Introduction: Espresso on the Go - Perfect Battery Powered Makineta
This is my best project so far!
Watch the teaser video :)
1. Are you tired of the same Starbucks style - Brewed coffee?
2. How long has it been since you had the perfect Espresso cup?
3. Wouldn't you want a great coffee on those long hikes or just like that in the office?
4. Is it available to you on demand?
For me the answers are:
2. Too long.
Today we are going to solve all these issues. But first, as always, a little story.
I came to the US around six months ago. Back home I had this perfect electric makineta in the office, also known as moka pot: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moka_pot
It was always there and delivered the perfect cup of espresso each time it was needed. In US these are less common and the coffee is usually dripped, in LARGE cups... It may be an acquired taste but I didn't really get used to the local coffee. Of course, there is this corner coffee shop that makes the perfect cup and can save the day, but it is never an everyday thing.
The obvious solution for me was makineta. It's been around for ages, proven, sturdy, make an excellent coffee with steam pressure and all is needed is a nearby stove to make it work :) Or you can take it for your next hike and make yourself coffee on the portable stove/burner.
These work. There is the fire source thing but they work, and they work perfectly. However, I wanted something that is more versatile, available on demand and modern. Equally useful in the office and on the hike.
So, today we are going to connect makineta to battery and make a perfect solution for the above issues.
Let's get to work!
Step 1: The Things You Will Need
First thing first, you need to have a makineta to work with. You may have one already, I didn't. Therefore I bought one from eBay for around 10$ shipped, I opted for the 1cup version.
This is the one that I have:
Next, you will need some heat elements:
I know, I know, it says 220V in the title, disregard this. It is 12V version, just go into the description. I used all three elements.
Next, thermal grease: http://www.banggood.com/35g-Grey-Thermal-Paste-Gre...
In addition, pair of XT60 connectors: http://www.banggood.com/One-Pair-Male-Female-XT60-...
You will need two types of epoxy, that can withstand high temperatures, these are the ones that I've used,
Two components and the "putty" type:
I assume you have a scrap heat shrink tubing. If not, this one will last you a lifetime:
Batteries, we will talk about batteries a little later
Finally, you will need some kind of insulated base to house the heat elements and provide base for the makineta. I used a tree branch that I've found. Any thick enough wood will work.
Dremel tool - highly recommended
Files and sanding paper
Press drill - highly recommended
Step 2: Parallel or in Series?
First you have to decide how the heat elements will be wired.
I did a quick side wiring, once in parallel - shared voltage, split current, and once in series - shared current, split voltage. And connected a 12v battery.
In series won. It heated much faster, eventually that is what I wanted.
Finally I did a check as to what temperature these elements go, it went beyond 100degC (212degF), which is important if you want to boil water :)
In picture, the thermometer is in degC
Step 3: Fitting the Makineta Into the Base
In this part we will create a fit between the wood base and the moka pot.
I was lucky enough to have access to press drill. With end drill bit and the dimensions of your pot, it is really a simple task. Other option is to use router bit on your dremel tool or a router if you have one.
The pictures really tell the whole story. One thing to note is that the resultant cavity has to be flat in order not to stress the heat elements and to have horizontal fit for the pot.
Once you have your cavity, dry fit the heat elements and finally drill the holes for the wires to come out.
Step 4: Cut Channels for the Wire, Glue in the Heat Elements, Trim the Wires, Add Connector
Next step is to cut the channels to bury the wires from the element.
I did it with cut-off dremel wheel.
Once the cutting is done, we will glue in the elements. The exact epoxy brand doesn't matter, I'm just showing what I have used. Just make sure it withstands higher temperatures, the one in the picture holds up to 300degF.
Two component epoxy was used to glue the elements to the base.
After it had cured, I quickly checked for connectivity and functionality, just to make sure everything is still working.
Next, trim the wires, heat shrink the solder joints and solder in the battery connector.
The connector is held in place by "putty" type epoxy (the JB weld) I find this type is much better at fixing pieces in place than the two component one.
Step 5: Place in Your Moka Pot, Putty Around, File Flat and "decorate"
Once all the wires are tucked away in the channels, add some tape to hold them in place.
Now apply the thermal grease to the elements and put on the makineta base. The grease will make the heating process more efficient.
Once you are happy with the orientation, apply our "putty" epoxy on the perimeter, this will hold it firmly in place.
After it has dried out, file the excess, clean up.
I applied some foam adhesive tape all around to hide the metallic film. It looks much better
Step 6: Let's Talk About Batteries
Initially when I started this project, I wanted to use this battery, just because I had it around with no use:
It did not work, it just cannot support the current needed.
Then, I went with 3s LiPo to get around 12V with higher currents support. It was really weak, took forever to boil.
Next I assembled 5s battery out of 18650 cells. It was better but still not what I was looking for.
I wanted to go higher, but I don't have any means to charge bigger batteries.
So, finally I assembled two 4s batteries out of 18650 cells, and did an additional harness to connect them in series to the pot. This configuration does the magic at around 5 min.
If you want to go this way, you will probably need more XT connectors:
If you have a 8s battery, you are certainly welcome to use it.
Step 7: Future Thoughts...
I was extremely happy with the outcome! It really is what I was looking for.
I consider this a concept proof.
I was already thinking bigger, for example this heat element:
Can support bigger pot, maybe make it a buddies pot :)
I will definitely make a v2 of this one.
5 years ago
OMG MY SAVIOUR ! lol
As a HUGE coffee fan ive been searching for a solution to have a "portable" cup of espresso on the go or in the workplace/garage/workshop - this is just fantastic !
Awesome ingenuity, well done, very impressed and my first introduction to this Moka Coffee maker !!!
Thanks Loads for the instructable, on the mission to collect parts now, looking forward to a V2 should you get around to making one :))
A note on Lipo batteries, i think if ive read it right, youve got a 4S2P config, basically 4 Series and 2 Parallel battery-stack..
There are intelligent chargers that can charge these configurations of battery packs but it would be highly advisable to use protection circuitry if making your own battery packs, BMS Battery Protection circuits (with balance circuit incl) are very cheap, its just finding a charger that can charge these DIY Battery packs safely like the IMAX B6
18650's dont always have individual protection circuits too, so make sure that you have the right protection circuitry when using Lipo batteries as these are very dangerous if you dont have the extra protection
A fantastic illustrative webpage here can show how to wire up DIY Lipo packs safely and how/where to add the IMAX B6 charging cable so you dont need to take apart the pack to be charged
Looking forward to making this !!
Reply 5 years ago
Thank you for this, I'm glad to solve your coffee problem along with mine :)
The battery is wired as 8s1p to increase voltage, and I always charge them with smart charger.
Here is V2:
It is slightly simpler if you have a 3D printer.