Introduction: The DIYson, an Open Source Cyclone Vacuum Cleaner
Ever wanted one of those fancy cyclone vacuum cleaners, battery powered and with a nice design?
Don't you feel like you're about to spend 200-300 euros for a brand new one?
This is how the DIYson started: to benefit from 3D design, 3D printing, and the availability of affordable parts made for RC planes and cars, to create the first Open source cyclone vacuum cleaner.
The main benefits are the modularity of the system, that is easy to customize and repair.
"Life has more meaning if we do we cleaning" Ad for Robotic Cleaners, System Shock 2, 1999.
The DIYson and the home:re:make, the beginning of a new movement?
The project was born after seeing the Dyson vacuum cleaner advertisement. The doubt that the description, with carefully-sought words, hid a relatively simple idea came into our minds. I did some research to understand how it worked, and what inspired them in turn. Understanding how it worked, I realized that the key components of the project could be implemented with RC model aircraft components, at a low cost since they are easily available. In addition to having verified the hypothesis that it is possible to make a DIY cyclonic vacuum cleaner with very good performance (refining version 1), the project now has a broader vision: to create the “Maker version” of many household appliances, using modern components with the best value for money, to understand, compared to the commercial version of the same product, the areas of improvement and the cases in which the economic value and the technical characteristics are more distant. From a future point of view, the home:re:make project could also send a signal to companies, which would encourage them to improve the repairability and improve the functions of their products, knowing that there is someone who analyzes their products and reproduces them, maybe even better, publishing all the results with the open source formula.
1 × 50mm EDF, max thrust 0.5Kg, max 22A (For DIYson V1 & V2) https://hobbyking.com/it_it/hobbyking-50mm-alloy-edf-v2-4200kv-4s-version.html
1 × 30A ESC UBEC (For DIYson V1 & V2) https://hobbyking.com/it_it/hobby-king-30a-esc-3a-ubec.html
1 × Activated carbon screen (For DIYson V1 & V2)
1 × Plastic coffee cup (For DIYson V1)
20 × Neodimium magnets cube, 4mm side (For DIYson V2)
1 × Arduino micro (For DIYson V2)
5 × White led 5mm (For DIYson V2)
1 × Lipo Battery charger (For DIYson V1 & V2) According to your Lipo Battery
1 × Analog joystick 2 axis (For DIYson V2)
1 × 1.3 inch 240*240 LCD Display (For DIYson V2)
1 × Servo tester (For DIYson V1) https://hobbyking.com/it_it/hobbykingtm-servo-tester.html
1 × LIPO battery 2cell, 4000mAh (For DIYson V1) https://hobbyking.com/it_it/zippy-4000mah-2s1p-25c-car-lipoly-roar-approved-de-warehouse.html
1 × Turnigy 5000mAh 4S 40C Lipo Pack con XT90 (For DIYson V2) https://hobbyking.com/it_it/turnigy-5000mah-4s-40c-lipo-pack-with-xt90.html
1 × IsiPlast SC1100 container (For DIYson V1) https://www.isiplast.com/packaging/sc1100-eng/
1 × Plexiglass tube 130mm OD 124mm ID , h=141mm (For DIYson V2) https://www.plexishop.it/it/plexiglass/tubi/trasparenti/tubo-plexiglass-o-130-e-124-i-mm.html
1 × Joystick Dual Axis Module (For DIYson V2) Like https://arduinomodules.info/ky-023-joystick-dual-axis-module/
1 × Cardboard Tube (For DIYson V1 & V2)
1 × 3D Printed parts (For DIYson V1 & V2)
Step 1: Some Background History
The DIYson: History
The idea behind the cyclone vacuum cleaner is based on dust collectors design, that have been around since 1921. A dust collector is a system used to enhance the quality of air released from industrial and commercial processes by collecting dust and other impurities from air or gas. Designed to handle high-volume dust loads, a dust collector system consists of a blower, dust filter, a filter-cleaning system, and a dust receptacle or dust removal system. Sir James Dyson then in 1978, decided to build a better device than the popular vacuums of the day, and based its concepts on the dust collector design.
Step 2: How to Make It
Here you can find a 3D model that you can navigate in your browser that shows the assembled DIYson.
- (V1 and V2) Order all the RC - related parts: order the Lipo battery, EDF fan, ESC, servo tester if you also want to test the EDF before your controlling circuit is ready. Maybe also a lipo battery tester so you can double check if your circuit works as intended. Don't forget to order Lipo charger, XT 60 or XT 90 adapters (male and female), so you don't have to order other things in a separate order after you received all the things, and notice you have missed something! (as I did).
- 2(V1 and V2) OPTIONAL: Dynamically balance the EDF unit with your cellphone.I did not do this step, but it is really recommended to reduce noise and improve performances and battery duration. Read more about this on https://www.rcgroups.com/forums/showthread.php?126...
- (V1 and V2) 3D Print all the parts from here. Download the 3d STL files. They have been printed on a Zortrax M200, but any filament machine should work.
- Order Arduino Micro, cables, connectors, resistors, joystic, LCD, all you need. Always double check.
- (V2) Assemble the electronic circuit: see picture 1. For the battery tester part of the circuit, you can find more details on this page: https://www.instructables.com/id/1S-6S-Battery-Vo...
(V1 and V2) Cut hole from VAT / Plexiglass tube: Cut hole for dirty air to enter into the VAT (V1) or Plexiglass tube (V2).
(V2) EndTube with Bristles: You can easily remove bristles from a cheap long brush. Then mount them with hot glue. See picture 2.
(V1 and V2) Assemble the 3d printed parts
Assemble the 3d printed parts, together with the electronic parts, and cardboard tube. For reference look here:
Participated in the
3D Printed Contest