Introduction: How to Make an Artistic 'J' Rocket From Scrap Metal - Rooster/Cockerel Rocket
Start by watching the film, so as to get an idea of the whole project and also to see the 'J' rocket in action!
8 years ago I made a rocket stove for using whilst working in the garden and also to avoid having to light our wood cooker just to make a coffee. The burn tube and chimney were fabricated from some scrap mild steel pipe 4" in (102mm) diameter and this was installed in an empty steel cooking oil drum donated by a caterer at an Autumn fair. I insulated the pipe by packing wood ash around it and made a burn shelf from some scrap mild steel sheet on which the fuel would sit.
The results were encouraging in that water could be brought to the boil in around 10 minutes. The fire had to be continuously monitored as the fuel needed to be fed into the burn area. The combustion was smoke free when properly tended and the consumption of twigs was low.
4" (10cm) internal diameter steel pipe
Old window locking bar or similar half-round or flat ½" (1cm) steel bar
Tools and Equipment:
Welder (Manual Metal Arc or MIG) and welding rods, plus safety equipment: - welding mask, gloves, fire bucket or extinguisher
Angle grinder with cutting and grinding discs, safety equipment: - ear defenders and safety glasses
Step 1: L to J
We converted our old rocket, so I'll take you through that because even though you may be starting from scratch, it is the same process. The photos above also give a breakdown of the classic rocket, should you wish to make one of those.
The advantage of the switch to the 'J' format was that the fuel, being held in the vertical (the short leg of the 'J'), would gravity feed into the combustion region of the burn tube, that region would preheat the incoming fuel prior to ignition thus making a fast, clean burn without the need of manual feeding. I should stress that the amount of human management of the combustion in the original horizontal feed only arose because of the small diameter of the fuel I was burning. Larger rocket stoves burning bigger branches require much less frequent attention.
The new stove comprised 3 lengths of pipe; feed tube, burn chamber and flue/chimney. Reading around I found that an ideal ratio for the lengths would be 1:2:4 the latter being the flue length which could be longer to generate more draft. The pipe internal diameter would be the principal unit in the ratio meaning that the three pipe lengths for feed, combustion and flue tubes would be: 4", 8" and 16" (102mm, 204mm, 408mm) respectively.
Obviously, I decided to re-use the original welded pipe to give me the first two zones of the new stove so the only additional pipe was that for the flue.
Step 2: Cutting and Welding the Pipes to Form the 'J'
The pipes were cut to a 45° angle at the joining faces to produce the right-angle mitred joint. The proximity of the two vertical sections of the arrangement did give me some concern as I thought it could give a problem with the accessibility for welding, ultimately this proved not to be the case but I feel it is worthy of mention. I also decided to cut the open end of the feed tube to 45°. Once welded, I was able to check weld integrity by supporting the J vertically and filling the pipes to above the welds with water.
Step 3: Making the Legs
Legs for the stove were cut from mild steel bar removed from some old windows. I decided to use three legs as this configuration is the most stable when on an uneven surface. Two legs were welded at the flue side of the stove at an angle of 45° and I used the mitred weld as the guide for correctly positioning the first leg. The third leg was welded vertically down the feed tube.
I wanted all three legs to be cranked out from the stove body so as to have a more stable geometry. I laid the assembly on its side and slid a steel tube along the first of the flue-legs. By keeping my foot firmly on the leg that was touching the ground, I could bend the leg out from the stove body.
For the second leg on that end of the stove I turned the stove over, supporting the stove flue on a piece of steel I use as an anvil. Again using the steel pipe, I could bend it out to the same angle.
The third leg had been cut oversize and once bent, I stood the stove up on its three legs to determine the correct length and cut off the surplus.
Step 4: Making the Pot Stand
Finally I needed to attach a pot support above the open end of the flue. The distance of the base of the kettle/saucepan from the open end of the flue had to be sufficient so as not to impede the flow of the out-flowing gases of combustion. I calculated the height by determining the area of the stove flue and converting this to the wall surface area of a cylinder of the same diameter i.e. Area=πr²=2πrh cancelling h=r/2 which equated to 1" (25mm).
Using the same bar as for the legs, I bent 3 short lengths to a right-angle and welded them, equally spaced at the flue top and to a height of 1" above the flue.
Prior to the first run I dressed all the welds with an angle grinder.
Step 5: Testing...Testing...
Now for the acid test. A small amount of paper was lit and dropped down the fuel feed tube, rapidly followed by the addition of small pieces of wood. Initially, the flame exited out of the open end of the feed tube, a quick fanning action with a piece of card above the feed tube produced sufficient draft to drive the flames DOWN and into the burn tube. This immediately started the 'rocket' action, the hot gases passing up the flue furnished the strong draft into the burn tube to produce the hot flame and roaring sound of a functioning rocket stove. Satisfied with the successful first burn the real test began.....time for coffee.
Step 6: The Rooster Rocket Is Hatched
At the time of enjoying our first coffee, Sue noticed that the stove, with the fresh fuel sticking out of the feed tube, had a marked resemblance to a rooster or cockerel and by welding two shaped pieces of the window bar to the flue for the beak and the addition of two spots of weld on the sides of the flue to represent the eyes, the 'Rooster Rocket' came into being.
The stove has now been used regularly over the last month and from cold, boiling water enough for two mugs of coffee is obtained in about 8 minutes. The great thing is we are burning thin twigs and rose prunings which we would find difficult to feed into our cooker or our Godin stove. The fuel feeds in without assistance and definitely produces a clean combustion providing it is bone dry. The great thing with this size stove is that it is portable enough to store in a corner of the greenhouse and can be brought out for use in seconds.
Hope you enjoyed this project and if you make one please post pictures.
For all kinds of recyling/upcycling, cheap and cheerful off-the-grid projects:
Youtube - Organikmechanic
Site - The Green Lever
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