How to Make NTP Clock Using ESP8266 and 74HC595 [V1.0]

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Introduction: How to Make NTP Clock Using ESP8266 and 74HC595 [V1.0]

About: someone who likes electronics Yt channel : https://www.youtube.com/c/mrsottong IG 1 : sottong_teknik

The main controller in this project is the ESP8266 which is contained in the Wemos D1 Mini Module. With integrated WiFi in it, it allows many things to be done. One of them is making a clock using NTP (Network Time Protocol). NTP can be used to sync all network devices to UTC Time in a few milliseconds. By using NTP, clock making does not need an additional DS1307 module to get time data.

This clock consists of 4 digit numbers. 2 numbers represent the hour and 2 more numbers represent the minutes. The second is indicated by 2 LEDs that are between the hour and minute digits. Dispaly component to display digit numbers using 7-Segment CA.

My clock circuit is divided into two modules. First is the display module which contains display components. The second is the controller module which contains the control components

Step 1: Components Needed

  1. Controller Module
  2. Display Module
  3. Casing
    • 3D Desain (download below)
    • Base from 3D Printer

Step 2: Schematics and Layouts

Schematics and layouts were created using the Eagle 9.6.2 application. I've provided you with the original eagle file and the PDF files for the schematic and layout. You can download the file in the attachment at this step.

Step 3: Transfer Layout to PCB

Here are the steps for transferring the layout to the PCB that I use. The images that I provide in this section have been sorted according to the steps I mentioned below :

  1. Print layouts on HVS paper using a laser printer.
  2. Attach the layout paper to the PCB.
  3. Spray a mosquito repellent lotion solution and water onto the layout paper.
  4. Cover the paper with Mica plastic and rub the paper with coins.
  5. Remove the paper from the PCB and make sure the ink layout is on the PCB

Step 4: Etching PCB

The liquid material used for etching PCB is a mixture of Water, H2O2 and HCL with a ratio of 4: 2: 1.

  1. put the PCB in the solvent. Shake the solvent container to speed up the process.
  2. if it is dissolved, take the PCB and wash it using water.
  3. Drill holes for the component legs

Step 5: Asemmbly Component

Assemble all the components according to the given scheme. When finished, the Module will look like in the image above

Step 6: Sketch

Application used : Visual Studio Code + Platformio

Library yang perlu diwonload : -

Time (TimeLib.h)

sketch can be downloaded below

#include <Arduino.h>

/************************************************************** /
Made by : Mr. Sottong

****************************************************************/
#include <TimeLib.h>
#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <WiFiUdp.h>
#include "Ticker.h"

Ticker Timer500ms;



//WiFi variables............................................................
const char ssid[] = "xxx"; //your network SSID (name)
const char pass[] = "yyy"; // your network password

// NTP Servers:
static const char ntpServerName[] = "us.pool.ntp.org";
//static const char ntpServerName[] = "time-b.timefreq.bldrdoc.gov";//static const char ntpServerName[] = "time-a.timefreq.bldrdoc.gov";
// static const char ntpServerName[] = "server 0.id.pool.ntp.org";

float timeZone = 7; //+7 GMT

WiFiUDP Udp;
unsigned int localPort = 8888; // local port to listen for UDP packets

time_t getNtpTime();
void sendNTPpacket(IPAddress &address);

//OTHER variables................................................................
//Pin connected to ST_CP / Pin 12 of 74HC595
int latchPin = 0; //D3
//Pin connected to SH_CP / Pin 11 of 74HC595
int clockPin = 5; //D1
////Pin connected to DS / Pin 14 of 74HC595
int dataPin = 4; //D2
//Pin connected to LED
int LEDpin = 2; //D4

//Seven Segment
unsigned long d1[10] = {0x8140,0xcf40,0x9240,0x8640,0xcc40,0xa440,0xa040,0x8f40,0x8040,0x8440};
unsigned long d2[10] = {0x8120,0xcf20,0x9220,0x8620,0xcc20,0xa420,0xa020,0x8f20,0x8020,0x8420};
unsigned long d3[10] = {0x8110,0xcf10,0x9210,0x8610,0xcc10,0xa410,0xa010,0x8f10,0x8010,0x8410};
unsigned long d4[10] = {0x8108,0xcf08,0x9208,0x8608,0xcc08,0xa408,0xa008,0x8f08,0x8008,0x8408};

bool Led = 0;

/*-------- NTP code ----------*/

const int NTP_PACKET_SIZE = 48; // NTP time is in the first 48 bytes of message
byte packetBuffer[NTP_PACKET_SIZE]; //buffer to hold incoming & outgoing packets

time_t getNtpTime() {
IPAddress ntpServerIP; // NTP server's ip address

while (Udp.parsePacket() > 0) ; // discard any previously received packets
// get a random server from the pool
WiFi.hostByName(ntpServerName, ntpServerIP);
sendNTPpacket(ntpServerIP);
uint32_t beginWait = millis();
while (millis() - beginWait < 1600) {
int size = Udp.parsePacket();
if (size >= NTP_PACKET_SIZE) {
Udp.read(packetBuffer, NTP_PACKET_SIZE); // read packet into the buffer
unsigned long secsSince1900;
// convert four bytes starting at location 40 to a long integer
secsSince1900 = (unsigned long)packetBuffer[40] << 24;
secsSince1900 |= (unsigned long)packetBuffer[41] << 16;
secsSince1900 |= (unsigned long)packetBuffer[42] << 8;
secsSince1900 |= (unsigned long)packetBuffer[43];
return secsSince1900 - 2208988800UL + timeZone * SECS_PER_HOUR;
}
}
return 0; // return 0 if unable to get the time
}

// send an NTP request to the time server at the given address
void sendNTPpacket(IPAddress &address) {
// set all bytes in the buffer to 0
memset(packetBuffer, 0, NTP_PACKET_SIZE);
// Initialize values needed to form NTP request
// (see URL above for details on the packets)
packetBuffer[0] = 0b11100011; // LI, Version, Mode
packetBuffer[1] = 0; // Stratum, or type of clock
packetBuffer[2] = 6; // Polling Interval
packetBuffer[3] = 0xEC; // Peer Clock Precision
// 8 bytes of zero for Root Delay & Root Dispersion
packetBuffer[12] = 49;
packetBuffer[13] = 0x4E;
packetBuffer[14] = 49;
packetBuffer[15] = 52;
// all NTP fields have been given values, now
// you can send a packet requesting a timestamp:
Udp.beginPacket(address, 123); //NTP requests are to port 123
Udp.write(packetBuffer, NTP_PACKET_SIZE);
Udp.endPacket();
}

void printDigits(int value) {
int th = value / 1000;
int hun = value / 100;
int tens = value / 10;

// if (th == 0) {
// thByte = 0;
// }
// else {
// thByte = th % 10;
// }


digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW); //THOUSANDS - Ribuan - jam
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, d4[th]);
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, d4[th]>>8);
digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
delay(1);

digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW); //HUNDREDS - Ratusan - jam
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, d3[hun % 10]);
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, d3[hun % 10]>>8);
digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
delay(1);

digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW); //TENS - Puluhan - menit
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, d2[tens % 10]);
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, d2[tens % 10]>>8);
digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
delay(1);

digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW); //ONES - satuan - menit
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, d1[(value % 10)]);
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, d1[(value % 10)]>>8);
digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
delay(1);
}

void wifinc(){

//animation when wifi is not connected

int on = 0b0000000001111000;
int off = 0b0000000000000000;

digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW);
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, on);
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, on>>8);
digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
delay(100);
digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW);
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, off);
shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST, off>>8);
digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);
delay(100);




}

void Setiap500ms(){
Led = !Led;
}

void setup() {
//Serial begin
Serial.begin(115200);

//set pins to output so you can control the shift register
pinMode(latchPin, OUTPUT);
pinMode(clockPin, OUTPUT);
pinMode(dataPin, OUTPUT);
pinMode(LEDpin, OUTPUT);
Udp.begin(localPort);
WiFi.begin(ssid, pass);
while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
delay ( 500 );
Serial.print ( "." );
wifinc();
}

setSyncProvider(getNtpTime);
setSyncInterval(360);
if (hour() == 0 && second() < 3) {
setSyncProvider(getNtpTime);
}

Timer500ms.attach_ms (500,Setiap500ms);

}

void loop() {

printDigits(int(hour() * 100 + minute()));
digitalWrite(LEDpin,Led); //Led Detik
if(Led == 1){
Serial.println(int(hour() * 100 + minute()));
}
}

Step 7: Flash Wemos D1 Mini

Connect your Wemos D1 Mini to your Computer or laptop using a micro USB cable. Flash with the firmware already provided

Step 8: Last Step

After the Wemos D1 Mini is flashed. Combine the display module and the controller module into one like the picture above.

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