Concrete Barrel Waterfall Fountain Pot

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Introduction: Concrete Barrel Waterfall Fountain Pot

About: Hello ! I'm Creative D2H, You can see in my posts how to make beautiful things, to create houses of history, fairy houses, recycling ideas, decorations, crafts,and paint. They use very cheap materials and alwa…

In this instructable, I show you how to make a waterfall fountain with an original design. In this fountain, there are 3 mini barrels, a large barrel that forms the base and the basin, a mountain, and a plant pot. Everything is made only from cement and sand. I followed a technique called "Faux Bois" which refers to the artistic imitation of wood or wood grains in various media. It’s fun to make and you can use it as an awesome decoration indoors or in your garden.

Tools :

  • Cutter
  • Metal ruler 50cm
  • Soldering Iron
  • Universal pliers
  • Painting Palette Knives: Link
  • Masonry trowel
  • Acrylic Paint: Link
  • Professional Paint Brushes: Link
  • Mini Submersible Pump: Link
  • PVC Tube: 6mm inlet diameter (for the pump)
  • Submersible Led Lights Waterproof: Link

Supplies

  • Plastic box: 0,5 liter
  • Plastic planter: 12 liter
  • Fine mesh 2mm: 0,5mx1m
  • Sand: 10kg
  • Ordinary Cement: 20kg
  • Acrylic Paint
  • Epoxy Resin + Hardener: 70g

Step 1: Mini Barrel - Sand Casting

I used an empty plastic box of yogurt (500g) to exploit it as a circular mold. We fill the box with wet sand. Be sure to pack the sand well so that it retains the desired shape after removing the box. You can use a spoon or directly with your fingers to pack the sand well.

Then the box is removed from the mold gently and slowly in one upward direction.

Step 2: 1st Concrete Layer

We move on to the preparation of the concrete mix. In this whole project, I follow the same ratios of the mixture: 2.5 cups cement +1 cup sand + water. Only I vary the quantity of water to arrive at the consistency of the desired mixture. Always the first layer of concrete is the most diluted.

In the first layer, I pour the diluted concrete over the sand mold. We gradually cover everything with concrete. This step requires a lot of concentration, you have to work very slowly and long. The risk of the sand collapsing is significant.

The painting palette knives are a good practice tool to cover all the sand with the concrete while keeping the same thickness.

Painting Palette Knives: Link

Step 3: 2nd Concrete Layer

Then we move on to the second layer of concrete. The concrete mix of this layer is less diluted. Be sure to cover all the 1st concrete layer with the same thickness.

In the end, we have a hole in the center of the barrel using the same pumping tube to be installed later.

Step 4: Sculpting

After an hour, I start by delicately drawing straight, equidistant lines. Between every two lines, I draw light lines in the shape of wooden grooves. Follow the steps shown in the attached photos.

Step 5: Making the Spout

We go directly to the building of the spout of this part of the fountain. The spout is important for directing the flow of water. At the bottom of the mini barrel, we open a rectangular opening of 2x4cm dimension. Using the same wet sand, we form the shape with the dimensions shown in the attached photo. We cover the sand with the same thickness (1cm) as the concrete. After a period of between 30-60 minutes depending on the temperature of the room, we cut the excess parts using a new cutter blade while following the operations shown in the attached photos.

Step 6: Making the Belt

We go directly to adding the barrel belts. We start by gradually adding two wide belts, then I do the finishing and I eliminate the unnecessary parts.

Step 7: Sand Emptying

After at least 3 hours of drying, we move on to the sand evacuation step. You can use a spoon for this operation. For the best sand cleaning result, one can wash with water and use a paintbrush to scrub the inner walls of the barrel.

Slight cracks can be repaired by adding a light layer of cement to the internal walls. Then, I add small identical and equidistant balls to form the tack nails of the belts.

Step 8: Making 2 Other Mini Barrels

In this step, we follow exactly the same steps described above to make two other identical mini barrels. In total, we need three mini barrels to make a waterfall.

Step 9: Big Barrel - Sand Casting

I used a plastic plant pot (12 liters) to exploit it as a circular mold. We fill the box with wet sand. Be sure to pack the sand well so that it retains the desired shape after removing the box. You can use a masonry trowel or directly with your hands to pack the sand well.

Then the pot is removed from the mold gently and slowly in one upward direction.

Step 10: Concrete Basic Shape

We redo the same operations followed for the construction of the mini barrels. In the first layer, I pour the diluted concrete over the sand mold. We gradually cover everything with concrete. This step requires a lot of concentration, you have to work very slowly and long. The risk of the sand collapsing is significant.

Then we move on to the second layer of concrete. The concrete mix of this layer is less diluted. Be sure to cover all the fine mesh with the same thickness.

Step 11: Sculpting

After an hour, I start by delicately drawing straight, equidistant lines. Between every two lines, I draw light lines in the shape of wooden grooves. Follow the steps shown in the attached photos.

An oval shaped part (9 x 22 cm) was taken from the upper part of the barrel. On the opposite side, I made a hole of 10 cm diameter. This circular inlet will be used for the assembly and installation of the pumping system.

Step 12: Shaping the Basin

After 24 hours of drying, I turn the barrel upside down and put it in its default position. I draw on the sand the shape of the basin to build. Then I dig the basin (15cm deep) and empty the unnecessary volume of sand.

Then I pour diluted cement on the sand. I always try to maintain the same thickness of concrete throughout the surface. I put pieces of fine metallic mesh to give more robustness to the base.

After, I dug an oval-shaped hole (5x11cm) and 10cm deep. This hole will be covered with concrete and will be used as a plant pot. Do not forget to make small holes in the bottom of the plant pot to take out the excess water in case of watering the plant.

Step 13: Emptying

After at least 24 hours of drying, we move on to the stage of total sand discharge. The sand area can be washed with a water jet to ensure the cleanliness of the pumping chamber.

Step 14: Making the Belt

We go directly to adding the barrel belts. We start by gradually adding two wide belts, then I do the finishing and I eliminate the unnecessary parts.

Then, I add small identical and equidistant balls to form the tack nails of the belts.

Step 15: Assembly of Mini Barrels

We start the installation of the mini barrels, from the lowest barrel to the highest barrel. For the installation of the middle and top mini barrel, I cut 4 identical pieces of oval polystyrene (8x14cm) and 4cm thick. Then, I glued these polystyrene pieces in order to have a single block 16cm high. Using a soldering iron, I engraved the position of the middle barrel.

I use polystyrene because its weight is very light and it sticks perfectly to concrete. I cover the polystyrene with concrete and I added concrete balls and I sculpt them to form a mountain of stones. The installation of all the barrels is done by spraying water into the installation surface, then putting two to three spoons of lightly diluted concrete on the previously wet area. Finally, the barrel is gently placed on the concrete and the concrete released from both sides is wiped out.

Step 16: Paint & Coat With Epoxy Resin

After the concrete has completely dried, I start by cleaning the project and removing the dust from the cement using a dry brush. I used acrylic paint for its ability to resist more humidity.

Adding epoxy resin to a painting or art piece enhances the colors and gives the piece a glossy, clean finish. A clear coat of resin also provides added protection from general wear or scratches. Although the results glisten for themselves, the process requires patience, preparation, and care. In our project, epoxy resin is also used to hardening, waterproof, and prevent leakage.

I chose to make epoxy resin layers inside mini barrels, the spouts, and the basin only, that is to say in all the surfaces in contact with water. But, you can do a full epoxy resin coating of the whole fountain. You need 2 disposable cups for mixing, a Stirring popsicle, Gloves, Protective eyewear, and a brush. Make two coats of resin spaced 24 hours apart for drying.

Step 17: LED Light and Pumping System

At the bottom of each barrel, I glue a waterproof LED spotlight using hot glue. The colours of the LED spotlights that I used can be controlled remotely.

For the circulation of water and to operate the fountain, we need a submersible mini-pump, a PVC tube of the same diameter as the pump (6mm).

  1. Enter the pump tube into the 6mm hole in the 1st mini barrel
  2. Connect the pump with the tube
  3. Put the mini-pump into the pumping area through the 10cm hole.

Submersible Led Lights Waterproof: Link

Submersible Pump(800L/H, 8W) : Link

Step 18: Start-up

To put the fountain into operation, it is necessary to start by pouring a quantity of 4 litres of water into the basins.

To use the fountain outdoors, be sure to better protect the wires and electrical connectors from the rain.

Enjoy the video tutorial 👉 Link

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    42 Comments

    0
    Doglover 8D
    Doglover 8D

    1 year ago

    Congratulations on winning the grand prize! Your instructable is really, really good! Keep up doing such great things!

    0
    wannabemadsci
    wannabemadsci

    1 year ago

    Truly amazing!
    Thank you for sharing your phenomenal talents!
    Bravo!

    0
    N0YHR
    N0YHR

    1 year ago

    Phenomenal job on not only the fountain, but providing quality photographs, and detailed instructions that will allow anyone else to recreate this projects!

    You not only used concrete, you mixed it with different consistencies, created forms, cast, and carved it in a truly creative, and incredibly artistic piece of work.

    My wife and I recently formed and cast two large, and larger elephant ear bird baths. Your Instructable may have us creating our own fountain to go alongside the leaves. We and the birds would love it.

    0
    Suz Ldy
    Suz Ldy

    1 year ago on Step 18

    Such talent! And so much fun to watch!

    0
    mikehendricks
    mikehendricks

    1 year ago

    Wow! You could have left it un-painted - and it still looks great. I have to admit at the beginning, when you are removing the sand, I kept thinking about Reese's Peanut Butter Cups! Thank you so much for showing/sharing your talent!

    0
    Nikita Maree
    Nikita Maree

    1 year ago

    An absolutely beautiful project. You are very creative and talented.

    0
    briyangd
    briyangd

    1 year ago

    This is a amazing fountain , Thank you for sharing
    0
    AMbros Custom
    AMbros Custom

    1 year ago

    You are very Expert and creative in making beautiful fountain. really love it.

    0
    sheripres
    sheripres

    1 year ago

    This is absolutely beautiful and I watched the entire video.

    Every time I watch a concrete video, whether it is in India, Mexico or USA or anywhere around the world, the concrete looks like perfect sculpting clay. What or where do you get THAT kind of concrete? I use concrete/cement on many simple projects, but never is it like yours in the video. How do you get it to drip like cake batter? I look up videos on how to make perfect concrete and still cannot do it. I don't know if it is the type of concrete to buy or if it is how to mix it correctly with tools or is it the water ratio.

    Thanks for any feedback and I am so jealous of your talent! Just stunning!

    0
    Creative D2H
    Creative D2H

    Reply 1 year ago

    Thanks! The ratio of a concrete mixture :
    2,5 cups Cement + 1 cup sifted Sand (Construction Sand) + Water

    0
    sheripres
    sheripres

    Reply 1 year ago

    Thank you!

    0
    MadeByBarb
    MadeByBarb

    Reply 1 year ago

    I agree with what you said. As far as I understand it is only Portland Cement (the component of concrete mixes that is a 'active' ingredient) and sand. A lot of mixes have ingredients to make them stronger since portland cement on it's own is not that strong. The sand seems to be super fine, no visible grains to see (I just noticed that it says sifted! Hmmm, that may be the key!). I do a lot of work with concrete and for simplicity I just like to use the mixes that are available commercially. I have compared some of them. There is a mix called Rapidset Cementall that can used at a pourable consistency (no aggregate in it and super strong) , the only drawback is you need to work pretty fast (minutes) but in most cases I'm fine with that since I hate waiting days for a cure anyways. It worked for these pours inside a balloon to make eggs! It ends up more light in colour and stronger. I've cast coasters with it that are only 1/4" thick! The damp sand as a mold also seems intriguing! I am hoping to test this out very soon.

    Faux-Fossil-Forest-Coasters--madebybarb-17.jpgDIY-Concrete-Monster-Eggs--madebybarb-7.jpg
    0
    sheripres
    sheripres

    Reply 1 year ago

    Thank you so much for this info! I have this saved in my email too! I really appreciate you taking time to give me the links too!

    0
    MarkE209
    MarkE209

    Reply 1 year ago

    It is beautiful and what kind of concrete was it and thank you very much

    0
    tablet1
    tablet1

    1 year ago

    when i mix cement and sand . the mixture after 4 hours has destroyed.

    0
    MadeByBarb
    MadeByBarb

    Reply 1 year ago

    When working with concrete, the mixture does not 'dry', it needs to cure to give the cement time to react with the water. If it dries too fast then it will not get strong and just end up crumbling. Covering it to maintain moisture or misting with water does help. Temperature & humidity also play a big role. It is a great project, but before I take on a new kind I like to do some small tests to see how it all works.

    0
    ossum
    ossum

    1 year ago

    This is amazing and creative, I love your technique and how accessible it is. The paintwork is really cool, it looks like something out of WarCraft.

    0
    Creative D2H
    Creative D2H

    Reply 1 year ago

    Thank you so much!