Discover How to Comunicate Two Arduino in 1000 M of Distance

Introduction: Discover How to Comunicate Two Arduino in 1000 M of Distance

We often want to perform remote actuation of several actuators such as lamps, motors, and other actuators.

However, there are cases where the use of wired systems to drive these actuators becomes impracticable due to the distance between the actuator and the drive system or the difficulty in carrying out the installation of the cabling necessary to carry out the desired operation.

In these cases the remote control is an alternative to be used, there are several radio transceivers that can be used, such as the HC 12, NRF24L01, Lora module, among others.

In this article, we will learn how to build a NEXTPCB Electronic Board to make an automation system and control several devices remotely.

The NEXTPCB Printed Circuit Board will have the HC 12 radio transceiver/module and the Arduino Nano that will be the receiver and an HC 12 with the Arduino Uno that will be the transmitter to perform the activation of LEDs at a distance.

If you have interesting in construct this project, you can download the files and obtain your NEXTPCB GIFT in this link: NEXTPCB GIFT.

Therefore, through this article you will learn:

  • Perform the circuit assembly on the protoboard
  • Understand how the HC 12 module works
  • Perform the communication of the Arduino Nano/Arduino Nano with the HC 12 module
  • Remote device activation Understand how serial communication works with a radio transceiver
  • Create a NEXTPCB Printed Circuit Board for this project

Now, we will start the complete presentation of the development of the Remote Device Control project using the HC 12 module.

Step 1: Construction of the NEXTPCB Remote Control Automation System With Arduino and HC12 Module

As previously mentioned, the project consists of creating a system to remotely activate devices remotely and create a NEXTPCB Printed Circuit Board to control the devices.

The HC 12 module is a radio transceiver and its operating frequency is From 433.4 MHz to 473 MHz.

It is possible to connect two types of antennas in this module, a helical antenna that comes with the module or another antenna to be connected to the UFL connector.

The range of this module can reach up to 1 km depending on the settings and the antenna used.

These modules usually come with some factory settings, so that we can communicate 2 HC 12 modules. For example, we can communicate 2 Arduinos.

In order to carry out this process, we must adjust some parameters such as communication speed, communication channel, operating mode using AT commands.

To configure the module, the set pin must be connected to the GND as shown in figure above. This process allows the module to enter configuration mode.

It is recommended to supply the HC 12 module with an external 5V source, as it has some USB-SERIAL converters that do not provide enough current to supply the module.

To improve the design, we will create a NEXTPCB Printed Circuit Board to ensure adequate power for the HC12.

The GND of the USB-SERIAL converter must be connected to the GND of the power supply.

Step 2:

Now, let's configure the HC 12 module.

Table 1 shows the main commands used to configure the module using AT commands.

The FU1 and FU2 modes have a lower power consumption than the FU3 mode, so the FU1 and FU2 modes are modes to be used in applications that use batteries.

The FU1 mode operates with electrical working current without transmitting 3.6 mA data.

The FU2 mode, on the other hand, operates with a working current of 80uA without transmitting data and supports only the speeds 1200 bps, 2400 bps, 4800 bps.

The operating modes are not compatible with each other, so the two modules must be configured in the same operating mode, whether FU1, FU2, FU3.

Before we start configuring the module, we must download the Termite software available at the link: Download Termite Software

Step 3:

After making the connections with the HC 12 module and the serial usb converter, open the Termite Software.

Configuring the HC 12 module with Termite software.

Step 4:

After opening the Termite software, we must click on Settings to make some settings according to figure 3.

Step 5:

After making the settings in the Termite software, click Ok and then COM3 to connect the USB - serial converter with the HC 12 module to the serial port that is connected.

Wait to connect the port with the Termite software and we type in the command bar the command AT If all goes well, OK will appear as in figure above.

Step 6:

After this initial test we will configure the HC 12 module with the following parameters:

Serial communication speed: 9600 bps

Communication channel 5

Transmission power of 11 dBm

Operating mode FU3

Step 7:

After performing the configuration for the first module, we repeat the steps to configure the second module.

After configuring both modules, we can connect to the Arduino as shown in figure above for the transmitter and figure below for the receiver

The Arduino Uno will be the transmitter that will perform the reading of two buttons and when the button B0 is pressed, a command will be sent to light the red led and when button B1 is pressed the blue led will be lit.

To turn off the leds just press B0 or B1 to turn off the respective led.

Step 8:

In Arduino Uno we will have the B0 button connected to digital pin 2 of Arduino Uno and the B1 button connected to digital pin 3 of Arduino Uno.

Both buttons are activated at a low logic level when the buttons are pressed. To establish serial communication, we will use the library called Serial software to configure these pins 7 and 8 as serial communication pins, that is, we will emulate a serial communication by software. The HC 12 connection on the Arduino Nano that will be the receiver is the same as the transmitter circuit, the difference will be the presence of the LEDs on digital pins 4 and 3.

Step 9:

After assembling the transmitter and receiver circuits, we will program the two circuits.

Firstly, we have the transmitter code. The source code is presented below.

#include <SoftwareSerial.h> // Inclui a biblioteca Software Serial
SoftwareSerial HC12(8,7); // 8 RX vai ligado no Tx do modulo HC 12, 7 TX vai
ligado no RX do módulo
#define B0 2
#define B1 3
void setup()
{
 pinMode(B0,INPUT);
 pinMode(B1,INPUT);
 Serial.begin(9600);
 HC12.begin(9600);
}
void loop() 
{
 if(!digitalRead(B0))
 {
 Serial.println("B0 pressionado ");
 Serial.print('1');
 HC12.print('1');

 while(digitalRead(B0)==0);
 }
if(!digitalRead(B1))
 {
 Serial.println("B1 pressionado ");
 Serial.print('2');
 HC12.print('2');

 while(digitalRead(B1)==0);
 }
}<br>

First, we included the serial software library to be able to use any digital pin as a TX or RX pin to be used as a data transmitter.

#include <SoftwareSerial.h> // Inclui a biblioteca Software Serial

We create an object with the pins that will perform the serial communication.

SoftwareSerial HC12(8,7); // 8 RX vai ligado no Tx do modulo HC 12, 7 TX vai
ligado no RX do módulo<br>

We name pins 2 B0 and 3 B1 using define, as is shown below.

#define B0 2 
#define B1 3

In the void setup function, pins 2 and 3 are configured as inputs, configure the serial communication speed of the usb, and of the serial communication with the HC 12 module.

void setup()
{
 pinMode(B0,INPUT);
 pinMode(B1,INPUT);
 Serial.begin(9600);
 HC12.begin(9600);
}

After making the settings in the void setup function, go to the void loop function, which is where the logic of our program is.
In the void loop function, we read the buttons using digitalRead.

If the B0 button is pressed, it will send the value 1 to the HC 12 module, so that the module transmits this information to the receiving HC 12 through the air through electromagnetic waves.

void loop()
{
 if(!digitalRead(B0))
 {
 Serial.println("B0 pressionado ");
 Serial.print('1');
 HC12.print('1');

 while(digitalRead(B0)==0);
 }
if(!digitalRead(B1))
 {
 Serial.println("B1 pressionado ");
 Serial.print('2');
 HC12.print('2');

 while(digitalRead(B1)==0);
 }
}

Next, we will present the code of the receiver.

#include <SoftwareSerial.h> // Inclui a biblioteca Software Serial

SoftwareSerial HC12(8,7); // 8 RX vai ligado no Tx do modulo HC 12, 7 TX vai
ligado no RX do módulo

#define red 4
#define blue 3
char comando = 0;

void setup()
{
 pinMode(red,OUTPUT);
 pinMode(blue,OUTPUT);
 Serial.begin(9600);
 HC12.begin(9600);
 Serial.println("Receptor");
 digitalWrite(blue,1);
 delay(300);
 digitalWrite(blue,0);
 delay(300);
}

void loop()
{
 while(HC12.available()>0)
 {
 comando = HC12.read();
 Serial.println(comando);
 switch(comando)
 {
 case '1' : digitalWrite(red,!digitalRead(red));
 break;
 case '2': digitalWrite(blue,!digitalRead(blue));
 break;
 }
 }
}

The first task to be done in the receiver's code is to include the serial software library to be able to use pins 7 and 8 of the Arduino Nano to perform serial communication.

#include <SoftwareSerial.h> // Inclui a biblioteca Software Serial

We create an object with the pins that will perform the serial communication

SoftwareSerial HC12(8,7); // 8 RX vai ligado no Tx do modulo HC 12, 7 TX vai
ligado no RX do módulo 

We name pins 4 red and 3 blue using define, as is shown below.

#define red 4
#define blue 3

We declare the command variable of type char to perform the reading of the commands that come via serial through the HC 12 module.
We go to the void setup function to perform the settings of pins 4 and 3 as output and the serial communication speed of the HC 12 module and the USB port. We flash the blue led when we turn on the receiver.

void setup()
{
 pinMode(red,OUTPUT);
 pinMode(blue,OUTPUT);

 Serial.begin(9600);
 HC12.begin(9600);

 Serial.println("Receptor");

 digitalWrite(blue,1);
 delay(300);
 digitalWrite(blue,0);
 delay(300);
}

After making the settings in the void setup function, we go to the void loop function, which is where the logic of our program.

void loop ()
{
  while (HC12.available ()> 0)
  {
  command = HC12.read ();
  Serial.println (command);
  switch (command)
  {
  case '1': digitalWrite (red,! digitalRead (red));
  break;
  case '2': digitalWrite (blue,! digitalRead (blue));
  break;
  }
}
}

First, we check if there is any information coming through the HC 12 while serial module (HC12.available ()> 0)
And stay in that while checking if there is information coming in the serial. If it exists, we use the command variable to read the HC 12 module serial.

command = HC12.read ();

To debug what we are receiving from the serial I write on the serial monitor what we are receiving through the HC 12 module.

Serial.println(comando);

After checking the information being received, we make a comparison using the switch conditional structure.

switch(comando)
 {
 case '1' : digitalWrite(red,!digitalRead(red));
 break;
 case '2': digitalWrite(blue,!digitalRead(blue));
 break;
 }

Step 10:

In the figure above, we have the physical assembly of the transmitter circuit.

The blue button is the B0 button and the B1 button is the green button. In the figure we have the physical assembly of the receiver circuit.
So that you can assemble this project, we created a printed circuit board. Next, we present the transmitter module board and the receiver module board.

Step 11: NEXTPCB Printed Circuit Board

We created a NEXTPCB printed circuit board for you to assemble your project. With it, you can connect the buttons and the HC12 module to the printed circuit board.

The transmitter board is shown below. You can download the NEXTPCB Files in the link.

Step 12:

Above is presented the Electronic Schematic for each NEXTPCB Printed Circuit Board.

Now, from these electronic schemes, you will be able to build your project and create any type of remote load control.

Step 13: Conclusion

In this article, we learned how to configure the HC 12 module to perform communication between microcontrollers to drive devices over long distances.

In our experiment, we activate LEDs, but we can activate any device. To do this, you need to use a power interface to supply enough current to drive the desired load.

Access this link and earn your 10 FREE PCB's with NEXTPCB PCB Factory.

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