BONES the Humanoid Robot

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About: 3D printing and programming robots made easy

Happy Halloween Everybody !!!

To celebrate this years Halloween I thought It would be a great idea to build a robot suited for the occasion.

A dancing Humanoid Skeleton !!!

I've aways wanted to design and build my own humanoid robot so this was the perfect project for me.

After designing and building BORIS the Biped (link here) I realised his legs were the perfect base for the Skeleton so a few minutes of amputation later and a quick redesign of the upper torso, BONES the Humanoid was born

This will be the perfect project for those interested in learning how to program servos to make the Robot perform whatever dance routine you want it to.

BONES costs just over 150$ to build batteries and charger included

BONES is controllable with the 3D printed Arduino Controller (link here)

he can move forwards, backwards, left, right, right kick, left kick, dance 1, dance 2

or he can perform a dance without the Controller

Enjoy the Build Instructions !!!

Supplies:

To build this robot you will need:

  • 12x Genuine Tower Pro MG90S analog 180 deg servo (link here)

You can go cheap from china on a lot of things but servos aint one of them! After testing many differenet types especially cheap counterfeit towerpro servos I found out that the cheap counterfeit ones are so unreliable and often break a day after using so I decided that genuine towerpro servos would be the best!

You can't find a better prototyping board than this one for wireless servo control. This board has a bulit in 5V 3A power converter and 12 servo input pins and pins for a wireless nrf24L01 transceiver module and Arduino NANO all in a condensed neat package so don't worry about messy cables all over the place anymore!

  • 1x Arduino NANO (link here)
  • 1x NRF24L01 Transceiver Module (link here) (You don't need this if your not using the controller)
  • 2x 18650 3.7V Li ion batteries (link here)
  • 1x 18650 Battery holder (link here) (these batteries give you about 30 mins run time better ones will give you about 2h of run time)
  • 1x Li ion Battery charger (link here)

All the electronics can also be found on Amazon if you can't afford to wait for delivery but they will be a bit more expensive.

CONTROLLER:

To control this Robot manually you will need the 3D printed Arduino Controller (link here)

The Robot can also be purely autonoumous so the controller is not mandatory.

PLASTICS:

The parts can be printed in PLA or PETG or ABS. !!

Please note a 500g spool is more than enough to print 1 Robot !!

3D PRINTER:

Minimum build platform required: L150mm x W150mm x H100mm

Any 3d printer will do. I personally printed the parts on the Creality Ender 3 which is a low cost 3D printer under 200$ The prints turned out perfectly.

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Step 1: 3D Printing the Parts

So now it's time for Printing...Yeay

I Meticulously designed all of BONES's parts to be 3D printed without any support materials or rafts required while printing.

All the parts are available to download on Pinshape (link here) and MyMiniFactory (link here)

All the parts have been test printed on the Creality Ender 3

Material: PETG

Layer Height: 0.3mm

Infill: 15%

Nozzle diameter: 0.4mm

The parts list for BONES is as follows:

1x BODY BOTTOM

1x BODY MIDDLE

1x BODY SPINE

6x BODY SQUARE PINS

1x ELECTRONICS FRAME

1x ELECTRONICS SQUARE PIN

1x RIB BOTTOM

1x RIB BOTTOM MIDDLE

1x RIB TOP MIDDLE

3X RIB TOP

4x SMALL VERTEBRE

1x BIG VERTEBRE

1x FRONT SKULL

1x REAR SKULL

1x SKULL SQUARE PIN

1x SHOULDER

1x ARM

1x FOREARM

1x SHOULDER (MIRROR)

1x ARM (MIRROR)

1X FOREARM (MIRROR)

4x CIRCULAR ARM PINS

2x FEET

2x ANKLES

2x LEG 1

2x LEG 2

2x PISTON CASES

2x PISTON CASES (Mirror)

4x PISTON HOLDERS

4x PISTONS

2x HIPS

8x CIRCULAR PIN L1

2x CIRCULAR PIN L2

2x CIRCULAR PIN L3

10x CIRCULAR PIN L4

13x SQUARE CLIP

22x CIRCULAR CLIP

Each part can either be printed as a group or individually.

For Group printing all you have to do is print one of every single GROUP.stl file apart from the Group LEG 1.stl, file and the GROUP CIRCULAR PIN.stl files of which you have to choose one of them and you will have the entire set of parts required.

Follow the following Steps for printing all the STL files.

  1. Start by printing the LEG 1.stl files individually as these are the hardest to print they require a brim of around 5mm and one layer height around the part to avoid warping if for some reason the brim does not prevent warping print the LEG 1 WITH BRIM.stl file.
  2. Print the INDIVIDUAL CIRCULAR PIN .5mm L1, INDIVIDUAL CIRCULAR PIN .75mm L1 and INDIVIDUAL CIRCULAR PIN 1mm L1 once printed test the pins in the holes of the LEG 1.stl that you previously printed and select the one that fits the tightest without being to tight to not be able to push through the hole If possible use the .5mm one as the tighter the fit the faster the Robot will walk.
  3. Print the GROUP SHOULDERS.STL file don't forget to print it with an 8mm brim of 2 layer heights to make sure it prints correctly
  4. Proceed to printing the rest of the GROUP.STL files

And there we have it about 2 days of printing later you should have all of BONES's Plastic parts.

Step 2 complete!!!

Step 2: Installing Arduino

BONES uses C programming in order to function.

In order to upload programs to BONES we will be using Arduino IDE along with a few other libraries that need to be installed in the Arduino IDE.

Install Arduino IDE on to your computer

Arduino IDE (link here)

In order to install the libraries in to Arduino IDE you must do the following with all the libraries in the links below

  • Click on the links below (this will take you to the libraries GitHub page)
  • Click Clone or Download
  • Click download ZIP (the download should start in your web browser)
  • Open the downloaded library folder
  • Unzip the downloaded library folder
  • Copy the unzipped library folder
  • Paste the unzipped library folder in to the Arduino library folder (C:\Documents\Arduino\libraries)

Libraries:

Varspeedservo library (link here)

RF24 Library (link here)

And there we have it you should be all ready to go In order to make sure you have correctly set up Arduino IDE follow the following steps

  • Download the desired Arduino Code below (Robot Controller.ino or Robot Autonomous.ino)
  • Open it in Arduino IDE
  • Select Tools:
  • Select Board:
  • Select Arduino Nano
  • Select Tools:
  • Select Processor:
  • Select ATmega328p (old bootloader)
  • Click the Verify button (Tick button) in the left upper corner of Arduino IDE

If all goes well you should get a message at the bottom that says Done compiling.

And thats it you have now completed Step 2 !!!

Step 3: Programing BONES

Now it's time to upload the code to BONES's brain the Arduino Nano.

  • Plug the Arduino Nano in to your computer via USB cable
  • Click the upload button (Right arrow button)

If all goes well you should get a message at the bottom that says Done Uploading.

And that's it for Step 3.

Step 4: Calibrating BONES's Leg Servos

So now it's time to Calibrate and start assembling the Leg servos to parts of BONES...

All the following Steps are depicted in the Assembley Video above.

Electronic Parts needed:

  • 1x Arduino Nano
  • 1x NRF24LO1 transceiver (only if using BONES with controller)
  • 1x Sunfounder Wireless Servo Control Board
  • 12x Genuine TowerPro MG90S 180 deg servos
  • 1x Battery Holder
  • 2x 18650 3.7V Li ion Batteries

Plastic Parts needed:

  • 4x Pistons
  • 4x Piston Holders
  • 2x Piston Cases
  • 2x Piston Cases (Mirror)
  • 2x Hips
  • 1x Body Bottom
  • 1x Body Middle
  • 4x Body Square Pins
  • 4x Square Clips

Screws and Servo Horns needed:

  • 12x long self tapering screws
  • 6x short screws for Servo Horns
  • 4x single arm Servo Horns
  • 2x dual arm Servo Horns

Assembling the Pistons Instructions:

  • Place all 4 Pistons into the 4 Piston Holders
  • Slide the 4 Piston Cases over the Piston Holders as shown in the Assembley Video above
  • Position the 4 Pistons so as that the Pistons holes and the Piston Cases Holes are aligned
  • Insert the 4 Servos through the 4 Piston Cases holes
  • Fix the 4 Servos in place with 2 long self tapering screws per servo to the 4 Piston Cases (do not over tighten)

Assembling the Hips and Body Instructions:

  • Insert the 2 Servos in to the Body Middle part (Make sure to place them the right way around cables facing outwards)
  • Fix the 2 Servos in place with 2 long self tapering screws per Servo to the Body Middle part
  • Insert the 2 Hips in to the Body Bottom Part
  • Align the Body Bottom part with the Body Middle part
  • Secure the Body Bottom part to the Body Middle part with 6 Body Square pins (as shown in the Assembley Video)
  • Secure the Body Square pins with 6 square Clips

Electronic Instructions:

  • Plug the Arduino and NRF24L01 transceiver (optional) into the Servo Cotrol Board
  • Connect the Battery Holder wires (Red to Positive Black to Negative) to the Servo Control Board (Make sure the connections are the right way around)
  • Connect the Servos to conections 4,5,6,7,8 and 9 in any order you want (Make sure to get the connections the right way around)
  • Insert the Batteries
  • Push the Servo Control Board Button to the pressed position
  • Switch the battery Holder switch to the ON position
  • The Board should light up and the Servos should move to their 90 degree home position

Assembling the Servo horns Instructions:

  • Once the Servos have reached their 90 degree home position insert the Single arm Servo Horns in to the Pistons at a 90 degree angle (+- a few degrees of offset is not the end of the world) to all the Piston Cases as shown in the Assembley Video above.
  • Insert the Dual arm Servo Horns in to the Hips so as that both servo arms are in line with each other. As shown in the Assembley Video above
  • Secure all the Servo Horns to the Servos with 1 short screw per Servo
  • Switch the battery Holder switch to the OFF position
  • Disconnect the Servos from connections 4,5,6,7,8 and 9

And there we have it all the Leg Servos are calibrated and the rest of the Robot is ready to be assembled.

Step 5: Assembling BONES's Legs

All the following Steps are depicted in the Assembley Video above.

Plastic Parts needed for Left Leg:

  • 1x Left Foot
  • 1x Ankle
  • 1x Leg 1
  • 1x Leg 2
  • 2x Assembled Pistons
  • 4x Circular pins L1
  • 1x Circular pins L2
  • 1x Circular pins L3
  • 3x Circular pins L4
  • 9x Circular Clips

Left Leg Assembley Instructions:

  1. Slide the 4 Circular pins L1 through the Ankle holes (As shown on the Assembley video)
  2. Position one of the Assembled Pistons into the slot of the Left Foot select the Assembled Piston that makes the Servo cables face backwards (As shown on the Assembley video)
  3. Position the Ankle on the slot of the Left Foot and the slot of the Assembled Piston
  4. Slide 1 Circular pin L2 through the Ankle and Foot joint
  5. Slide 1 Circular pin L3 through the Ankle and Assembled Piston joint
  6. Slide 1 Circular pin L4 through the Foot and Assembled Piston joint
  7. Position the Leg 1 in place on the Ankle and Circular pins L1
  8. Position the Leg 2 in place on the Ankle and Circular pins L1
  9. Position one of the Assembled Pistons in between Leg 1 and Leg 2 select the one that makes the servo cable face outwards (As shown in the assembley video)
  10. Slide 1 Circular pin L4 through Leg 1 and the Assembled Piston
  11. Slide 1 Circular pin L4 through Leg 2 and the Assembled Piston
  12. Secure all the Circular pins with Circular clips

Plastic Parts needed for Right Leg:

  • 1x Right Foot
  • 1x Ankle
  • 1x Leg 1
  • 1x Leg 2
  • 2x Assembled Pistons (Mirror)
  • 4x Circular pins L1
  • 1x Circular pins L2
  • 1x Circular pins L3
  • 3x Circular pins L4
  • 9x Circular Clips

Right Leg Assembley Instructions:

Proceed the same as the Left Leg Assembley Instructions.

Step 6: Assembling BONES's Arms

All the following Steps are depicted in the Assembley Video above.

Electronic Parts needed:

  • 4x Genuine TowerPro MG90S 180 deg servos

Screws needed:

  • 4x Long self tapering screws

Plastic Parts needed for Left Arm:

  • 1x Arm
  • 1x Forearm
  • 2x Circular Arm Pins

Left Arm Assembley Instructions:

  1. Insert the Circular Arm pin into the hole in the Forearm
  2. Insert the Circular Arm pin into the hole in the Arm
  3. Insert the Servo in to the Arm as shown in the Assembley video above
  4. Secure the servo to the Arm with 2 long self tappering screws
  5. Insert the Servo in to the Forearm
  6. Connect the Arm and Forearm together as shown in the Assembley video above

Plastic Parts needed for Right Arm:

  • 1x Arm (mirror)
  • 1x Forearm (mirror)
  • 2x Circular Arm Pins

Right Arm Assembley Instructions:

Proceed the same as with left arm assembley

Step 7: Assembling BONES's Lower Body

All the following Steps are depicted in the Assembley Video above.

Electronic parts needed:

  • 2x Genuine TowerPro MG90S 180 deg servos

Screws needed:

  • 4x long Self tappering screws

Plastic Parts needed:

  • 1x Spine
  • 2x small Vertebre
  • 1x Rib Bottom
  • 1x Rib Bottom Middle
  • 1x Electronics Frame
  • 1x Electronics Frame Square pin
  • 4x Circular pin L4
  • 4x Square Clips
  • 4x Circular Clips
  • 1x Assembled Hips
  • 2x Assembled Legs

Assembley Instructions:

  1. Position the Assembled Left Leg on to the Hips of the Assembled Body (Make sure to put them on the right way around)
  2. Secure in place with 2 Circular pins L4
  3. Secure in place with 2 Circular Clips
  4. Repeat steps 1,2 and 3 for the Right Leg
  5. Pass the Servo cables through the holes of the Hips in to the Body and pass them in between the 2 Hip servos. As shown on the Assembley Video above
  6. Insert The Electronics Frame in to position on the Body (make sure to place it the right way around)
  7. Secure in place with the Electronics Square pin and 2 Square Clips
  8. Insert the Spine in to the Body
  9. Secure in place with 2 Square Clips
  10. Slide the Rib bottom over the spine
  11. Slide the small vertebre over the spine
  12. Slide the Rib bottom middle over the spine
  13. Slide the small vertebre over the spine
  14. Insert the left Shoulder Servo in to the Electronics frame
  15. Secure with 2 long self tappering screws
  16. Repeat last 2 steps for right Shoulder servo
  17. Pass the 2 shoulder servos cables through the same hole as all the other cables
  18. Pass the left assembled arms cables through the left cable passage
  19. Repeat last step for the right assembled arms cables.

Step 8: Wiring the Electronics

All the following Steps are depicted in the Assembley Video above.

Electronic Parts needed:

  • Assembled Electronics Board and Battery holder

Screws needed:

  • 2x Long self tapering screws

Assembley Instructions:

  1. Secure the Electronics board to the electronics frame as shown in the assembley video above
  2. Place the Battery holder in to the back slot of the robot


Now it's time to get playing with the Spaghetti!!!

  1. Connect all 12 servos to the Main Board connections 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11 and 12 as shown in the picture above (make sure to connect them the right way around)
  2. Pull the excess slack of cable to the back of the robot

Step 9: Asembling BONES's Upper Body

All the following Steps are depicted in the Assembley Video above.

Plastic Parts needed:

  • 2x small vertebre
  • 1x big vertebre
  • 1x Rib top middle
  • 3x Rib top
  • 1x front Skull
  • 1x rear Skull
  • 1x square Skull pin
  • 3x square clips

Assembley Instructions:

  1. Slide the Rib top middle over the spine
  2. Slide the small vertebre over the spine
  3. Slide the Rib top over the spine
  4. Slide the small vertebre over the spine
  5. Slide the Rib top over the spine
  6. Slide the big vertebre over the spine
  7. Slide the Rib top over the spine
  8. Join the front and rear Skull together with the square Skull pin
  9. Join the Skull and Electronics frame together with the Square skull pin
  10. Secure Ribs to spine with 2 square clips
  11. Secure with Skull square clip

Step 10: Calibrating BONES's Arms

All the following Steps are depicted in the Assembley Video above.

Servo Horns and Screws needed:

  • 6x short screws for Servo Horns
  • 4x single arm Servo Horns
  • 2x dual arm Servo Horns

Plastic Parts needed:

  • 1x Shoulder
  • 1x Shoulder (mirror)

Assembley Instructions Left Arm:

  1. Switch the robot on
  2. Wait for the servos to move to their home position
  3. Switch the robot off
  4. Position the left shoulder in the 0 degree position
  5. Secure left shoulder with Dual horn and short screw
  6. Clip the Arm on to the Shoulder at 0 degree position
  7. Secure Arm with Single horn and short screw
  8. Place Forearm in 90 degree position
  9. Secure Forearm with Single horn and short screw

Assembley Instructions right Arm:

Proceed the same as with Left arm instructions

Step 11: Build Complete!!!

Well now that we've finished building BONES I hope you enjoyed this Instructable and Please let me know what you think.

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    5 Discussions

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    JosS2

    20 days ago

    Para que subes tu proyecto a instructables si te quieres Lucrar (ganar dinero), esta página se caracteriza porque todo el que sube su proyecto quieren que voten por su PROYECTO y son totalmente GRATIS¡¡¡

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    abomin

    5 weeks ago

    He's very funny!