Intro: Grow the Best TOMATO Varieties From Seed
We love tomatoes and we know you love them too.
They taste great and look awesome. Tomatoes are one of the most used vegetables. In Austria they are called “Paradeiser” (meaning something like apple from paradise). But not every tomato is red and round. There are existing so much different shapes, colours and of course tastes you won`t believe. In general, tomatoes are really easy to grow. But if you want to get extraordinary results, you really have to take care about a few things. But don`t be afraid, we will show you. If you like our instructables, don`t forget to subscribe and favorite, thank you for reading=)
Step 1: Determine Your Goals and Challenges
To select the right variety, you first have
to think about your goals, because there are a lot of variables influencing your success.
Do you just want to get a lot of tomatoes or do you want to grow extraordinary varieties?
Do you want to grow giant ones?
In which climate do you live?
Do you own a garden or a balcony?
Can you protect your tomatoes from rain?
How much space can you offer?
Step 2: Selecting the Right Variety for You!
Top 5 Most unusual varieties:
Voyage tomato http://goo.gl/9jVic0
Giant tomato or beefsteak tomato http://goo.gl/OtnR76
Green Zebra http://goo.gl/eYo1nC
Indigo Rose http://goo.gl/2sp5fD
Top 3 Most delicious (organic)
Black Zebra (my favorite) http://goo.gl/7J8DRf
Black from Tula http://goo.gl/w0v8Vy
Sub arctic maxi http://goo.gl/2EGyPC
Anna Russian http://goo.gl/Evf6a4
Some early F1 Hybrids maybe http://goo.gl/HRqXGv
High yielding and disease resistant
F1 Hybrids are the right choice here for you. They are an unstable crossing between varieties. They are often high yielding and resistant against diseases, but you are not able to select seeds from them because different tomatoes would grow in the next generation. I personally do not grow a lot of F1 Hybrids because I want to keep the older varieties, but it is on you
More seeds: http://goo.gl/urxYbn
Potting soil http://goo.gl/NDUKgW
Why potting soil? In potting soil, there are less germs as well as not much nutrients. So the roots of your seedling have to "search" for them and this helps to improve the root system.
Indoor green house http://goo.gl/Tk05I2
Tomato fertilizers http://goo.gl/DpBLwU
Step 3: Seedstarting
Depending on your space and on the variety,
start your seeds about 2 month before the last frost.
When you start earlier you will earlier be able to eat your own tomatoes.
Use good quality potting soil and fill it in a plastic box or indoor greenhouse. Sow your seeds on the soil and cover them with a bit of soil. Use only a little bit of pressure to press the soil and to give the seed sufficient contact to the soil. Make sure to mark and to separate your different varieties. They grow in different ways and you want to treat them right.
Keep the soil moist and the temperature warm to improve germination rate.
As soon as your plants are looking out of the earth place them a bit cooler but make sure they get a lot of light. You could also use grow lights.
Possible problems: Too less light and to warm (both or just one of them)
If your plants don`t get enough light or if it is too warm, they will grow very tall and thin. Finally they wouldn`t be able to carry their own weight and break down. So take care of this. If you really can`t protect them, transplant them even deeper.
Look here to build yourself a growlight to improve your results. https://www.instructables.com/id/60W-30-Dimmable-LE...
Step 4: Transplanting
As soon as you see a piece of a third leave
you should transplant your seedlings to single pots
I used plastic cups because they are inexpensive and easy to get. The challenge here is to plant your young seedlings deeper, but protect the leaves from dirt. Now your plant will start to develop additional roots on your stem, and this will make you plants even healthier. If you have started very early in the season, it should repeat this step and plant them in bigger pots. Otherwise the roots will grow radial and as soon as they get bigger, cut themselves off the water.
Step 5: Hardening Them Off
As soon as it gets warmer, take your young tomatoes outside for a few hours every day to harden them off. Make sure, that it is not too stormy and too cold.
Step 6: Planting Out
After the last frost you can finally plant them out. Be careful not to damage any roots. Therefore, use good quality planting soil with a lot of nutrients, your tomatoes need a many of them. If you want to grow them in buckets, make sure you use ones being large enough. Water your plants immediately after planting
Step 7: !! Pssssst Secret Hint!!
Because you have read so far, I will now tell you my secret tip(s) to get an outstanding yield!
When you dig your hole to plant your seedlings in the ground, dig a bit deeper. Add some fresh cow or horse manure and then add just a little bit of garden soil, then add Mycorrhiza (http://goo.gl/oSYEOM) ,
(Learn more about Mycorrhiza https://www.instructables.com/id/Save-fertilizer-yo... )
it will help your plants to get huge! The manure works like a long time fertilizer and will provide your plants with the necessary nutrients the whole summer long. The mykos will prevent your plants from stress. You should also plant your tomatoes deeper again to get even more roots!
Step 8: Pruning
To really get the best out of your plants, some varieties need regularly to be pruned. In general, plants with small fruits often don`t to be pruned very much or completely not. For other plants with bigger fruits it could be a good idea to grow them single stem or two stem. Please check your chosen varieties.
Step 9: Taking Care
Most of the tomato plants will grow very high. So protect them from breaking down. Therefore, stick a staff in the ground and bind the plants to the staff. Make sure to do it the right way and not to firm. Just to hold them in place.
Step 10: Disease Protection
Tomato plants don’t like water on their leafs. So protect them with a greenhouse or a roof against rain. Also remove the first leafs of the plant as soon as it is big enough, because every time you water them, a little bit splashes back to the leaves. It is also recommened to cover your soil with mulch or a garden foil, because the disease comes from the ground.
Step 11: Pollination
To get more tomatoes, make sure bees are able to come to the plants as soon as they are flowering. Wind is also a choice. Shaking your plants or using a vibrating tooth brush will enhance this even more. So you will get a lot of fruits
Step 12: Harvesting
Harvest your tomatoes as soon as they are ripe. It might be a little bit hard to recognize whether a green variety had ripen yet. So gently press them to recognize how hard they are. When they become softer, you can eat them.
Step 13: Late Season Optimation
In the early autumn, about three weeks before the first frost, cut down all new flowers, blossoms and tribes. So you can be sure that the remaining tomatos will ripen soon
Thank you for reading =) Please let us know, how it has worked out for you.