Simple Wireless Power

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Introduction: Simple Wireless Power

About: I enjoy making and reverse engineering simple electronic circuits and devices. I hope you enjoy my instuctables, and more will be coming out soon!

Make wireless electricity easy with this simple DIY!

This project will use the principle of magnetic inductive coupling to transfer electricity between two separate coils.

Step 1: Materials

Overall, this experiment does not require too many materials, many of which can be easily acquired.

The materials are as follows:

  1. 30 gauge magnetic wire
  2. Alligator clips with leads
  3. 2N2222 NPN-Type transistor
  4. Electrical tape
  5. Low-power LED
  6. Measuring tape
  7. Scissors
  8. Pliers/wire cutters
  9. Battery (9V)
  10. Soldering gun
  11. Solder
  12. Cylinder with 2cm diameter

All of these materials can be found at local hardware stores and specialty stores such as RadioShack.

Step 2: Building the Coils

The first step in transferring wireless power it to make the coils. The two coils consist of one inducer and one receiver coil. They are made in the same manner, except the inducer coil will need a center tap.

Step 3: Inducer Coil

To build the Inducer Coil, measure out 3 meters of 30 gauge magnetic wire. Then take the cut wire and begin wrapping it around your cylinder, leaving a sizable lead. After about half of the wire has been used (about 15 turns) create the center tap. This is done by pulling about 2 cm of wire away from the coil and twisting it. Do not cut the wire! Next, finish wrapping the wire around the cylinder, leaving another lead. To prevent unwinding, put 3 pieces of electrical tape on the coil. This will not effect the overall electrical output. You are now finished with the inducer coil.

Step 4: Reciever Coil

The receiver coil is made like the Inducer coil, but without the center tap. To accomplish this, simply keep winding the coil without stopping.

***Helpful tip: Scrape off the enamel coating on the wire to ensure a good connection.

Step 5: Connecting the Transistor

The transistor is the brain of this operation. Its purpose it to connect and disconnect the power at a rapid pace, thus creating a changing magnetic field in the inducer coil. This changing magnetic field is what induces an electric current in the receiver coil; which powers the LED.

To properly connect the transistor, you need to attach the correct coil leads to the correct transistor terminals (emitter, base, and receiver). The transistor will be soldered on.

Emitter will go to the negative of the 9V battery

Base will go to one inducer coil lead

Collector will go to the other inducer coil lead

Simply solder the terminals directly to the leads, and the connection will be secure.

Step 6: Connecting the LED

The LED will be soldered to the two leads of the receiver coil. This allows the LED to be powered easily when the receiver coil is moved around the magnetic field. Each LED terminal will be connected to one lead of the receiver coil. The positive and negative of the led do not matter, as the current in the receiver is changing.

*** Helpful tip: trim the ends of the LED terminals so that it does not awkwardly stick out from the receiver coil

Step 7: Connecting the Power Source

This experiment is powered by one 9V battery

Emitter will go to the negative of the 9V battery

Center Tap will go to the positive of the 9V battery

The full project can be represented in the schematic above

***Helpful tip: only connect the power to the coil when it is in use, as long periods of connection will deplete the battery and may fry the transistor. One way to solve this problem would be to connect a 100 ohm resistor to the base of the transistor (suggested by Majstor_nizasta), but since this project is supposed to be as simple as possible, I didn't include it.

Step 8: Wireless Power

Once everything has been assembled and the power connected, hover the receiver coil over the inducer coil and watch the LED light up; without wires!!! I recommend experimenting with different positions and distances, as it is lots of fun. You can even place items between the coils, and the LED will still be powered. Also try flipping the receiver coil over if the LED is not very bright, as the magnetic flux of the receiver coil flows in one direction. The platform (black rectangle under the coils) is not necessary, but it allows you to move the whole project around more easily. It is simply the inducer coil glued to a note card wrapped in electrical tape.

Thank you for viewing, I hope you enjoy this as much as I have. And don't forget to vote this as you favorite and share it with your friends.

To learn more about the physics behind magnetic inductive coupling and wireless power, I recommend researching Howstuffworks, The Wireless Power Consortium, and Witricity.

I also highly recommend you read, the comments, there is some great information on completing this instructable thanks to all the amazing supporters!

Burn It! Contest

Participated in the
Burn It! Contest

MAKE ENERGY: A US-Mexico Innovation Challenge

Participated in the
MAKE ENERGY: A US-Mexico Innovation Challenge

Explore Science Contest

Participated in the
Explore Science Contest

1 Person Made This Project!

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106 Comments

0
Fearce1
Fearce1

7 years ago on Introduction

Greatable, You earned my votes!

Thank you for this post!

0
Anthony GriffithsG
Anthony GriffithsG

Reply 6 years ago

will copper magnetic wire work

0
mArisch
mArisch

Reply 5 years ago

Yeah, for sure!

0
zoraz javaid
zoraz javaid

7 years ago on Introduction

This is really cool and i cannot wait to make one myself and test it ! Great work dude.

0
RyanJ4
RyanJ4

7 years ago on Introduction

This is by far the best instructable in this contest.

0
follow2964kHacked
follow2964kHacked

Question 7 weeks ago on Step 5

How to know which one is emitter and which one is collector

0
phyproject
phyproject

6 months ago

hey!!!
i just wanted to ask u for a principle of this project since i have to present this in my class with a explanation ....my explanation does not really stand out but i hope u can help me

i just wanted to know the what type of energy is converted here and the definition
i am looking forward to it hope u reply

0
JurryF
JurryF

4 years ago

i tried but i cant do it please help me guys quick

0
MicahW
MicahW

Reply 5 months ago

I was having issues too. Come to find out I was using enamel coated wire and had to sand off the ends of the wire for it to finally work. To check to see if your wires are enameled, take out a multimeter and turn to the continuity tester while your probes are along the wire.

0
muzzlebreak
muzzlebreak

Question 1 year ago on Introduction

Is it possible to manipulate the power transferred to the receiver coil via the number of windings in the coils just as in a step up or step down transformer?

0
hcan1445
hcan1445

Question 1 year ago

if the coil smaller than 2cm diameter, is it work?

0
Sir FeeBird
Sir FeeBird

Question 3 years ago on Introduction

What determines Voltage transfer and amperage transfer in this project? I am wanting to keep my 12 Volt coffee travel mug hot for long distances on my motorcycle.

0
CollinCoil1
CollinCoil1

Answer 1 year ago

It’s determined chiefly by length i.e. number of wraps around the coil and input power. For your project I hope it went well, maybe you found a kit on amazon?

0
landarr
landarr

Question 1 year ago

Hello, I want to ask a question.
How much is its measured voltage output at most?

0
CollinCoil1
CollinCoil1

Answer 1 year ago

In hindsight this setup was rather rudimentary, making it difficult to measure exact outputs. I found that I could garner ~ 2V when the coils were basically touching. Remember that the amp rating will be very low.

0
Luisalp
Luisalp

Question 3 years ago on Step 8

Hello,
I was wondering if it is possible to add a dimmer to this circuit. Unfortunately I don't know anything about circuits, but I imagine it is to be put instead of the switch, but I wouldn't know exactly where, because in this circuit there is no switch.

0
lavahasif
lavahasif

4 years ago

transformer working like this i think?only coil increasing or decreasing difference.