Monarch Butterfly Walkalong Glider

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Introduction: Monarch Butterfly Walkalong Glider

A Monarch Butterfly which has died is trimmed for flight and flown as a walkalong glider. The butterfly was found with its wings in the folded position. The butterfly is put in a humid chamber to losen up the muscles. Once unfolded, the butterfly wings are dried in a mold and fingernail polish is applied to the fuselage to add weight and strengthen the wings. The butterfly is then flown as a walkalong glider. It is recommended that first time builder/pilots learn how to fly a walkalong glider by following the instructable titled "Tumblewing Walkalong Glider Made from Phonebook Paper"

The result is a dried Monarch Butterfly which can be flown as a walkalong glider:


Here is the latest video on mounting the butterfly:

Step 1: Humidifying the Butterfly

The butterfly is placed in a plastic container with a small amount of water. This will limber up the muscles so the wings can be unfolded.

Step 2: Molding the Wings

The butterfly's wings are spread and mounted on a flat piece of 3/4" polystyrene insulation. A wire is fixed under the midsection of the wings to shape the trailing edge as an up elevator surface. The wings are held on the flat surface by strips of paper and pins or thumb tacks:

Step 3: Strengthening the Wings and Adding Ballast

Fingernail polish is applied to the fuselage (body) mainly forward both to strengthen where the wings meet the fuselage and to add forward weight which moves the center of gravity forward.


Once the wings have dried in the mold (at lease one day, outside humidity chamber), additional fingernail polish is added to the top of the fuselage to further strengthen the wing roots.

Step 4: Reshaping the Wings

After the first molding of the butterflies wings, the elevator did not have enough upward shape and the butterfly flew too fast and thus its maneuverability suffered. Here is a video of a flight with not enough up elevator:


To get the final trim, the elevator trailing edge was shaped to trim for a more nose up attitude. The process was begun by rehydrating the Monarch Butterfly and molding components (paper strips) by placing them in an airtight container with a small amount of water:


After at least a day in the container, the butterfly is ready to be reshaped. First, the inboard sections of the wings are shaped over the wire to provide more up elevator:


Next the outboard (wing tips) are shaped flush with the foam board:


And the assembly is set out to dry. This reshaping (more up elevator) resulted in a slower trimmed airspeed and more maneuverability.

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    31 Discussions

    0
    wingnutzster
    wingnutzster

    Tip 1 year ago

    print the butterfly wing pattern on tissue paper and lightly glue to depron or a light paper and shape a replica wing which will be better suited to adjustable flight than an insect corpse. I kill bugs all the time but a butterfly, especially the amazing Monarch seems worth saving

    0
    wingnutzster
    wingnutzster

    1 year ago

    I like the creativity, I've thought of doing this once myself but assumed it impossible and illogical in light of modern easily available lightweight materials and printers with which near-perfect butterfly wing replicas can be produced which will be as light but stronger and more easily adjusted for flight ..what's more, I can't deal with killing butterflies to satisfy my curiosity it's a little evil scientist for my tastes.

    0
    JellyHaven
    JellyHaven

    5 years ago on Introduction

    Wouldent it be more manageable to draw butterfly wings on paper and color it?Poor butterflies :(

    0
    delonzo
    delonzo

    6 years ago

    Cool

    0
    delonzo
    delonzo

    7 years ago

    How can you air surf butterflies

    Very nice job!
    I will probably use very similar steps for preparing insect wings for flying, but for use on an ornithopter. I don't know quite why, but once I found a dead butterfly with wings in the open position and I decided to give it a little launch. It flew amazingly well considering it was a dead insect and the wings appear to be good for gliding, but butterflies flap their wings rather slowly when compared to other flying creatures of similar size.
    Great job, it works well.

    0
    lpayne2
    lpayne2

    9 years ago on Introduction

    Without a doubt the most amazing thing I've seen in a LONG time...I'm speechless.
    I would love one of these but they look too difficult to make. A paper one colored to look like a butterfly would be great. I will be thinking about this all day......in awe.

    0
    Leosmama
    Leosmama

    10 years ago on Introduction

    How beautiful, the butterfly got a second chance at flying - like a kind of reincarnation :) Love it!!!

    0
    toxicwolf
    toxicwolf

    10 years ago on Introduction

    it disturbing but i love the idea it be even more disturbing if it was a bat but that would be cooler

    0
    Kite builder
    Kite builder

    11 years ago on Introduction

    I have two or three small white butterfly's, that i have now since two or three years. can i built a Walkalong Glider from one of them (i want not use the rarer butterflys i my collection because i think they can be destroyed by many flights) Do you protect the scales on the butterfly´s wings (the coating, what make the monarch orange and the small white butterfly white)? and can i use any sheet of plastic or cardboard to hold up the glider?

    0
    walkalongaviation
    walkalongaviation

    Reply 11 years ago on Introduction

    I tend toward larger butterflies and moths, but I don't see why smaller ones wouldn't work as well. The butterflies do take a beating, especially when they land behind furniture and it is hard to get a grasp of them. I'd recomment the latest set of instructions.

    I don't protect the wings, but it would be interesting to see how a coating would affect the flight, both the weight and the shape of the wings.

    You can use ahy sheet of material. I like lighter material such as foam core poster board.

    0
    Kite builder
    Kite builder

    Reply 11 years ago on Introduction

    If i touch my butterflys too firmly at the wings, they loose their wing-painting and colors. i want to protect them to make experiments without they loose their wing-painting. and i have a compleete set of Butterfly-wings. I rescued the Butterfly from a train station and brought it into our garden. But next day, there were only its wings. Can i attach them to a short piece of straw and make a glider from it? (i can make a good glider from a complete straw and two rings of paperstrips)

    0
    walkalongaviation
    walkalongaviation

    Reply 11 years ago on Introduction

    You may be able to glue the wings together with fingernail polish. Glue the forward wings first, holding them flat against a board. When they are dry, place a pencil parallel to the wings and glue the aft wings to the fore wings, resting the aft wings on the pencil. when the glue has dried, hold the aft wings over the pencil with pieces of paper to add up elevator.

    0
    walkalongaviation
    walkalongaviation

    Reply 11 years ago on Introduction

    I would recommend trying to fly the tumblewing to get used to flying walkalong gliders and their dependence on smooth air for successful flights.

    0
    jonnyboy323
    jonnyboy323

    11 years ago on Introduction

    Awesome Instructable!!!! Well believe it or not i got a hold of a dead butterfly.1 question before i start though...are you supposed to cut off the body and legs? I don't see any... Jon

    0
    walkalongaviation
    walkalongaviation

    Reply 11 years ago on Introduction

    Wow. I do not remove any parts of the butterfly. Any missing parts probably fell off during crashes. The legs, strengthened by fingernail polish, make a nice and relatively safe handle for launching. The latest instructions can be found here, for a painted lady butterfly.

    0
    screwgravity
    screwgravity

    11 years ago on Introduction

    This is so....thought-provoking, yes that's the word. definitely 5 stars.

    0
    Shagglepuff
    Shagglepuff

    11 years ago on Introduction

    The fact that it's a dead butterfly is pretty creepy, but it still looks fun. But can you make a walkalong glider(not a tumblewing) that isn't dead?