Introduction: Smart Pull-Up Bar
Hello friends! My name is Nikolas and I am 15 years old. Today in this Instructable I'll show you how to make a Smart Pull-Up Bar which, when you start doing Pull-Ups or Chin-Ups starts playing music in order to keep you motivated and after exercising for a certain period, a reward, a Tic Tac, in my instance gets dispensed! Make sure to watch the YouTube video above to see the Smart Pull-Up Bar in action and to follow the instructions from there if you prefer!
I originally thought of making this to motivate me to work out more, but it turns out I just wanted an excuse to eat more candy!
These are the components you'll need:
- Arduino Nano (UK Here)
- MG90S Servo Motor (UK Here)
- Laser Diode 9mm (UK Here)
- 0.5W Speaker 40mm (UK Here)
- 5V Power Supply (UK Here)
- DC Jack (UK Here)
- LDR (UK Here)
- 1kΩ Resistor (UK Here)
- 100uF Capacitor (UK Here)
- Slide Switch 11mm x 6mm (UK Here)
- Some Filament (I used Prusament PETG)
- Wires (UK Here)
- 2 x M4 Screws and Nuts
- 4 x M3 Screws
- 5 x M2 Screws
- Some Tic Tacs
- A transparent plastic sheet you can cut
- And of course a Pull-Up Bar (UK Here)
If you decide to build a PCB as I did you'll also need:
- PCB 6cm x 4cm (M2 Holes 55mm x 35mm) (UK Here)
- Screw Terminals (UK Here)
- Female Headers (UK Here)
- Male Headers (UK Here)
You will also need:
(These links are Amazon Affiliate links which means that if you purchase the products using them I'll get a small commission of the sale at no extra cost for you! This way you can help me make more and cooler projects and I really appreciate it! Thank you!)
Step 1: Understand How It Works
Basically I've made a Laser beam sensor by attaching a cheap Laser Diode and an LDR on the Pull-Up Bar. They are perfectly aligned which means that a lot of light reaches the LDR and thus the sensor outputs a high analog value. However once I place my hands on the bar to start working out I block the light beam, the value gets significantly lower and the sensor sends a signal to the Arduino Nano, which is mounted on the wall in an enclosure and then a song starts playing using a small speaker (In my case it was Take on me by A-ha). After around 30 seconds, when the song ends, if I still have my hands on the bar, a reward, a Tic Tac gets dispensed using a 3D printed mechanism that's rotated by a servo!
Now that you get how it works let's start making it!
Step 2: 3D Printing
I designed all the parts in Fusion 360, sliced them in Cura and printed them with my Ender 3 V2 in PETG at 0.2mm layer height. You will need to print:
- The "Base.stl"
- The "RotatorDispenser.stl"
- The "CoverBase.stl"
- The "LaserClamp.stl"
- And the "LdrClamp.stl"
You can find all the files Here
Step 3: Circuit Part 1
It's time to connect the electronics!!
1. Place the Arduino Nano on the breadboard
2. Connect 5V to Positive Rail (red) and GND to Negative Rail (blue)
Step 4: Circuit Part 2
3. Add the LDR and connect one of its leads to 5V and the other one to GND with the 1kΩ resistor (the order doesn't matter)
4.Connect the second lead to A0 as well
5.Add the MG90S Servo and connect its Brown Wire to GND and its Red Wire to 5V
Step 5: Circuit Part 3
6. Connect the YellowWire to D5
7. Add the small speaker and connect its Red Wire (+) to D11 and its Black Wire (-) to GND
8. Finally add the Laser Module and connect its Red Wire (+) to 5V and its Black Wire (-) to GND
Step 6: Programming
Time to program the Arduino Nano! I have attached my code below for you to download if you want. Open Arduino IDE select the Arduino Nano Board, your COM Port, click Upload and you're done! The LightThreshold defines how sensitive the LDR is to light, keep this in mind as I'll go into it deeper in the next step.
Take a look at adithyalokesh17's work as well! He has turned a lot of popular songs (Like "Take on me" which I used) into light Arduino code which is easy to use with buzzers and speakers without needing any complicated SD card readers etc.
Step 7: Test/Troubleshooting
When the code gets uploaded nothing happens. Then I cover the LDR with my finger so that I block the light from reaching it. Pretty much a simulation of what will happen during the workout when my hands will block the laser beam. In both cases the If statement gets triggered, music starts playing and then the servo rotates and dispenses a Tic Tac.
There are two common problems that can ocure here even if you did everything properly.
- The music doesn't start playing when you cover the sensor. You can easily solve this by increasing the "LightThreshold" value we talked in the previous step thus making it more sensitive.
- The music starts playing without even covering the sensor. You can solve this be decreasing the "LightThreshold" value thus making it less sensitive.
- A good tip to adjust the Threshold value just right would be to use the serial monitor and see the light values your sensor produces. (The can range anywhere between 0 (Absolute Darkness) to 1023 (Absolute Light)
- To get accurate measurements I would suggest aiming the laser diode to the LDR and working with those values instead of the ones of the ambient light of your room.
Step 8: Circuit Board
Since everything works it's time to make a pcb to fit all the components in a more compact enclosure. The only difference the PCB has from the breadboard circuit we made earlier is that I've included a Power Input terminal which connects (+) to 5V and (-) to GND and I have added a 100μF capacitor (optional) in parallel to smooth out the current.
Step 9: Attaching the Servo
- Screw the servo to the Base using 1 or 2 M2 screws.
Step 10: Pushing the Laser Into the Clamp
- Push the Laser Diode into the LaserClamp.
Step 11: Attaching the LDR to the Clamp
- Insert the LDR into the LdrClamp. (There are two small holes To pass the wires through)
(You should first solder some longer wires to both the LDR and the Laser)
Step 12: Soldering
- Solder a preferably red wire to the positive lead of the DC Jack.
- Solder a black wire to the negative lead of the DC Jack.
- Solder a new red wire to the slide switch.
Step 13: Attaching the DC Jack
- Insert the DC Jack into its hole in the base. Secure it in place using the nut.
Step 14: Soldering the Switch
- Solder the red wire of the DC Jack to the other lead of the switch.
Step 15: Attaching the Switch
- Push the switch into place.
Step 16: Connecting Power to PCB
- Connect the red wire to the positive power input of the pcb.
- And the black wire to the negative power input.
Step 17: Connecting Servo to PCB
- Connect the servo to the male headers.
Step 18: Connecting Speaker to PCB
- Connect the speaker
Step 19: Attaching PCB to Base
- Fit the PCB into the Base
- Secure it in place with 2-4 M2 screws
Step 20: Cutting & Installing the Plastic Sheet
- Cut the transparent plastic sheet into a rectangle of around 75mm x 17mm and trim its sides until it fits tightly into the base.
Step 21: Installing the Laser to the Bar
- Attach the LaserClamp to one side of the Pull-Up Bar and tighten the clamp using an M4 screw and nut
Step 22: Installing the LDR to the Bar
- Attach the LdrClamp to the other side of the Bar and tighten it again using an M4 screw and nut
Step 23: Aligning the Laser and the LDR
- Turn on the Laser Module by connecting it to a ~5V power source (Arduino 5V pin, 3 x AA batteries, 1S Lipo, 18650 battery or whatever you prefer)
- Rotate the Clamps until the Laser Beam hits the center of the LDR
Step 24: Glueing the Enclosure to the Wall
- Take the Hot Glue Gun, possibly all of the makers' most favorite tool, and glue the Base to your wall.
Step 25: Connecting the Laser and the LDR to the PCB
- Wrap the cables of the Laser and the LDR around your door
- Connect the two red wires to the central section of the triple screw terminal
- Connect the black wire of the LDR to the upper section
- And the black wire of the Laser to the other section
(Of course all these connections will differ based on how and if you make the PCB and mine can just be used as a concept refernce)
Step 26: Installing the Dispenser
- Connect the Power Supply to the DC Jack and turn the switch on
When the Arduino first gets powered on, the servo automatically goes to its 0 degree position and locks in place. When that happens, attach the RotatorDispenser to it. Make sure that the two holes for the Tic Tacs align properly.
Step 27: Adding Cover
- Fit the speaker into the Cover
- Screw the cover to the Base using 2 - 4 x M3 screws
Step 28: Adding Tic Tacs!
Lastly add some Tic Tacs…
Step 29: Congratulations the Project Is Now Complete!
And the Smart Pull-Up Bar is finally complete!!
I hope you enjoyed this Instructable as much as I did making it! If you have any questions or suggestions let me know! Also consider subscribing to myYouTube Channel for more tutorials and cool builds and to support me throughout this journey. Have a great day!
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