Introduction: How to Install Operating System on Raspberry Pi
A Raspberry Pi is a small computer that can be plugged into a computer monitor and uses a standard keyboard and mouse enables the user to learn more about programming. You can build your own Internet of Things device with it.
A Raspberry Pi like the most other computer doesn't work without an Operating System. An operating system is a is a program that is loaded into the memory after starting a computer and controls the hardware.
To get the operating system on a Rasberry Pi, you need:
- Raspberry Pi
- SD card (preferably a clean one)
- A working computer (I have done it myself on a Windows computer)
Ad first you must get the operating system on an SD card before you can put it in de Raspberry Pi. Therefore you need an IMG file, so you can put the Operating System on the SD card. I have put the manual in steps:
Step 1 to 6: are helping you with downloading the IMG file.
Step 7 to 11: Is getting the chosen operating system (Raspbian) on the SD card.
Step 12 to 15: The SD card put into the Raspberry Pi
I have chosen for the IMG file (Win32 Disk Imager) and operating system (Raspbian) because they are well known. Therefore is there for you more information for you, if you want to look into something.
Step 1: Download Win32 Disk Imager
The first step to get an operating system on a Raspberry Pi is to download Win32 Disk Imager. Win32 Disk Imager is an application that is making it possible to place an operating system on an SD card.
Download Win32DiskImager for the Raspberry Pi from http://sourceforge.net/projects/win32diskimager/f...
When you have downloaded the file it will be in a zip file (most likely in your Downloads), you must unpack this and extract to go further and click on the setup.
Step 2: Run the Setup
This is what you getting to see when you have opened the download of the Win32 Disk Imager.
Run the setup and agree to the terms of the license.
Step 3: Place and Name for Your Program
3.1 Select the folder you would like to install the program. This is all to you, in which place you want to put it on your computer.
3.2 You have the option to name the folder or select a different one, we suggest to keep the name as suggested by the program.
Step 4: Desktop Shortcut
Choose whether you’d like to have a desktop shortcut (you can always place a shortcut later).
Step 5: Confirm
A confirmation screen will come up after selecting next to summarize your preferences, click on Install.
Step 6: Completing Win32 Disk Imager
As it’s a light program the installation will be done quickly as such the end screen will pop up and asks if you’d like to run the program directly. Now we will not run the program as we need the OS file also to be downloaded.
Step 7: Downloading the Operating System
Download the Raspberry PI OS called Raspbian from https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian and I recommend the Raspbian Stretch Lite as it’s the stripped down version which is much smaller to download.
Step 8: Unpack the Download
Once downloaded you need to unpack the .rar file and place it in a folder so it can be used for the installation as such as above.
Step 9: Insert SD Card
Insert your SD Card and then run Win32DiskImager.exe.
Step 10: Select the File
Select the file you’ve just downloaded by browsing towards the directory you have chosen to.
Step 11: Downloaded
Once selected your image has been loaded and its time to write the file to the sd card.
Once it completes you are ready to go, insert your SD card into the Raspberry Pi. After you’ve popped in the SD card the OS will run (this is done automatically) and the Raspberry PI is ready to be used.
Step 12: Plug in to the Raspberry Pi
12.1 When you have popped the SD card into the Raspberry Pi. You can also insert things like a monitor, mouse, and keyboard. Now you have your own little computer. But there are a few little more steps to finish.
12.2 It can take a little time that the Raspberry Pi boots up the system.
12.3 When you see the last photo you can click on next.
Step 13: Set Country
The next thing you are seeing is setting your locations. That's in handy for language, time zone, and keyboard and other international settings.
Step 14: Password
Think of your own password, because it's in a default mode.
Step 15: Almost Done
The last step is that you update the software, so the operating system and application will be checked and when necessary be updated.
Congratulations you can now start with building your own IoT device with Raspberry Pi.