Introduction: How to Make a To-Scale Model of the Parthenon in Greece
I've always been kind of interested in ancient Greek architecture, so one day while I was bored, I decided to make a to-scale model of the Parthenon in Greece. This proved to be actually quite simple, only cutting out different sized rectangles, and gluing some painted wooden dowels in, and presto! you have the Parthenon! In case you didn't know, the ancient Greeks contributed a lot to our modern day architecture, like columns and friezes, and even invented porches. Ok, enough of the history lesson, lets get to building!
-Pen, pencil, scissors, etc.
-Xacto knife, and a few extra blades
-Ruler, and Meter stick (with English units)
-Lots of large sheets of foam core
-3/8" wide wooden dowel
-ruler scale (like the kind that looks like a 3 pronged ruler, and converts say 13' to inches, GREAT for scaling)
-All-purpose tape (NOT SCOTCH)
-Hot glue gun and a few extra sticks of glue
-Computer that has printing abilities
-1 sheet of poster board with corkboard on top
-5/8" wide balsa wood dowel, 15', or 5-3' long rods
-Saw to cut dowels
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Step 1: Sketchup Model
As a guide, I used a Google Sketchup model of the Parthenon that I got off the 3D warehouse. For those of you who don't know, sketchup is a 3d program mainly used for architecture, and has lots of nice features to help with modeling. Sketchup can be obtained at http://www.sketchup.com/download. Once you have this downloaded, click on "File" then go down to "3D Warehouse" then click on "Get Models...". Now search Parthenon in the search box (where else?) and find a good model that you can use. Now click import-directly into model.
Step 2: The Roof
Start out by cutting out a rectangle out of the foam core that is 2.5' by 1'. Now cut out 2 rectangles 2.5' by 1". Now cut out 2 more rectangles 1' by 1". Now cut out 1 rectangle that is 2.5' by 3". Now cut out 2 rectangles 2.5' by 7". Whew, that was a LOT of rectangles. Now that is done, time to glue it all together. Start by taking the 2.5'x1" and 1'x1" rectangles and gluing them around the largest 2.5'x1' so that they make a rim around the entire base, as shown in the pic. Next, take the 2.5'x3" rectangle and glue it lengthwise down the center of the main piece, on the same side that the edges are sticking up on. This piece should be standing straight up. After this is done, take the two roof pieces, and glue them so one long edge is glued onto the top of the 2.5x3" rectangle, and the other side glued on the top edge of the longer edge pieces. If this doesn't make sense, refer to the pictures. Lastly, cut out a triangle to fit into the gaps at either short end of the roof, and glue it in place. (PS, it may be easier to glue the triangle in place before you glue the roof pieces in, but I did it as written out.
Step 3: The Columns, URRGHH
This was my least favorite part, you have to make 50 columns. That is a lot. It may not seem like it, but it is. Trust me. To make it not sooo bad, I recommend some good music, the stuff I listened to was Winside-Reapers, found at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYPNG0Wg2zw. Start by taking the wooden dowels, and cutting 50-3" sections. After this is done, take the white duct tape, and cut a 3" long section, and wrap it lengthwise around one of the dowel sections. Do this to all the other columns. Yep, all 50 of them. Once you have done this, cut a 7/8" wide, 3' long strip of foam core, and cut it into little sections 7/8" long, effectively making 50 small squares. Note that the 3' might be too little or much, but you just have to be able to accommodate all of the pieces. Take the glue gun, and glue all of these squares to the taped dowel section. Note: The tape most likely will not fit all the way around the dowel, but that is ok. To save time, I just made it so that part of the column was facing away from the outside of the model.
PS: Sorry if my attitude seems a little grumpy in this step, but this really made me angry, making all these tiny things. >:(
Step 4: The Platform
This is really quite easy. All you have to do is make another 2.5'x1' rectangle, and make two other 3 1/4" by 2' rectangles, and two 10' by 3 1/4" rectangles, and glue the shorter ones parallel 3" from the 1' long edge, and the longer ones 1" parallel from the longer edges of the base. Now glue all this to the corkboard stuff, to give the dirt effect. Now print out the included picture of the statue of Athena, and cut it out, then glue it onto cardboard, and cut it out again. Then glue it on one of the shorter sides in the center of the base you made.
Step 5: The Freizes and Pediments
Now, all you have to do is print out the provided pics, and glue them onto the listed places. Start by printing and cutting out the pics above. Next glue the long rectangular strips around the edge of the roof on the small edge pieces, so that they wrap around. You may have to reprint some of these, but that is ok. Now take the triangular pics, and glue them on the triangular part at either end of the roof.
Step 6: Place the Roof Onto the Base
Now all you have to do is put the roof onto the base. Put hot glue on the corner columns, and also one column in between each corner, and quickly place the roof onto this.
Step 7: Done!
Yays! Now you are done, and you can now proudly display your model of the Parthenon! You can add more detail to it if you want, but I was under a time constraint, so I kept it sweet and simple. This for me only took two days, but I put in a lot of hard work to get it done.