This is a how-to on building a Bungee or Highstart Launcher for model gliders: no gas or electric motors are used just a re-usable length of rubber tubing and some fishing line.
And it's very inexpensive too: less than 30 bucks for a small set up.
I use this to launch my six foot wing-span model glider hundreds of feet in the air. This will also work if you have a gas or electric model plane and wish to conserve fuel at takeoff.
The video above gives you an idea of how this works, launch and release of tow line, including shots from the camera I installed on-board giving us a bird's eye view!
But please read all of the instructions before proceeding.
Successfully flying and landing an RC plane is beyond the scope of this instructable, so in the video I thought I would add some more excitement and show what you don't want to CRASH into! Plus, there's a little how-to on getting your plane out of a tree ;-)
I hope you enjoyed this instructable. Questions, suggestions and comments are welcome!.
Brett @ SaskView
Step 1: Overview
No rocket science here. Basically you are using a very big elastic band and some string to catapult your plane into the air!
50 to 100 feet of rubber tubing is anchored to the ground at one end. A tow line is connected to the free end of the tubing.
At the other end of the tow line is a ring that goes over the tow hook mounted on bottom of your glider. The tow hook is located just behind the center of gravity of the glider. The tow hook usually is adjustable and can be moved forward or ahead within a slot and tightened down. This is to allow fine tuning so that a steep enough launch angle is achieved.
To launch launch your glider using a bungee requires the pilot to start walking backwards stretching out the tubing until there is enough tension for launch.
You then throw your glider into the air and the high-start rapidly hurls it sky ward at steep angle at a steep angle. This all happens without pulling back on the stick. The only radio control input during launch is left/right as needed to keep the glider from veering off to the side.
As your plane passes over the anchor point, the tow line slips off of the tow hook and the plane is free to fly on it's own.
When learning to use this method of launch it's best to get the hang of things gradually, so the first few attempts don't try to go for height and therefore use less tension than what you would for maximum altitude. As you get more comfortable with catapulting launching you can start increasing how far back you stretch the bungee, and how much tension you use when launching. The reason for this is because the high-start launch is quick and it's very easy for a beginner to lose control and smash their glider, and possibly cause injury.
I've attached a video tutorial called R/C Glider High Start Tutorial With Mike Smith that's gets into more detail and is well worth watching.
Step 2: Anchor
A dog stake or other ground anchor for the tubing.
A piece of wood to help you screw in the dog stake (put it though the triangle shaped handle and then you screw holding the ends of the wood.
A carabiner or other quick release clip to make attaching the tubing to the stake easier.
Step 3: Rubber Tubing
50 - 100 feet of rubber tubing. UV resistant if possible. Normal surgical tubing isn't UV resistant, and it will get brittle after too much time in the sun. Tie a key ring to each end and tape or heat shrink them too as shown in the photo.
For my set up it was 50 feet of UV resistant latex tubing purchased on ebay for $20
3/8 inch outside diameter 1/16 wall.
This is for BIG PLANES over a pound, and is a very fast take-off on my glider.
For smaller, lighter models weighing in at under a pound, 20-100 feet of 1/4 outside diameter tubing is good. And you may not need much if any tow line for tiny park flyers.
You'll notice I'm not giving exact numbers because as long as you have very stetchy tubing with enough pull, your highstart will work!. The longer the tubing, the more gentle and higher your launch will be.
What is important is that you'll be pulling 5 to 10 times the weight of your plane on the tubing to provide take off. If you have less pull than the weight of your plane, no take-off.
For me 8 - 10 pounds will get a good launch because my plane weighs two pounds.
To get higher launches you can use more pounds of pull or add more tubing.
The higher the pull/weight ratio is, the quicker and more dangerous your launch will be.
Step 4: The Tow Line
200 - 400 feet of 20-50 LB fishing line.
Again no need for exact numbers. Length is usually 4 - 6 times the length of tubing you are using but sometimes you don't have that large of a take-off area.
How many pound test: I use 25 Lb test. When I'm pulling back on the bungee I stretch the tubing until there's about 8 - 10 pounds of pull, so there is little chance of the line breaking.
You can use too much line, but more often that never happens as how many football fields do you have to use... Sometimes you may not have a long enough area to launch, in which case you can use a shorter line and stretch the bungee more that you normally would. This will make for a faster, quicker launch, more prone to failure and never as high.
My setup has 200 feet of tow line and several other lengths of 50 feet. This way, I can vary how long the tow line is, depending on how big my launch field is. I've found on my set-up, 350 feet of tow line will get the best results.
Tie fishing swivel fasteners at the ends so you can easily clip your tow lines and bungee together.
Kite string can be used but I find that fishing line works better as it has some elasticity which helps get a better launch.
Step 5: Tiny Parachute or Kite Tail
A 12 inch parachute or a kite tail of streamers tied to a small ring.
This will be attached at the end of the fishing line where you hook it to you plane.
The reason for having this is twofold: when the line releases, any wind will carry the line back towards your launching position, and you won't have to walk as far when retrieving the line for you next launch. And it helps you find the end of your highstart. The fishing line is sometimes invisible...
If you're using a parachute you'll need a small key ring mounted at the top and botton.
Step 6: Hose-reel (Optional)
A great way to store, unwind and wind up the bungee launcher.
You could also use other things for transport and storage of your highstart, such as a large cardboard tube...
Step 7: Assembly
Clip one end of the swivel on the tow line to your reel and roll it up.
Once the tow line has been reeled up, clip one end to the bungee tubing's key ring and roll up the tubing.
Make sure that you aren't stretching the tubing as it's rolled up because this is how you store and transport your highstart, not how you launch. Storing the tubing stretched will cause the tubing to lose elasticity, and that's no good.
Gather everything up and head out to a big field.
Step 8: Deployment
Check to see if there is a model airplane club in your area, that has it's own field, or has a suitable location and permission to access and fly there. Never use private property unless you have permission.
Safety Is Important: A large open field is required as you will need hundreds of feet of unobstructed space to deploy the bungee launcher. The area that you fly should not be near any airports, buildings or populated areas. Make sure you are following local laws pertaining to model airplanes. Don't ruin this sport by attempting to fly in areas close to were people are. A glider that weighs a couple pounds can severely injure or even cause a fatality if it crashed at high speed.
Place your anchor at the upwind end of your field. You always want to launch into the wind.
Make sure your anchor is firmly rooted in the ground. Give it a serious tug to make sure it won't pull free. If it does come loose when you're launching, you will have a dog stake projectile heading your way. Make sure there are no people near the launching area because of this possibility.
Take note of the above step. Failure to do so may result in a serious injury.
Connect one end of the tubing to the anchor and unreel it away from the anchor towards your take off postion. When you come to the end of the tubing, clip the fishing line onto it, and start unreeling the fishing line.
Once you have unreeled the fishing line, clip the parachute or kite tail to end.
If using a parachute, attach the lines end of the parachute to the fish line.
Hook the other chute ring to the tow hook of your glider, and start walking backwards. As the tension builds up, keep a firm grip on the plane. When you've reached the point where the tension is enough, it's time for launch.
Throw the glider forward and a bit upwards. When starting out, it's best if you have a helper be the one launching, so that you can have your hands on the radio, ready for the launch.
Remember to always launch your glider into the wind. If the wind shifts after you've un-spooled, don't be lazy and ignore the above advice: adjust the highstart so that you'll be launching into the wind. If you launch with a cross-wind, you'll be asking for trouble.
Thanks for checking out this instructable! Questions, suggestions or comments are welcome, and if I've left anything unclear please let me know.
Step 9: The Glider I'm Using
Carl Goldberg Gentle Lady
78 inch wing span
31 ounces (880 grams) including 6 ounce camera (170 g)
Here's a short video showing it: