Introduction: Economy Plywood Turntable
Make it Move. This was my actual challenge. This is a serendipitous project borne out of stumbling across a super cheap & probably super "crappy" turntable mechanism. Less than 20€ for a turntable. Wow.
You need one of these to complete the project, or you may need to tear apart a salvage turntable.
So, I wanted to make, both turntable and standalone record player. This project would be a lot simpler, without the addition of an onboard amp and speakers.
The Caveats - Look at my list of parts!! - This ended up costing a lot more than I thought. Most components were only available in Multi Packs... so the reality is, THE NEXT ONE will be super economical. I now have a huge box of spare parts, maybe for another project!
This instructable is really "food for thought" and not a precise how-to. It is to help people brain storm how to revive a broken turntable, make a new turntable, adapt a turntable etc,
So after I bought this dreaded turntable mechanism, (Semoic 28cm Metal Turntable) I faced the challenge...how do I make it move.
No power supply, no outputs, no inputs... just a strange 6 pin connector.
The key to follow this instructable is to purchase the first item, which is basically a cheap €20 turntable mechanism. Everything else, can be cobbled together.
Turntable Mechanism & Motor
Semoic 28Cm Metal Turntable 33/45/78Rpm Automatic Curve Arm Return Record Player Turntable Gramophone for Lp Vinyl Record Player
Amp (Only required for standalone player functionality)
2Pcs Digital Amplifier Board, TPA3116D2 Dual Channel Audio Stereo AMP High Power Digital Subwoofer Power Amplifier Board 2x50W 5V 12V 24V
Male to Female Adaptor
Tomost 3.5mm Male to Female Cable Audio Headphone Extension Cord - 20cm Sold by: Laomi
12 V Input Jack
Xgeek® 10 pairs 5.5mm x 2.1mm 12V DC Power Male & Female Jack Connector Plug Adapter Adaptor for CCTV Camera (10 pairs Male & Female)
XLX 560Pcs 2.54mm JST-XHP 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 Pin housing and Female/male Pin Head Connector Adapter Plug Set
Cartridge Head - Visual Only - Not required
Cartridge Holder Accessories,Universal LP Phono Cartridge Replacement Phonograph Head Holder Stylus Lead Wire Gramophone Cartridge Holder,Turntable
AC 100-240V to DC 12V 3A Power Adapter Supply 5.5mm x 2.1mm for CCTV Cameras DVR NVR LED Light Strip UK CE BS
NATEE 10PCS Heavy Duty Rocker Toggle Switch 15A 250V SPST 2 Pin ON/OFF Switch Metal Bat Waterproof Boot Cap Cover Mini Rocker Switch
Cork Turntable Mat for Vinyl LP Record Deck Platter
Speakers (Only required for standalone player functionality)
CQRobot Speaker 3 Watt 8 Ohm for Arduino, JST-PH2.0 Interface. It is Ideal for a Variety of Small Electronic Projects.
Black Metal Knob (Only required for standalone player functionality)
Taiss/ 2pcs Black Aluminum Rotary Electronic Control Potentiometer Knob For 6 mm Diameter Shaft, Volume Control Knob, Audio knob, Guitar Knob.
18mm Birch Ply
The nicest most edible plywood you can get!
Preciva Crimper Plier Set, 0.25-10mm²/AWG23-10 Self-Adjustable Ratchat Wire Crimping Tool with 1200 Wire Terminal Crimp Connectors and Wire End Ferrules
Scroll Saw, Bandsaw, or Jigsaw
Step 1: The Plan - How to Make It Move!
Once I figured out the dreaded 6 Pin Connector, on the dreaded base.
R (Right Channel Output)
L (Left Channel Output)
G (Ground For Output)
C (Some kind of control)
G (Ground For 12V DC In)
V (Power for 12 V DC in)
I the needed to figure out what on earth I could use to connect to it. After a lot of googling I figure out that it was a 6 pin JST male connection. So all I needed was a single 6 pin JST female connector, which I got in a gigantic box full of various JST connectors.
I drew a 1:1 mockup / circuit diagram, to help figure this out in my head.
Connecting the channels Out to the corresponding pins on a mini amp.
Connecting the 12V DC to both the AMP and the Motor
Adding inline switches on the 12V DC live wire.
Adding Speakers to the outputs on the AMP.
Adding a loose output connection for a REAL AMP!!!
I wont go into too much detail on this, the fun is in the working out. It is extremely tedious to terminate the JST connections, and 100% requires a crimper. I have included the crimper I purchased in the Tools list at the start.
Honestly, for something that looked extremely complicated, when its broken down into it's constituent components, it's just a few very simple connections, and logical leaps that anyone familiar with a home stereo would make.
Step 2: The Fun Stuff
After Marking out the shape of the sandwiched plywood enclosure I do the following.
1. Screw the 3 boards together, in inconspicuous locations, so the outer cut of all three boards is the exact same.
2. Cut the outer cuts. I used a band saw, ajig saw would do here. there is plenty of tidy up sanding required in any case. You want super clean cuts on ply, so if using a jigsaw, i would suggest putting masking tape, on the cutting line, or even sandwiching the whole assembly between 2 sacrificial plywood boards, to ensure a super clean cut and no frayed edges on the top and bottom.
3. Cut the inner cuts, using the turntable mechanism as a template.
4. The Glue up - Find as many clamps as you can, and as much wood glue as you can and go nuts.
Step 3: The Red Herring
For some reason, I thought, "wouldnt it be nice if the platter was made from plywood also"
Off I went to cut out a perfect circle platter, and a perfect circle pulley wheel, to sit beneath the platter.
Its worth noting the process :
1. See my circle cutter base that I made for my router. Scrap plywood, screwed into router base.
2. A number of incremental passes with a straight cutter bit.
3. Leave say 4mm. Cut the remainder out roughly on a bandsaw.
4. Use a flush trim bit for the reamining piece. Leaving you, a PERFECT CIRCLE, with a PERFECT CENTERPOINT.
It certainly looked good, but untimately was a load of ABSOLUTE NONSENSE, that even if it had have worked with the motor provided, ended up adding far too much height to the central spindle. It alsowould have required a hollowing out of the "pulley" to allow the "arm-return" feature to click in.
Im afraid it was back to the plastic platter. However, the failures are an important part of the process to document.
Step 4: Pulling It All Together
In order to truly complete the wiring beyond test circuits, holes must be drilled in the plywood plinth, to accommodate switches, input, output, and volume control. I took care in the setout of these parts, as the devil is in the detail.
At some point before this, obviously play a record, and satisfy yourself that your circuit works.
Note, the stainless steel rocker type switches work well with the semi industrial plywood aesthetic. I toyed between keeping the "on / off" signage, and ultimately removed it.
Note, from photographs, how i cheekily extended the volume control knob, using a bolt off cut, and hacksaw, to splice an extension onto the existing control.
I purchased a cork turntable mat, which i trimmed perfectly to size, using the plastic platter as a template.
Step 5: Finishing Touches & Epilogue
One coat of Matt Varnish - and the job was complete.
The in built speakers and amp, are tinny, and really, novelty only. I naively thought that, they would be better, however running through my Technics Amp, this turntable sounds absolutely fine, to my untrained ears.
I have a new heavy weight pressing of Nirvana Unplugged in NewYork, amongst my vinyl collection which was begging to be played, after my vintage Beogram decided to only play through one channel. I'm very happy to lovingly play my small vinyl collection again.
This is NOT a project for an audiophile, rather a project for a curious tinkerer, perhaps one with the odd record, lying around, looking for one last spin.
The seductive quality of the "20 Euro" Turntable...ultimately cost maybe €60 - No doubt it is on par with similar cost new devices, however, it certainly looks good in my living room!
Runner Up in the
Make it Move Contest 2020