Introduction: Raspberry Pi Audio Spectrum Display

Use the DFRobot 64x64 RGB matrix panel with a Raspberry Pi 3 B+ to bring a dance party with you wherever you go!

DFRobot reached out to me to do a sponsored project for their 64x64 RGB
LED matrix. At first I had tried to use it with the ESP32 Firebeetle, but I couldn't get the library to work. So that meant using a Raspberry Pi 3 B+.

Link to products:

Raspberry Pi 3 B+:

64x64 RGB Matrix:

ESP32 FireBeetle

Step 1: Video

Here is a video demonstrating the matrix

Step 2: Circuit

Adafruit also has a guide that you can follow here:

Thankfully Adafruit has a matrix HAT for the Raspberry Pi that handles all of the 3.3v -> 5v logic level conversions.

Both the HAT and matrix have the same connector, but pin 8 (the white
wire) doesn't get plugged into the HAT. Because the HAT only supports up to 4 control wires, pin 8, which is the 5th control wire, gets connected to GPIO pin 24.

Make sure to use a 5V power supply that can supply up to 7A.

Step 3: Library

For the attached code to work I used the rpi-rgb-led-matrix library to control the LEDs. It's pretty simple to install. Just run
curl >

sudo bash

Then press y to continue and choose option 2 to select the Adafruit Matrix HAT.

Then choose number 2 to free up pin 18 so that sound can still be outputted over the audio jack.

To test it go into the examples-api-use directory and run
sudo ./demo -D0 --led-rows=64 --led-cols=64 --hardware-mapping=adafruit-hat

You should see the demo running. Just hit ctrl-c to exit it.

Step 4: Running the Code

Before the code can run you must add the root user to the audio group with
sudo -su


modgroup audio


Put the python file and test.wav file into /home/pi/rgb-led-matrix/bindings/python/samples/

If the demo ran fine then run the code with

sudo cd /home/pi/rgb-led-matrix/bindings/python/samples/

sudo python

You should hear the music playing from the audio jack and the lights lighting up.