In this series of tutorials, we will build a network of
devices that can be controlled via a radio link from a central hub device. The benefit of using a 433MHz serial radio connection instead of WIFI or Bluetooth is the much greater range (with good antennas and sensor positioning, potentially up to 1000m!). This is far more suited to outdoor applications such as a wireless temperature sensor located at the end of a garden, or a relay to control a heater in your garage.
Control and monitoring of these devices will be through a DroidScript app on an android mobile phone or tablet. We will be building on the knowledge we gained in the previous Easy IOT tutorial where we controlled a relay using an ESP32 Module. If you haven’t completed this yet, you may want to check it out here:
This time however we will be using the ESP32 as a Hub to bridge the gap between WIFI and 433Mhz Radio. This allows us to send a command from our phone connected to our home WIFI network that will then be forwarded on to the appropriate remote device.
We will also cover how to build ultra-low powered sensor nodes with a few simple modifications to an Arduino Pro Mini allowing the device to be powered from a battery for over a year!
While there are other ways to create low power RF sensor networks e.g. LoraWan, this series aims to provide simpler (and cheaper) alternative that aims to teach the core principles of wireless communication, data handling and low power electronics. More complex systems that use protocols like LoraWan and MQTT will be covered in a future tutorial.
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Step 1: Tutorial 1 - ESP32 Based RF Sensor Hub
In this tutorial we build the central hub that will transmit radio messages to and receive from our wireless sensors, and pass that data to our android application.
Please follow the link to the tutorial:
Step 2: Tutorial 2 - Remote Relay Node
For our first controllable device, we will use an Arduino Nano connected to a relay module and another HC-12 Module to receive the radio data from our ESP32 Hub.