Ageing, Distressing and Dying Techniques for Halloween Costumes

Introduction: Ageing, Distressing and Dying Techniques for Halloween Costumes

About: Hands-on DIY lover and borderline crazy crafter. I love Halloween and creepy food.

Hey guys, so this isn't technically a step-by-step DIY, but I thought I'd share some secrets from my times on set for quick ways to make your costumes look dirty without really getting them dirty. This is perfect for costumes where things are supposed to be dirty, old, distressed, worn down, and or just generally nasty (zombies are the perfect example!)

The photos above are from four different shows I worked on. One was a western, the second and third were two different post apocalyptic disaster shorts (very popular right now) and if you can't guess, the third is a zombie feature. All the clothes you see were purchased new and were aged down using these techniques...

First thing first. When I go onto a set where I know I'm going to be getting people "dirty" I always pack my dirt kit. You can buy professional grade "dirt" (Called Schmere) but it's not only hella expensive (deluxe kits can be purchased for upwards of $75), but it actually carries warnings right on the items that it's made with nuts and should not be used by anyone with nut allergies. I've worked with enough actors who are deathly allergic to peanuts that this makes me nervous...which is why I've made my own "dirt kit." For a whopping $20 (and most of that was for the cooler bag I carry it around in) I made my own kit.

Step 1: Raid the Kitchen and the Garage for Your Supplies...

SUPPLIES FOR YOUR KIT:

INSTANT UNSWEETENED TEA

INSTANT COFFEE

BABY OIL

FLOUR

CINNAMON

CURRY

SHOE POLISH IN DIFFERENT SHADES AND COLORS IN THE LITTLE TINS

SANDPAPER

LIGHTER OR SMALL BUTANE TORCH

OLD NYLONS

KY JELLY

CLEAR DISH SOAP

GLOVES

OLD RAGS AND OR SOCKS

"BAD CAT" LEATHER SCRAPER (MORE ON THIS IN A MINUTE.)

SMALL POWER SANDER (TOTALLY OPTIONAL)

SPRAY BOTTLES (AS MANY AS YOU NEED)

COFFEE GRINDER (AGAIN, OPTIONAL, BUT NICE)

I've had people ask me about spray paint which is fine in a pinch, but has a tendency to make fabric stiff and crack. You can also use specific fabric spray paints, but they sometimes splatter and can also be expensive. I prefer using this stuff over anything else...plus, it smells much better!

Step 2: Let's Get Grubby...the Clean Way!

Now, just a heads up, this can get messy, so if you can...do the initial ageing somewhere you don't mind getting a little grubby. I prefer my bathtub...but outdoors works well also.

SWEAT: For the dried on sweat look I filled a spray bottle with water and some instant iced tea. You can make this as light or as dark (weak or strong) as you want. It will leave a nice yellowish tint to anything you spray it on. Make sure you use UNSWEETENED tea. If you use sweet tea, the sugar will gum up the spray bottle and you'll end up with a clogged nozzle. THIS WILL STAIN CLOTHES so make sure whatever you're spraying is okay with being a permanent tan color. Soaking fabric in tea is often used to make whites more "vintage" as well...it's also called "teching" and helps to ensure that the bright white won't 'blow out' on camera.

For wet/fresh sweat I like to use baby oil. It will remain "dark" like real sweat for hours. Like the tea it will stain. You can also use clear dish soap which WILL wash out...just make sure you don't add in extra detergent when you wash it in the washer or you'll end up with a foamy mess.

There is also the ever popular KY Jelly which also works well but will get you some strange looks when you walk into the drug store and buy thirty bottles at once. I suggest spreading it out over a few stores.Here's another shot using the tea/baby oil sweat from another film we did...

DIRT/DUST: I like to use a mixture depending on what type of dirt I'm recreating. I use what I call "dirt puffs" which is just whatever dirt I need mixed up and poured into an old nylon doubled up. Tie the top of the nylon and it becomes an easy way to "pouf" dirt onto whatever you need. You can bop it against just about anything and get a nice dirt look or even shake it over for a light dusting. To get your dirt fine enough to sift through a nylon and to ensure it's well blended, I like to pulse my dirt ingredients in an old coffee grinder before nylon bagging it.

MAKE SURE YOU'RE BEING SMART WITH THIS STUFF...even though it's all kitchen items, it's still not healthy to breathe it in, so make sure as you're "pouffing," that you're not inhaling a ton of it either.

DUST: Baking flour

DIRT: Instant coffee and or tea

RUSTY DIRT: Instant coffee and cinnamon

SANDY DIRT: Instant coffee and curry

MUD: flour, instant coffee and any of the above ingredients mixed to a nice slurry and then spattered or slapped onto whatever you want.

GREASE: Shoe polish. You can either break off pieces and use them like a crayon and just scrub the clothes with it or you can actually light it on fire (in the tin), let it melt a bit, blow it out, then scoop up melted polish on an old rag or sock and rub that onto the clothes as well. Just remember to blow it out before you scoop it up.

RIPS, TEARS AND SHREDS: Need to put holes in something? I prefer using a combination of methods but for a fast shred, nothing works faster or better than the "Bad Cat." Technically referred to as a "leather rougher," this thing is MEAN! When you use it, I STRONGLY suggest using it on a surface that either A) you don't care about, or B) won't easily get scratched. Whatever you do, do NOT use it on something you are wearing...it will TEAR YOU UP! I call it the bad cat because it's like being licked by Satan's feline... I got mine at Tandy's but they can also be ordered online.Just a few passes with this thing will shred just about ANYTHING...

Not feeling brave enough to use the cat or just can't find one? A power sander (I like the Black and Decker Mouse) or just plain old sand paper works as well.

And then again, there's always the cinder block method...which I've used sometimes, but don't always recommend. Basically you drive out to a dirt lot, take a cinder block and put it on whatever clothes you want to quickly destroy, tie the block to your bumper, and drag the clothes all over the lot while they're under the cinder block. Super fast but you never know what you might be driving over so LAST RESORT...Of course, nothing works better than a quick pass with a lighter (or small butane torch) but make sure you've got water nearby just in case...

Step 3: Wrap It Up...

So, in a quick little nutshell, that's my crash course on ageing and dying. I hope this helps anyone looking for a fast way to make things look grubby...

I love helping people out, so if you have any questions or need a specific look, just ask...if I can't figure it out, I'll find someone who can and together we'll both learn something new!

Happy haunting and getting "dirty clean!"

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    21 Discussions

    0
    ladyknighthawk
    ladyknighthawk

    5 months ago

    These are great and I will be using some if them, but do you have any suggestions on fading clothing? I don’t need the whole thing faded but a few select spots, like it was wadded up and only a few spots faded out. Bleach seems to be a bit harsh in my test be spraying some so I am looking for ideas.

    1
    ClaireT28
    ClaireT28

    8 months ago

    My daughter is a chimney sweep in her dance show, how do I make her shirt look like its dirty/soot like please? Thank you in advance

    0
    Tye Rannosaurus
    Tye Rannosaurus

    Reply 8 months ago

    There are a couple of methods you can try/use. A really easy way to make it look dirty is to get some canned shoe polish (the Kiwi kind is great). Use a stiff brush and brush it onto the shirt and really rub it into the fabric. Start with a light layer and then work up from there. Because it's a wax, you don't want too much because it will rub off on things. A thin coat will give you a nice grubby look without it being prone to rubbing off on things.
    You can also use activated charcoal powder but be aware this stuff is really fine and goes EVERYWHERE. Once you get it on the fabric, it will look just like soot (which it technically is so...win for authenticity!) but it will continue to rub off on stuff.
    A more permanent solution is to get a spray bottle and fill it with a mix of water and black india ink. You'll want to dilute the ink a bit so when you spray it, it comes out gray instead of black which will let you build up layers and control how much goes where. Test your spray bottle before you spray your shirt to check for 'spattering.' You'll want a thin fine mist which will give you a sooty look and not a splattery Jackson Pollack look. Hope this helps and tell your daughter congrats on the role!

    0
    JessMagee
    JessMagee

    Question 9 months ago on Introduction

    Hi, I'm attempting to diy a Halloween costume from Thir13en Ghosts, the Jackal. Just wondering if you might have any helpful ideas/advice. My struggle areas are getting the clothes worn/dirty/died the color they need to be and the head cage. (I was thinking about using cardboard)... Any suggestions? Thanks and God Bless!!!

    0
    Tye Rannosaurus
    Tye Rannosaurus

    Answer 8 months ago

    Cardboard is great idea for the cage as it'll be light enough to not weigh you down. Another thing you can use is those foam floor mats they sell at hardware stores. Look for interlocking EVA foam tiles. You can find a ton of tutorials online for how to shape and paint the foam.
    The Jackal looks like the majority of the dirt on him is reddish so I'd stick with coffee grounds and cinnamon as my 'dust' and 'dirt' of choice for him. Grab a nylon and fill it with a mix of the two (use instant coffee) and rub it into the fabric. Go over the whole thing at the very end with a light dusting of activated charcoal to give it the last little touch of darkness. :)

    0
    Mcast002
    Mcast002

    Question 10 months ago on Step 3

    Trying to make a bride zombie homemade costum for my 6 year old, any ideas? We have a white dress, veil and bouquet. Need to zombify it

    0
    Tye Rannosaurus
    Tye Rannosaurus

    Answer 8 months ago

    Put her in the dress and send her to the playground. Let her run around and really trash it. Run the hem of the dress across a cheese grater to fray the ends like she's been wearing it and dragging it around with her for ages. Blood is always good, but for a zombie, I'd make sure the blood is really dark...almost a black red or even a few drops of green in there for sepsis and nastiness.

    0
    tikavonmehren
    tikavonmehren

    1 year ago

    Hi! Thank you for the great tutorial. My question is if I’m using something repeatedly for a play I love the suggesion about the spray glue in the comment above. However, how do you suggest setting it so it does not transfer to anything else and stay the same for multiple shows. Thank you!
    Tika

    0
    Tye Rannosaurus
    Tye Rannosaurus

    Reply 8 months ago

    Oh my gosh I'm so sorry I missed this! The great thing is spray glue dries eventually so as long as you spray it ahead of time and give it a few days to really set in, you should be fine.

    0
    janjanett
    janjanett

    Question 1 year ago on Introduction

    I need to "flour" a baker's apron and wondering if you know a way to make it last? We have 12 more shows and doing it every night is messy in a small greenroom

    0
    Tye Rannosaurus
    Tye Rannosaurus

    Answer 1 year ago

    Is it a look that is progressive..as in the apron starts out clean at the beginning of the show and then gets flour on it as the show plays out or is the flour going to be on there for the entire time? If you want it to stay on there for the duration of the time, an easy way to get it to stick and really stay put is a spritz of spray glue on the apron, followed by a dusting of flour. Be careful, however, as the spray glue has a tendency to go everywhere and if you're not careful, you may end up with sticky areas you don't necessarily want sticky. I'd mask out where you want the flour to go, give it a light coat of the spray glue, and then dust with flour.

    Depending on how much flour you want on the apron, you can vary your glue strength from light (photo mount glue is good for this, it's a gentle sticky that will eventually dry and can be either rubbed or brushed off) to permanent (upholstery glue is like satan's snot. Good luck getting that off. Heads up, however, it's not really a "spray" so much as a somewhat guided nozzle splatter of adhesive...think silly string.)

    Hope this helps! If you've still got questions, you can ping me directly on Facebook through messenger at https://www.facebook.com/necronomnomnomicon

    :)

    0
    DavidA768
    DavidA768

    Question 1 year ago on Step 2

    What would you recommend for making a shirt look like it's stained completely with blood? I'm shooting for a kinda stained red button up, making the stains look old.

    0
    Tye Rannosaurus
    Tye Rannosaurus

    Reply 1 year ago

    For super red, shiny, fresh blood (arterial look) this stuff is great! I like to fling it onto things to give a nice high gloss splatter look:

    http://www.michaels.com/tulip-slick-dimensional-fa...

    For a flatter, more soaked in look, this stuff works really well. I usually grab a tube of true red, navy blue and brown and mix back and forth until I achieve the color I want (redder for fresher blood, browner for older, set in stains.) You can use it as is or thin it with water to achieve the thickness or look you're happiest with.

    http://www.michaels.com/tulip-soft-matte-brush-on-...

    And if you've already got a ton of acrylic paints and aren't interested in buying more fabric paint in the colors you already have, the Liquitex Fabric Medium is a great product! Just mix it into acrylics you already have on hand and it'll turn them into fabric paints! Personally, this stuff is my favorite! Give it a try!

    http://www.michaels.com/liquitex-fabric-medium/D01...

    Good luck and I hope you get the results you were looking for!

    :)

    0
    JanS33
    JanS33

    2 years ago

    Great info! However, my project is a snowmobile suit that is shiny-new and needs to look old, much worn and dingy. It is nylon. Are there chemicals that would be safe? From my experience, bleach won't do anything.

    Thanks,

    Jan Sherman

    1
    KevinR310
    KevinR310

    3 years ago

    This is a great tutorial. With Hallloween a few months away I decided it was time to start work on this year's costume. Using the tutorial tips made ageing and distressing my dungarees and undershirt quite an enjoyable experience.

    As you can see from the photos there is quite a difference from the brand new items I bought and the finished product. I didn't use as many items as the tutorial outlined; I restricted myself to flour, coffee and water but also used perma blood and some acrylic paint, all watered down where appropriate and applied using a spray bottle.

    I created rips and holes in the dungarees using a razor blade and then put it through the washing machine a few times with nothing but bleach. That helped give it an awesome frayed look and made it paler, but not excessively so.

    I think I've ended up with something very awesome looking. Just need to finish work on my mask now!

    image.jpegimage.jpegimage.jpeg
    0
    CWestover81
    CWestover81

    3 years ago

    Hey there, I loved all your tips and found them very helpful. What would you suggest for black fabrics? Specifically black jeans, black trench coat and cotton tank top. I'm doing a post apocalyptic look this halloween :)

    I strongly advice against organic materials since they decompose.
    Take a look at this:

    0
    JenniferS256
    JenniferS256

    Reply 4 years ago

    This is amazing. Thank you. I definitely see your point about organic materials. Do you have any suggestions for alternatives to the tea or coffee for when you just want to discolor something? Food coloring mixed to make brown, maybe?

    0
    Tye Rannosaurus
    Tye Rannosaurus

    Reply 4 years ago

    I have a chart i pulled off Pinterest which is great for mixing food coloring. And of course i cant post a pic when im using my phone to send this message...grrr...so here is the link:
    https://www.google.com/search?q=mixing+food+coloring&oq=mix&aqs=chrome.1.69i57j69i59j0l2.1429j0j4&client=ms-android-hms-tmobile-us&sourceid=chrome-mobile&ie=UTF-8#imgrc=NfXw_ILilTHT2M%3A

    This is great. I was going to take my zombie costume to the car wash and rub it into the silt that's left behind on the floor, but now I can just make my own mud.