Introduction: How to Write a Fairy Tale
Once upon a time, they lived happily ever after.
When I hear those first four words, I am all ears. It's fairy tale time! What's today's story? Will it be about a pretty princess, rescued by her amazing Prince Charming? Will we hear of a child who gets lost in the woods? A sweet, talking animal, perhaps? Or a magical queen who is hated by everyone else?
Fairy tales are my favourite stories in the world.They're short and they're sweet, and we know them complete. Most fairy tales are old, very old indeed, but they've never ceased to be popular. New ones are written and rewritten every day. It seems like there will never be enough of them.
So, have you always wanted to write a fairy tale, but have you never known where to start? Or do you think you've got what it takes to be the next Grimm sibling, or Hans Christian Andersen? Then read on! In this Instructable, I will tell you how to write a fairy tale. Just follow these easy steps, and start writing!
Step 1: The Magic Ingredients: What You Need
You can't write a fairy tale without the necessities: pen and paper. You need to doodle, take notes, and write things down. Lots of things.
The other thing you need may sound obvious, but is nevertheless quintessential: fairy tales. Take them all. Buy them all. Read them all. You can only write your own version when you know the source material. It might also help to read secondary literary about fairy tales, because they will show you fairy tales in a different light . In order to write a good fairy tale, it's important to know the source material. Take a look at the picture for some reading suggestions.
In the following step, I will share the elements that are needed for a fairy tale. Let's call it Fairy Tales for Dummies. Read on!
Step 2: Fairy Tale Essentials: Pick Your Plot
Fairy tales are both the easiest and the hardest stories to write: they're short. They range from one page to five at the very most. And because they're short, there's no time to have fully-developed characters, or exquisite storylines that might eventually earn you a Nobel Prize for Literature. Instead, fairy tales are filled with archetypes, or even what we now consider clichés.
While I was doing my research for this Instructable, I noticed that most fairy tales follow one of two basic plots. Needless to say, there are many more plots and variations on them, but these two are the easiest two use in your very own fairy tale.
The first one, called Rags to Riches, is about a poor person, hated by their family or the entire society, but somehow manages to climb the social ladder and eventually even ends up as a member of the royal family.
The second one is called Overcoming the Monster. As you might have guessed, it's about how the hero is threatened by a monster or an evil being, and sets out to slay it. Obviously, they succeed and live happily ever after.
So, the first step you have to take is to pick one of these plots. I found that both of these plots make use of three basic elements: a hero, a conflict, and a solution. If you have these, you're good to go. In the following steps, I will delve a bit deeper into each of them.
Note: I've borrowed the title of these plots from Christopher Booker's book The Seven Basic Plots - it's quite interesting.
Step 3: "The Fairest of All" - the Good
The first thing you need to pick when you want to write is a hero, the one who we all root for, the one who will save the world and will live happily ever after, and find their true love. Here's what they're like:
All heroes are beautiful. That's a fact. Snow White is beautiful, and so are the other princesses. Some are even described to be so beautiful that they would make the sun smile. Prince Charming, of course, is the most handsome man who has ever walked the face of the earth. They're almost perfect, every single one of them.
Why? Well, simply because there's no time for flawed characters. Good people win, the bad don't. The good people are beautiful, they are very skilled and successful, they are friendly, they are loved, and they've got many friends.
Write down what kind of person you would like as your protagonist - male or female, rich or poor, it's all up to you. Just make sure they're lovable by everyone. Take a look at the picture for some ideas.
By everyone? No, there's always that one person who hates this perfect fairy tale character. That's because we need a conflict. Move on to the next step.
Step 4: "Ugly As Sin" - the Conflict
The world would be a boring place if everything was good, perfect, lovely, and happy. That's why we need a villain, or a different conflict to shake things up. And just as Good is absolutely perfect, Bad isn't simply bad, it's truly evil. It's ugly, it's terrible, it's ghastly!
Usually it's about a specific characteristic the Good possess and that someone else, or an entire society want - or that Bad makes use of. This can be a very good quality, like beauty - but too much beauty makes others jealous (Snowwhite). Or naiveté - innocence is an admirable character trait, but if you believe everything someone says, it makes you vulnerable (Little Red Riding Hood).
Sometimes the issue isn’t that the hero has a unique characteristic, but rather the opposite: they lack something. There are several fairy tales where the hero is an outsider, hated for not being rich enough, or pretty enough (The Ugly Duckling). It is then your task to make sure they redeem themselves and end up happily ever after.
Take a look at the picture for some suggestions.
So now your fairy tale has two elements: a hero, and a conflict. How will it end? Will we ever know? Well, yes, just read on for the next step.
Step 5: "Happily Ever After" - the Solution
You know how these stories end: they get married. They get rich. They become a prince(ss). And so on. There simply has to be a happy ending. It can't be a fairy tale without having one, right?
Make sure your ending is as fairy-tale like as possible. Pull out all the stops, and turn your party into the celebration of the century. We need fireworks, we need a wedding, we need everything, and then some. And what we need most, of course, is the punishment of the villain. If you had a story with a villain, make sure they get their just dessert. They almost killed your hero, or at least made them very unhappy. Off with their heads!
Take a look at the picture for some ideas.
Note: My favourite endings are always the most brutal ones. For instance, some of the ugly stepsisters were forced to dance to their deaths in red-hot iron shoes. But my favourite has to be where someone was put in a barrel with sharp nails on the inside, and then dragged through the streets until she was dead. Ouch. And it works, really. I can't bear watching any type of violence on tv, but I the gorier these fairy tales, the better. The Brothers Grimm were especially good at making up these horrifying endings.
Step 6: "At the Edge of a Large Forest" - the Setting
Now that we've established there are three essential fairy tale elements, it's time to take a look at some aspects that are also pretty important, but have a little wriggle room. The first one is the location, or setting. Usually fairy tales take place in either a castle, or a small village, or, of course, a forest, both enchanted or perfectly normal. There might be more, of course, but these three are the most important ones. It's a very good idea to have your fairy tale in one of these, because it will be familiar to your audience. They will know from the off-set that it's a fairy tale they'll be reading.
However, if you want to change it up a bit, you can take the aforementioned characteristics, the clichés if you will, and transport them to a different setting. You can still have truly Good and ultimately Evil characters, but change the location of the events. That way, your story might have a more modern feel to it, or it allows you to add a new layer previously unmentioned in traditional fairy tales. Just make sure it makes sense - there's no point in having a modern city that's scared by a single wolf, for instance.
Step 7: "Listen to Me" - the Audience
Most fairy tales - or the ones we know best, at least - had a very specific audience in mind: children. Most fairy tales are written in such a way that children could easily understand them, and parents would read them to their children while also thinking of their own experience with these stories. And for good reason: what better way to teach children something while also telling them exciting stories?
However, you don't have to write your fairy tale for children. There are countless examples of stories which have dutifully followed up all the fairy tale rules, but eventually decided to do something completely different with it. Take the Shrek films, for instance: they used all the characters, there was a clear conflict, an obvious lesson, but still everyone can tell it's not exactly a fairy tale. They have changed the audience: by making it a movie for adults, with its references to popular culture, and its blowing up out of proportion of all the characters (jeetje slechte zin!). The result is a hilarious spoof on a myriad of fairy tale characters, but simultaneously an entirely new fairy tale genre.
Other examples are the Disney film Maleficent (they turned Evil into Good at the end!), Roald Dahl's Revolting Rhymes, or, perhaps my favourite one: The Princess Bride by William Goldman.
Note: Some fairy tale retellings are specifically not written for children. Somehow helpless women and strong and beautiful princes have always had this, well, extremely adult allure. Try googling Anne Rice and fairy tales. It'll astound you.
Step 8: "I Know Everything" - Make It Your Own!
So, now that I've told you everything you need in order to write a good fairy tale, it's up to you now. Gather all your creativity, evoke the magic, make sure you've got paper at the ready, and get started!
Will you write a traditional fairy tale, with all the classic elements? Or will you turn everything upside down and give it a very modern twist? It's all up to you. I'm dying to find out what you've come up with.
Have fun, and please share your very own fairy tales in the comments!