How to Measure With Micrometer

Introduction: How to Measure With Micrometer

About: I truly enjoy making things...

A micrometer is an essential tool for taking precise measurements. It has a precision of 0.01 mm and if you ever aspire to make something with tight tolerance you will probably need to use it. We will have a look at how to use a traditional analog micrometer and how to read the dimension correctly.

In the video, I am showing how to take the measurement and also talking a little bit about how the micrometer is made. So this could be helpful for understanding this device a little better.

Supplies:

  • Micrometer
  • Part to measure

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Step 1: Take the Measurement

  1. Place your part between the measuring faces.
  2. Bring the measuring face towards the part by rotating the spindle.
  3. When you are close use rachet to press the measuring face against the part. You should achieve sufficient measuring force by rotating the rachet two or three times around.
  4. Now you can lock the dimension using the locking nut.

Step 2: Reading the Linear Graduation

Read the linear graduation. :)

The number of lines on the top of the horizontal zero line tells you the millimeters. We can see 4 lines for this measurement. Meaning our measurement is over 4 mm.

Lines under the horizontal zero line show us the half-millimeters. When you can not see the half-millimeter line it means that your dimension is between 4.0 and 4.5 mm. If we can see the half mm line, it means that the dimension is between 4.5 and 5 mm.

Step 3: Reading the Thimble Graduation

This graduation shows you the tenths and hundreds of a millimeter. It is divided into 50 graduations. There fore each graduation equals 0.01 mm. We will simply have a look at which graduation lines up with the horizontal zero line. For this part, we can see that the number is 29. Because we can not see the half-millimeter line we just add this number to 4.0 mm. Therefore our final dimension is 4.29 mm.

If on the other hand, we could see the half mm line, we would add this number to 4.5 mm and the result would be 4.79 mm.

Step 4: Final Tips

Reading the micrometer can be tricky when you are not used to it. To mitigate any reading error, it is helpful to take a rougher measurement with calipers first to see what dimension you are aiming for.

If you wanna practice reading a micrometer then here is a pretty sweet micrometer simulator.

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    Discussions

    0
    EdwardF58
    EdwardF58

    Tip 4 days ago on Introduction

    I just wanted to add the proper way of holding a micrometer. With your right hand, using your pinky finger and the finger next to it, grip the frame with the front of the micrometer facing you. This grip allows you to hold the micrometer upright and enables you to spin the spindle using your pointer finger and thumb. This grip also frees up your left hand to enable you to hold the item being measured.

    One last thing is to calibrate your tool against a known reference. The cheapest method to ensure your 0-1" (0-25mm) micrometer is measuring correctly is to use gap feeler gauges.