Side Table From Scrap Offcuts

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Introduction: Side Table From Scrap Offcuts

About two years ago, I started walking the long, winding, occasionally dangerous path, that leads to building fine furniture.

I still don't have any fine furniture to speak of, but what I do have is PILES of offcuts. A ROOM full. TWO ROOMS. It's becoming a real problem.

In most new projects, I just don't use that many scrap pieces, and so the pile has begun to wildly outpace my scrap usage. Rather than admit I have real issues with throwing anything away (I think there's a word out there for that), I've been attempting to invent more premium feeling scrap builds for my [and other people's] scraps.

This side table is one such attempt.

Step 1: Collect Tools and Materials

  • Safety Goggles
  • Measuring instruments
  • Chisels
  • Hand plane or electric planer
  • Hand Saw or Table Saw
  • Hand Drill and/or Drill Press
  • Lathe
  • A Router, jigsaw, or a CNC (you'll need to cut some circles)
  • 7/8 in Forstner bit and a 7/8 wrench
  • Scraps -- whatever hardwood you have is fine

Step 2: Choose Your Offcuts and Do Your Prep Work

Any size of offcut will work really, but I've found that 4-6 inch pieces are easiest to work with (for both safety and aesthetic's sake). The first step is really just to get all of the pieces square, flat, and of equal [or at least close] width.

Step 3: Layout Your Pieces

Now that you've made square little building blocks out of your offcuts, you'll want to lay them out into a pattern that you find pleasing. The fusion 360 file attached earlier in the Instructable features side table that is 15" in diameter, but if you can only manage a 13", don't sweat it ;). I found a 15" table to be a nice, useful size, but I'm sure a 13" table will hold a cup of coffee just the same.

If you're having trouble visualizing what your table will look like, cut a 15" circle out of paper and overlay it onto your block pattern. I used the husk of another side table.

Step 4: The Glue Up (slow and Steady)

When I first started building these, I tried to glue everything up at once. That was dumb. Don't be like me.

Glue your table up in small 2-3 block sections. Or don't -- sometimes panicky glue-ups can be exciting.

Step 5: Turn a Square Into a Circle

There are a ton of ways to cut a perfect circle. I cheated and used my CNC (but to be fair, I had to build the CNC first), but a router will work just as well!

Step 6: Add a Chamfer to the Top and Bottom of Your Table

I used a 60º chamfer bit on my router table to cut the chamfers. One large chamfer on the bottom, and one subtle chamfer on top (to prevent break offs on the edge of the table top).

Step 7: Let's Cut Some Legs

Cut 3 pieces that are 24.5" x 1.5" x 1.5". This design uses 23" legs at a diameter of 1.2" at its widest, but anything between 1.2" and 1.5" thick still look good and provide good support.

If we want our legs to be 23" long at their final length, we'll need to add 1" at the top of the leg where it meets with the table top, and 1/2" at the bottom to give yourself a little wiggle room. That leaves us with 24.5".

Optional: Turn your square lengths into an octagon (for easier turning on the lathe).

Step 8: Let's Turn Some Legs

  1. Turn your leg round (preserving as much of the diameter as possible)
  2. Turn the top 1" of the leg down to 7/8"
  3. Turn the very bottom of the leg down to 7/8
  4. Taper your leg down to that 7/8 inches.

Step 9: Build the Table Base (where the Legs Will Attach)

Cut 3 pieces that are 2" x 5", and cut one end into a 120º angle (30º off each side of one end to form a point). These are all essentially going to be end grain to end grain glue ups, so it's worth adding some dowels for additional strength.

If the cuts don't fit perfectly, don't panic! You can always adjust the angles on one of the 3 base pieces slightly to compensate for the slightly obtuse or acute 120º ends.

Step 10: Step 8: Drill Holes for Your Legs

This step can definitely be completed with a handheld drill, but it's definitely easier with a drill press. The angle you're looking for is 10º. Drill all the way through!

Step 11: SAND. EVERYHING.

I mean it. Don't get lazy on this step. 80 -> 120 -> 240 -> 320 -> good on you if you're going higher.

You won't be sorry.

Step 12: Assembly Time!

Glue the 7/8" legs ends into their 7/8" sockets and drill holes with which to attach the base to the underside of the table top. I didn't specify screws here because this is also a place where you use the spare screws you found under your bench last week, whatever reasonable size they might be (although they should probably be wood screws).

Step 13: Finishing :)

Everyone's favorite part. Put some finish on that bad boy.

Arm R Seal, boiled linseed oil, Rubio Monocoat if ya fancy. You call it, but make sure it's the appropriate finish for the usage it will be getting.

Enjoy your new table, and look with pride on your shrinking scrap pile.

Step 14: Change the Design! Use Some Crazy Species.

I've only ever made walnut and oak versions of these tables, but I'd love to see some new species in the mix.

I also have no woodworking pedigree, so PLEASE improve this design. And send me pics!

Also, this is my first Instructable and I entered the furniture contest. Vote for me if you don't hate this!

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    6 Comments

    1
    jwilliamsen
    jwilliamsen

    1 year ago

    These are very nice-looking tables, and I can appreciate the work that went into them....

    ... and in the spirit of helping make them better, I would suggest changing the design. The way they are assembled now, seasonal changes in humidity (assuming you live where there are seasonal changes) will likely break up the tops of these tables. The problem lies in orienting grain from one board perpendicular to the grain of another. Wood grows across it's grain much more than it does along it's length, so, in a situation where you have end-grain glued to side/long grain (a very weak joint, I might add), those joints will fail due to the mis-matched expansion/contraction. In some cases, you might not have a problem if the perpendicular piece is small, made of denser wood, and "trapped" in a sea of long-grain joints ... but that's a rare case.

    As someone else mentioned, this can be solved most easily by orienting all of your grain the same direction, and making sure that the wood expansion coefficient of the species (if you mix species) is pretty close. You can find wood expansion coefficients online.

    If you feel that you want to keep the perpendicular orientation, there are methods for stabilizing this. "Breadboarding" the joints would probably work, but IMHO not be worth the effort. You could use biscuits or a Domino to "spline" the top together, but would probably only be effective with smaller perpendicular slabs. You could also glue to a perpendicularly oriented substrate: Imagine splitting your table top thickness-wise, rotating the top piece 90 degrees, and gluing it back together. This would yeild a LOT of long-grain to long-grain glue surface and would stabilize the top quite a bit.

    Another solution (which would go counter to the idea of "solid wood") might be to glue veneers to a neutral substrate like MDF or possibly Baltic Birch plywood, then edge in a narrow band of solid wood.

    On the base: it's worth noting that you would want to drill oversized holes in the base parts to allow the screws some "slip" room. Again, the expansion and contraction of the top can loosen or break the screws if they are in holes that fit too closely. On commercial solid table tops, what you will typically see used (on medium-grade furniture) are "Figure 8" connectors that allow for movement - these would work for you as well :)

    I offer all of this in the spirit of helping you get better at your craft. I have made all of these mistakes in the past. I've watched furniture self-destruct because I didn't take wood expansion into account. Once you internalize the inherent strengths and weaknesses of wood, you will build stronger, lighter, and more durable furniture :) Keep up the good work!

    0
    AnandM54
    AnandM54

    1 year ago

    Beautiful coffee chairs!!

    0
    JohnC430
    JohnC430

    1 year ago

    "I also have no woodworking pedigree, so PLEASE improve this design."
    How much more modest can you be? you have two rooms of scrap wood which means that you work in this all the time. No need for remarks like that.

    These are works of art. I love the wood colors.

    0
    shallnot
    shallnot

    1 year ago

    …and watch the table’s top self-destruct in a year or two due to wood movement. Overcome this by not aligning the board perpendicularly to each other. Or “bread-board” them to allow for expansion and contraction.

    0
    seamster
    seamster

    1 year ago

    Beautiful results!! Excellent first instructable as well. Very nicely done all around! : )

    0
    sewl
    sewl

    Reply 1 year ago

    Thanks a ton!