from the starting point and is one a guideline that is perpendicular to the goal line
- Pencil everything in to create four figures somewhat shapes like an L.
- Give those figures a width of 2" and color it red.
Step 12: Goal Crease
- Find the center of the goal line, and mark the spots 3' away on either side of it, still on the goal line. With this as the center, make a circle with a diameter of 2". These circles will represent the two goal posts. We will not be building a goal, we just need these for reference.
- Mark the spot 1' away from the goal post, while still on the goal line. Then, move it up 1" parallel to the green axis and on the top of the goal line.
- From that mark, draw a line 4' 6" up and towards the neutral zone, parallel to the green axis. Give it a width of 2"
- Draw a semicircle with a radius of 6' and connect it to the sides of the crease, as seen in pictures 4 and 5. Erase the corners of the 4' 6" line so your model looks like picture 5.
- Mark the spot 4' up from the goal line and on the inside of the crease line. From that mark, draw a line with a length of 5" and width of 2" into the crease. Color it red. Paint the inside of the crease a light blue/teal color. I used color H02.
Step 13: Kick Plate
- Draw guidelines that are 1' up from the bottom of the boards, and go around nearly the entire rink.
- The only parts of the boards that do not need lines are the parts that already have a line on them. Ex: The center line continues up the boards, so there will not be a kickplate there.
- Pencil in the grid lines and color the area dark yellow. I used color E05
Note: In NHL arenas, the kickplate extends 1/8" into the ice, but in SketchUp we cannot push/pull on curved surfaces like the half wall, so I didn't bother.
Step 14: The Trapezoid
This is the final step for completing the rink. I completed it last because it is the most pointless area in the rink. If a goalie steps outside the trapezoid, it's a penalty. Makes no sense.
- Draw two 2" guidelines that extend from the outer lines of the goal crease to the inner line of the goal line.
- From each mark, make two more marks along the goal line. One mark that is 7' away and another that is 10' away. Both will be in the direction of the half wall.
- From the mark 10' away from the crease, extend a guideline towards the end boards (10' 10" away) parallel to the green axis.
- From the mark 7' away, extend a line that it hits the intersection between the end boards and the other guideline, as seen in picture 5.
- Give that line a width of 2" and color it red.
- Continue the line vertically up the kickplate, parallel to the blue axis.
- Your result should mirror picture 8. To double check, make sure that the ends of the lines are 28' apart.