Introduction: PIDKiln - PID Temperature Controller to Ceramic/Glass/Metal Kiln
This is "yet another" PID temperature controller. I've made this one, because bought one was crappy and I needed something solid. There are two or three other DIY controllers "on the market" but this one, at least I see it this way :), is much more robust and has all features I needed.
- interface accessible both from LCD screen and WWW webpage
- unlimited (only by storage) kiln programs number,
- program file size limited to 10KiB (but this is artificial limit - can be extended)
- internal ESP storage for programs, data, logs (perhaps later SD - but I'm not sure yet)
- local preferences on disk, editable with Web interface
- online monitoring, program management, editing, graphs and kiln controll
- build in clock synchronised with NTP servers (if Internet connected)
- safety features build in (temperature run out protection, probe failure, SSR failure, kiln insulation failure)
- simply cool and cheap (comparing to commercially available products) all in one solution
- ESP32-Wrover board
- MAX31855 breakout board (or two)
- K-type thermocouple
- DC->AC solid state relay
Kind of optional, but recommended:
- 128x65 dot matrix LCD 12864B v2
- Rotary encoder with button
- DC/AC secondary relay - like SLA-05VDC-SL-C (240V/30A) mechanical relay
- Additional MAX31855 board with K-type thermocouple for housing temperature measuring
- Perhaps a kiln :)
Step 1: Wiring
Connected to one of three SPI on ESP32 - called VSPI (MOSI-23, MISO-19, CLK-18, CS-5)
ESP32 | LCD --------|--------- +3.3V | BLA (this can be also +5V if you wish) GND | BLK 4 | RST GND | PSB +5V | VCC (This should be - for ESP sake - 3,3V, but my LCD doesn't work with lower voltage. Try first with 3,3V) GND | GND 5 | RS 18 | E 23 | R/W
ESP32 | Encoder --------|--------- +3.3V | 5V/VCC GND | GND 32 | Key 34 | S2 35 | S1
Connected to one of three SPI on ESP32 - called HSPI (MOSI-13, MISO-12, CLK-14) CS-15/27
EPS32 | MAX31855 A --------|--------- +3.3V | VCC GND | GND 12 | SO/DO (slave output/data output) 14 | SCK (clock) 15 | CS (chip select)
EPS32 | MAX31855 B --------|--------- +3.3V | VCC GND | GND 12 | SO/DO (slave output/data output) 14 | SCK (clock) 27 | CS (chip select)
ESP32 | SSR --------|------- GND | GND 19 | IN
ESP32 | EMR (SLA-05VDC-SL-C) --------|---------------- GND | GND 21 | IN 5-48V* | VCC
* Do not connect 5V from ESP - use external source. This can be any 5V-48V power supply with around 1W power.
Required source code is part of the Github: https://github.com/Saur0o0n/pidkiln
Some more information you can find on my webpage: https://adrian.siemieniak.net/portal/tag/PIDKiln/
3d printable case: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:3907643
Step 2: Assembled Controller
This is fully assembled controller - on the left, and remote relay box (with power meter) - on the right. I've split those two elements because SSR relay can get quite hot and I wanted to have mains voltage away from logic boards.
PIDKiln is in 3d printed box, for relays I've used old 3,5'' aluminium disk enclosure and some 3d printed sides. I wanted this to be metal as an additional heatsink for SSR.
2 years ago
Incredible amount of work. I'm just in the planning of making one myself and will certainly benefit from your project. One thing I don't understand, is what are all the different .ino files for LCD, MAX31885, etc? Can't you only execute one program at a time and how do everything communicates together?
Reply 2 years ago
This all files create single program, binary code, for esp32 - it's just easier to maintain it this way, it's kind of obvious.
Reply 2 years ago
It's kind of obvious if you've done it before or was aware of the possibility. This was new for me and by doing some research on the Net I see how easy it is to do. Thanks for pointing me in the right direction.
3 years ago
This looks really handy. I could not easily find config in the code - is it possible to change the base from hours to minutes or seconds if we wanted to use it for other things? same with alerts / alarms / wait conditions in the program? Thanks
Reply 3 years ago
Most of the documentation you can find on github wiki (https://github.com/Saur0o0n/pidkiln/wiki). Configuration is mainly in PIDKiln.h (this is compiling time configuration) and runtime configuration is in data/etc/pidkiln.conf - but you will find everything described in wiki.
Programs have minutes resolution, most of the other stuff like for example alarms - seconds.
Reply 3 years ago
Thanks for getting back to me - sorry should have read the doco (its really good). I'm buying the supplies today.
3 years ago
Sounds really handy :)