Portable Variable Power Supply

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Introduction: Portable Variable Power Supply

About: I've always liked pulling things apart - it's the putting back together again that I have some issues with!

One of the tools that any electronic hobbyist should have in their kit is a portable, veritable power supply. I've made one before ('Ibles below) using a different module but this one is definitely my favourite.

The voltage regulator and charging module that makes up the heart of this build is one I used in a lot of my projects. I've even done an Instructable on how to use it to re-use mobile batteries! They are cheap to buy and very reliable.

The power is supplied by a li-po battery from an old laptop. You could use a mobile phone battery, 18650 li-ion battery or anything else that is similar. The batteries rechargeable which makes the power supply portable.

The build is a relatively easy and only needs some basic solder skills to make. Oh and as a bonus, you can also use it as a voltage tester too!

I made this one using a different module. I found however that the module can burn out easily and has a weird habit of overloading which causes voltages to not be accurate.

Step 1: Parts

1. Charger and step-up module - eBay The link is for 3 of them

2. Battery. You can use an old (or new) mobile battery, 18650li-ion, or almost any other rechargeable battery

3. Voltage meter - eBay

4. SPDT Switch - eBay

5. 250K Pot - Ali Express. I used a 100K pot which also works fine, however, you can only increase the voltage to 14v which is more then enough for most projects

6. Female and male banana plugs - eBay. The female ones I have linked are 4mm and these fit nicely into the case.

7. Alligator Test Lead Clips – eBay

8. Hook Clip Test Probe – eBay

9. For the case I used a 2 X AA battery holder. A better one to use would be this holder which is a 2 X 18650 battery holder. It's larger, will fit more types of batteries and you could wire 2 X 19650 batteries in parallel which would allow you to use the module to charge them

10. Wire

Step 2: Adding a Potentiometer to the Module

The module has micro potentiometer on it already but is way too small to use easily. However, the good people who developed this module also added some holes to solder on a potentiometer. The value of the pot I used is 100K and allows the voltage to go up to 14v. If you want to go higher then add a 250K pot which should bring it up to the full 30V's.

Steps:

1. Place the pot into the holes of the module. There is a SMD resistor right behind the pot which makes it angle down. To rectify this I added a slither of thin plastic to the front to make it sit straight

2. Solder in place the pot to the module

3. Be carful when adding the solder as there are a couple of solder points very close to the potentiometer ones and you don't want to bridge them.

Step 3: Adding Some Wires to the Output

Next you need to solder a couple wires to the output on the module. These are the solder points I mentioned in the previous step.

Steps:

1. Add a little solder to the solder points one the module

2. Carefully solder on a couple of wires to each of them

3. Check to make sure that there are no solder bridges between the pot and the output

Step 4: Modifying a AA Battery Holder to Make the Csse

I initially didn't go with a battery holder as the case. I started to use a piece of plastic which I heated and bent (see last photo), but unfortunately this was weak at the bend and snapped on me. The battery case is ridged and also has a side section to add the banana plugs into.

Steps:

1. First, you need to remove any gussets and pieces of plastic inside the battery holder. Use a pair of wire cutters to remove this.

2. The case actually comes with an on/off switch so you can utilize this if you want to. mine was broken so I removed it as well and added a toggle switch

3. If you are going to add a toggle switch then you'll need to drill a hole into the bottom of the holder at the end where the original switch was located

4. Lastly, drill a couple holes in the side of the battery holder for the banana plugs to go into

Step 5: Adding the Banana Plugs to the Case

Steps:

1. Pull the banana plugs apart. To make sure there is enough room in the case, I removed one of the plastic rings on the banana plugs

2. Place the plug into the hole and add the small plastic ring to the other side

3. Secure them in place with the small nut provided

Step 6: Drilling, Sticking and Soldering

I used the bottom of the battery holder as the top section and mounted the module and voltage meter to this section. In order to hide the wires as best I could I drilled some holes into the top of the case for them. To stick everything down I used good, double sided tape

Steps:

1. Place the module on top of the battery holder and mark out where the holes need to be drilled into it. You'll need some holes for the battery wires and also the output wires so 4 in total for the module

2. Do the same for the voltage meter, you'll need 2 for that

3. Make sure you solder wires to the module for the battery and output before you stick the module into place with the double sided tape.

4. Thread the wires through the holes and secure the module

5. Solder the output wires to the solder points on the banana plugs. You'll also need to solder the wires from the volt meter to the same solder points once it has been attached to the case

Step 7: Adding the Voltage Meter and Battery

Steps:

1. Like you did for the module, thread the wires on the voltage meter though the holes in the case and secure it with double sided tape

2. Connect positive to the red banana plug and ground to the black one

3. Solder the battery wires from the module to the battery. Check and make sure you have the polarities right.

4. before you secure the battery, test to make sure everything is working as it should. Make sure the that the micro pot that comes on the module is turned fully anti-clockwise. This will ensure that the pot added to the module will work smoothly

4. Use some superglue to secure the battery to the bottom of the case.

Step 8: Making Some Connectors

You can buy different connectors such as the alligator and hook type test clips. However, If you want to use the regulator on a bread board you'll need to add a couple of jumper wires to some male banana plugs.

Steps:

1. Cut the end off a long red and black jumper wire

2. Add a little solder to the ends that you cut off and secure each of the wires into a male banana plug.

3. There isn't any other steps - you're all done!

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    2 Comments

    0
    manudmaker
    manudmaker

    8 months ago on Step 8

    really cool and simple way to get various outputs for projects , only limitation is the <1A current output this board provides.
    I made such stuff before but did not know that we could add a potentiometer to the battery charging module.

    0
    lonesoulsurfer
    lonesoulsurfer

    Reply 8 months ago

    Cheers! you're right the amperage isn't high but I find it's easily enough to power most builds I do. It's cool that the designers of this module also included some through holes for a pot!