Magnetic Fluid

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Introduction: Magnetic Fluid

About: Technopolis, the flemisch science centre, highlights their coolest projects concerning Science, Technology, Robotics, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics on the brand new platform 'Technopolis STREAM'. Please al…

*-* This Instructable is in English. Please click here for the Dutch version,

*-* Deze Instructable is in het Engels. Klik hier voor de Nederlandse versie.

Did you ever see a ‘magnetic fluid’? Some kind of metal-looking fluid that gets spiky when near a magnet? Here you’ll find instructions to make a ‘ferrofluid’ yourself. But beware … this experiment can be very addictive!

Curious how this works? Read about it in our blog about ‘Magnetic fluids’ (only in Dutch). Long version short: the ink powder in modern laser printers or copiers contains the mineral magnetite (Fe3O4). It's needed for the particles to be able to 'stick' to the paper (search for 'triboelectric effect). It is - indeed - magnetic and thus the ideal base for a ferrofluid (a fluid containing nano-particles of magnetic material). The fluid every nerd just loves!

Step 1: Materials

  • Protective gloves
  • A mouth mask
  • A glass beaker
  • An (old) ink cartridge from a printer or copier
  • Oil (e.g. a plant-based oil like olive oil)
  • Stirring rod
  • A small container and a piece of paper
  • A strong (neodymium) magnet

Step 2: Collect Toner

  • Carefully put some toner out of the cartridge into the glass beaker. You’ll only need about 50 ml.
  • Use the magnet on the outside of the beaker to test whether the toner has magnetic properties.

*-* Watch out: toner is not without danger – as long as you don’t drink it or breath it in, you’ll be quite safe (but since it’s a big mess and as instructed by our insurance agent, we recommend you to wear protective gloves and a mouth mask). Don’t throw away the rest, but bring it to the civic amenity site or to a specialised firm. *-*

Step 3: Add Oil

  • Add two table spoons of oil to the toner.

Step 4: Disperse

  • Use a stirring rod to mix it until all toner is dispersed.

Step 5: Reaction to Magnet

  • Put a little of your mixture into a small container.
  • Bring the magnet close to the bottom of the container.
  • The fluid gets all spiky!

*-* When the result is nothing like the picture, maybe it’s a toner problem. Some brands contain more or less magnetic particles. It might help to add some oil. Or to remove some. Some brands contain no magnetic particles at all – then you should look for a new cartridge. *-*

Step 6: Magic Ink

  • Now put some of the fluid on a piece of paper.
  • Move the magnet below the paper.
  • You’re making a ‘magnetic drawing’!

*-* Did you make a mess, despite our warnings? Toner washes away easily with cold water. Don't use hot water or rub the toner, because that will likely make it permanent. *-*

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    20 Discussions

    0
    MauSánchez
    MauSánchez

    9 months ago

    Hi! Right now I'm having a science fair in my school and I chose this experiment.
    But, when I put the magnet under the fluid the fluid just gets sucked by the magnet.
    If you know anything that could help us I'd appreciate it a lot.
    Thank you!

    0
    Mukund parelkar
    Mukund parelkar

    3 years ago

    WHAT IF I USE FINE FERROUS POWDER AND ALL OTHER MATERIAL ?

    0
    Technopolis STREAM
    Technopolis STREAM

    Reply 3 years ago

    The ferrous powder would have to be very fine, nano-particles will make the best colloid. If you don't want to waste toner, you can use magnetite (Fe3O4).

    0
    RicksterInstructables

    Any chance you can post a link to an English explanation of how this works?

    What makes the "spiky"?

    Rather than just attraction (like "ferro putty" I have).

    0
    mikesters
    mikesters

    3 years ago

    why use Plant-based oil? Why not synthetic motor oil?

    0
    Technopolis STREAM
    Technopolis STREAM

    Reply 3 years ago

    No specific reason, just easier to find at home for most people. Synthetic oil should work fine too.

    0
    RicksterInstructables
    RicksterInstructables

    Reply 3 years ago

    Doesn't "plant based" oil go rancid eventually?

    0
    br0x
    br0x

    Reply 3 years ago

    Glycerol should work even better, I believe

    0
    Technopolis STREAM
    Technopolis STREAM

    Reply 3 years ago

    Thanks for the tip! We'll surely try that in the future.

    0
    morris1pj
    morris1pj

    3 years ago

    If you make a mess with toner, clean up with COLD water,it washes away easily, but if you you use hot water or rub it (friction produces heat) it will become almost permanent. This is as designed,....ex laser printer engineer.

    0
    Technopolis STREAM
    Technopolis STREAM

    Reply 3 years ago

    No need to discuss with ex laser printer engineers :-).'ll We take your word for it! We'll include this in our manual right away.

    0
    funman1
    funman1

    3 years ago

    You could likely use the magnet on the Toner BEFORE you even add it to the oil to test if it will work or not...

    0
    Technopolis STREAM
    Technopolis STREAM

    Reply 3 years ago

    Indeed! This saves you from making a mess with non-ferromagnetic toner ;-)

    0
    ea00d009
    ea00d009

    Reply 3 years ago

    I agree, some toners haven't ferromagnetism properties

    0
    KryptoTSD
    KryptoTSD

    3 years ago

    Okay... Gonna try this...

    0
    srilyk
    srilyk

    3 years ago

    True ferrofluid is amazing - Brownian motion suspends the particles in the fluid so they never settle to the bottom. This allows for all kinds of crazy fun and excitement!

    0
    Ralphxyz
    Ralphxyz

    3 years ago

    Nice, thanks for posting.

    Ralph

    0
    aaguilar2015
    aaguilar2015

    3 years ago

    Thank you. this is an easy and funny project.

    Sharing knowledge is a very noble action and speaks very well of you.

    “If you have an apple and I have an apple and we exchange these apples then you and I will still each have one apple. But if you have an idea and I have an idea and we exchange these ideas, then each of us will have two ideas.”


    George Bernard Shaw

    0
    aCuriousCreator
    aCuriousCreator

    3 years ago

    Nice, I've seen a few videos of this but didn't know was so easy to make. I'll have to give this a go :D