Make a Potato Pellet Air Rifle

Introduction: Make a Potato Pellet Air Rifle

About: I like making all sorts of stuff, out of found materials: furniture, wild food, whatever! I've learnt loads from generous people out there, so reuse any useful ideas that you find here...

A simple potato-pellet firing air rifle made from stuff that you can usually find in the shed...

This gun fires pellets cut from potatos, and is more or less accurate at 30 metres. It has a pressure chamber made a domestic waste piping bottle trap, and is filled using a valve from a bicycle inner tube.  It has a trigger made from a washing machine stop valve, and a barrel from 15mm copper piping.  It's put together with standard plumbing connections, and bolstered with a liberal amount of hot glue, and tape.

This video gives an overview of the finished potato rifle and shows it firing.
The rest of the Instructable takes you through the steps to make it - enjoy!

Step 1: The Pressure Chamber

Step 2: Pressure Valve

To fill the chamber you need a valve.

This uses a normal bike valve. Cut it out from any old inner tube that has been lying about in the garden. It's pushed through a hole drilled in a standard end plug and then sealed with hot glue.

Bicycle technology is awesome. It pre-dates, and was used to develop planes - fantastic!

Step 3: The Trigger

The air chamber allows air to be be pumped in to create the firing pressure.  To release this, you need a trigger to let the pressure out from the chamber quickly. This uses a stop-valve from a washing machine.

Step 4: Fitting the Barrel

The barrel is domestic 15mm plumbing, attached using whatever joints can be found in the shed/DIY shop. Use lots of PTFE tape to get the seal tight.

Step 5: Sharpening the Barrel

The inside of the barrel should be sharpened so that the outside of the barrel has a cutting edge. This makes sure that when inserted into a potato, it cuts a plug wider than the inside of the bore of the barrel. This makes it a tight fit, so that it does not let gas out and fires with the most energy.

Step 6: The Finished Gun

Put together, it looks like this...

Step 7: Loading the Gun

Step 8: Priming the Gun With Air

Once the plug is cut (and making sure the trigger is closed!) prime the gun by cranking up the pressure using a pump. A decent barrel pump or car pump is best.

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    8 years ago on Introduction

    awesome gonna make a similar one. im interested in blowguns but mine (just a pvc pipe) shattered when my freind use it as a sword so im gonna use the darts from that and this to make a nice air rifle that might be a little dangerous. but hey who cares...better than being stuck inside all day


    Reply 11 years ago on Introduction


    many thanks. It was fun to make and reasonably accurate (and not too dangerous!