Introduction: How to Run Sensor Cables Through USB Cables
You might have noticed that Phidgets sensor cables (and other sorts of electrical cabling) don’t always come in a convenient round shape, which you sometimes need. A relatively easy solution is to grab a length of USB cable and solder the sensor cable wires onto the USB wires, and here are some easy instructions to get it working.
Step 1: Materials
To make a cable, you’ll need:
- One or two Phidgets sensor cables
- A USB cable of appropriate length for your project
- Heat shrink (or electrical tape)
- Solder and soldering iron
- Wire strippers and wire cutters
Step 2: Cut and Strip the Wire
Cut off the ends of the USB cable. Strip 2-3 cm of the outer plastic, as well as the shielding. On each wire inside, strip 3mm off the end.
Cut the sensor cable in half, strip 3mm off the end of each wire.
Step 3: Solder
Cut one piece of wide (7mm diameter) heat shrink to 7cm and four pieces of narrow (2mm diameter) heat shrink to 3cm long each. Put the larger piece over the entire USB cable for later. Put the narrow pieces over each individual USB wire.
You can run up to two sensor cables through a USB 2.0 cable. The power (red) and grounds (black) will be shared. Make sure you clearly label which analog input (white wire of the Phidgets sensor cable) will be run through which wire in the USB cable (green or white), so you don’t mix them up on the other end.
Solder the cables together: black to black, red to red, and white to white (or green).
Step 4: Heat Shrink
Use the heat shrink (or electrical tape) to insulate the exposed wire.
Step 5: Heat Shrink (Second Pass)
You can then do another pass of heat shrink (or electrical tape) to tie everything together, but this is more of an aesthetic improvement.
Step 6: Repeat
Repeat for the other end of the cable.
If this worked for you, or if you have other suggestions that have proven successful, please leave a comment, or let us know that you've done it.
Originally posted on the Phidgets blog.