Oven-Baked "Fried" Donuts

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This has been an adventure.

I recently acquired donut pans and have been experimenting with different recipes. All the recipes I found were very cake like. However, I wanted to make something more like a fried donut but baked in the oven. Fried donuts are made with a yeast dough, something I have experience with. Then I discovered the Instructables Baking Challenge. I decided that I wanted to try and enter with my not yet developed recipe for Oven-Baked "Fried" Donuts.

But I had a slight problem.

The contest deadline was in 6 days.

And I had never made or developed a recipe before.

I quickly made up a recipe for a yeast dough, guessing on the amounts of all the ingredients. I made the dough, adjusting the amount of flour as I went along. I let it rise, refrigerated it, and then shaped and baked them. They were surprisingly edible! However, they were VERY dense and rather chewy, so I judged that I had added too much flour.

5 days to deadline.

I reduced the flour and made it again. The second batch was much lighter and easier to chew but didn’t taste quite right. The dough itself tasted more like a pizza dough than a donut. My main problem was that the dough was not sweet enough, so I decided to try adding more sugar.

2 days to deadline.

I started batch three, with more sugar and shortening instead of butter. (I had read a bunch of copycat Krispy Kreme recipes and a lot of them had shortening, so I thought I would give it a try. In the end I don’t think that I could tell a difference between the batch with butter and the batch with shortening.) They were better, but still not quite the taste I want. I decided that I like the consistency of the dough, though I will continue to try and make them fluffier in the future. I only had time to make one more batch, so I decided to add more sugar and add a little more vanilla and salt in the hopes that it would enhance the flavor of the dough. The day before the contest ended I made batch four and took pictures. It worked pretty well! I want to continue to improve it, and if you have any suggestions, I would love to hear them! Onto the recipe!

Step 1: Read the Recipe...

You will need:

3/4 c. Milk

1/2 c. Granulated Sugar

2 tsp. Yeast (I use Instant Dry, Fast-Acting)

2 Eggs

5 tbsp. Shortening or Butter(soften the butter)

1/2 tsp. Vanilla

2 1/2 c. All-Purpose Flour

1/4 tsp. Salt

Non-stick spray and/ or oil

and a large bowl, a whisk, a spatula, a rolling pin, a glass measuring cup, and a donut cookie cutter(or substitute).

Step 2: Preheat Your Oven

Preheat your oven to 200 degrees F. We want it to warm up so that the dough can rise in a warm place. When it is done preheating, turn it off.

Step 3: Yeast Activation

Put the milk into the glass measuring cup and heat it in the microwave for about 35 seconds, or until the milk is between 110-120 degrees F. If it is below 110 then it won't activate the yeast, but if it is above 120, it will kill the yeast.

Step 4: Add the Sugar and Yeast

Once your milk is ready, stir in the sugar and yeast, then set aside for about 10 minutes.

Step 5: Combine the Wet Ingredients

In a large mixing bowl, whisk the eggs, the shortening (or softened butter), the salt, and the vanilla together.

Step 6: Add the Milk/Sugar/Yeast Mixture

Once your yeast has set for a 10 minutes, it should have grown about 1/2 inch or so. Add it to the wet ingredients, make sure that you get all of the sugar that has collected on the bottom of the measuring cup. Whisk it all together.

Step 7: Add the Flour

Gradually whisk in the flour, reserving a little less than 1/2 cup. At this point it won't really look like dough, nor will it form a ball. Instead, it will look more like a very thick brownie batter.

Step 8: Let It Rise

Cover it with a towel and place in the warm oven. If your oven feels too hot, leave the door slightly open so that it doesn't start baking your dough. Leave it in there for about 1 hour. This gives the yeast a chance to grow, usually doubling the size of the dough.

Step 9: Adding More Flour

Once your dough has risen, take it out of the oven and uncover. Sprinkle some of the rest of the flour on top of the dough. Use your spatula to fold it into the dough. Slowly add the rest of the 1/2 cup, folding as you go. You may have to add more flour before it starts to form a ball.

Step 10: Kneading

Once you think you can handle the dough with out to much difficulty, turn it out onto a heavily floured surface. Start kneading, it will be sticky, but you can add more flour if you need to, just try not to add too much more than a 1/4 cup. It will probably still be sticky, even after adding that much more flour, stick it out though, the faster you move, the easier it is. Knead it for 4-5 minutes, than place it back in the bowl. (The last picture shows the dough once I was done kneading it, yes, it will still be sticky)

Step 11: Keep Your Dough Fresh With Oil!

I like to dab a little oil on top of the dough and around the rim of the bowl. This helps keep the dough fresh.

Step 12: Chill the Dough

At this point you have a choice. Either you can chill the dough overnight, or you can chill it for a few hours. Either way, chilling it will make it easier to roll it out later. Also, don't be alarmed if it continues to rise in the fridge, it's fine. However, if you are leaving it until the morning, I would suggest punching the dough down before you go to bed.

Step 13: Prepare Your Pans

You can prep your pans one of two ways. Either you can use non-stick spray, or you can brush them with oil. I've tried both ways but haven't noticed a difference in taste. I used a cake pan for my donut holes.

Step 14: Roll Out the Dough

Lightly flour your counter, then turn your dough out onto it. Using your rolling pin roll the dough out until it is about 1/2 inch thick.

Step 15: Cut Out the Donut Shapes

I don't have a donut cookie cutter, so I used a cup and a small circular thing (that I think is a toothpick holder??). Just use whatever you have on hand. Try to get all of your donuts cut out the first time, because a) it will be harder the second time because the dough has warmed up, and b) they won't be quite as good as the first ones.

Now, this recipe makes either 12 donuts and 66 donut holes(!!!) or, 18 donuts and a few donut holes. OR, you could probably just reduce the recipe by a 1/3, which I think would get you 12 donuts and some donut holes.

Step 16: Place in Pans and Brush With Oil

I forgot a picture of this step, but it's pretty easy. Place the donuts in their pans. Brush oil on top of the donuts and dab a little onto the donut holes.

Step 17: Put Them in Your Oven

Notice that I haven't had you preheat your oven yet. Don't worry, it's coming...

Place your donuts and donut holes in the oven, THEN turn your oven onto 425 degrees Fahrenheit. We do this so that the donut holes can rise as the oven preheats. It also helps them get a beautiful golden color as the oil slowly browns.

Step 18: Bake Them!

Here's where it might get a little tricky.

All ovens are different, so you may have to watch them the first time. My oven preheated for 13 minutes, but once it was ready the donuts only baked for about 2 minutes. The donuts holes went in at the same time, but pull them out about a minute earlier than the donuts. They should be a nice, golden brown on top, but to make sure that they are fully baked use a fork to pry into the middle of one. I found that this way works best, better color, better texture, better donuts! But I also tried two other ways:

I tried baking them for a few minutes, flipping them and then baking them a few more minutes. Let's just say that I wouldn't recommend it. I also tried preheating the oven while the donuts rose (outside of the oven) then baking them. But again, I decided that I liked the way I told you to do it, the best.

NOTE: The donut holes will not look golden brown on top, but pull one apart to determine whether its ready or not.

Step 19: To Frost, or to Glaze...

Frost them with you favorite frosting or glaze! I used this recipe for my chocolate glaze/frosting, and this one for my glaze:

3 tbsp. melted Butter

2 tbsp. hot Water

1 c. Powdered Sugar

1 tsp. Vanilla

Step 20: Enjoy!

Even though it isn't perfect yet, I'm very pleased with the results. Again, if you have any suggestions to make the dough sweeter, I would love to hear them!

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    23 Discussions

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    Kgillmore1

    4 weeks ago

    My mother’s recipe which is fabulous and fried adds lemon extract as well as the vanilla. I wonder if that is the flavor you are missing

    1 reply
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    ANDRELAS

    6 months ago

    I'd like to see a cross section, but they look good outside.

    3 replies
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    CinderellasMiceANDRELAS

    Reply 6 months ago

    I'm not really sure what you mean by a cross section? Like an x on top like if it were bread?

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    ANDRELASCinderellasMice

    Reply 6 months ago

    I just thought to be able to see inside the doughnut's bread structure would be very informative by cutting one in half and getting a look. Thanks.

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    CinderellasMiceANDRELAS

    Reply 6 months ago

    You're RIGHT! I should have done that! Next time I make them I'll take a pic. Good idea!

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    yrralguthrie

    6 months ago on Step 1

    Afraid I don't see much point to baking donuts. Yeast dough, a glaze of some kind. Not frying is not going to remove enough fat and grease to make much difference in calories. They are still heart attack helpers. LOL

    1 reply
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    CinderellasMiceyrralguthrie

    Reply 6 months ago

    True! Let's just not tell out New Years Resolutions that we ate them okay:) I actually had trouble with that too, because I knew that frying removes a lot of grease really fast, I thought maybe raising the temp of the oven would work. I'm not sure that it helped though... But they are still pretty good!

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    bfiore

    Question 6 months ago on Step 20

    These look great and I will definitely have to try my hand at it.
    Question: since you have a donut tray, did you give consideration to rolling the dough out into a long cylinder and cutting it into lengths to curve around into a donut ring rather than cookie-cuttering them out? I'm not sure how that might impact the dough. I get that you don't get the donut holes as an added treat and that the rings won't likely be seemless, but just thought I'd ask.

    1 answer
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    CinderellasMicebfiore

    Answer 6 months ago

    I though about doing that and trying to bake them on a cookie sheet or something, but I decided not to. I think it would still work though. That might end up being more work though, but you could probably use a cup to cut them out and bake them in a cake pan or something similar. If you try it, I would love to hear how it goes!

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    DwightC11

    6 months ago

    It's funny, . . . I was wandering thru the grocery store yesterday, . . . wishing I had a decent recipe I could try for making my own doughnuts. Sometimes the Lord supplies our wants or needs before we even think of them. Thanks for being the able bodied and willing messenger. Those look really great, . . . especially the chocolate iced ones (my favorite).

    1 reply
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    scottcoulson

    6 months ago

    For additional sweetness, have you tried adding an artificial sweetner that is made for cooking, such as Sucralose? The sweetness per amount of sweetner is usually much greater than sugar without adding much more "mass" to the recipe and shouldn't affect the chemistry involved very much, if at all. I am suggesting adding the artificial sweetner, not substituting because that would definitely change the chemistry involved.

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    CinderellasMicescottcoulson

    Reply 6 months ago

    I wondered about doing that, but I've never used artificial sweetners before. Thanks for the suggestion!

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    DawnP86

    6 months ago on Step 20

    Maybe try powdered sugar in the dough instead of granular sugar?

    1 reply
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    meraki

    6 months ago on Step 20

    I think you forgot to add the two eggs to the ingredients?
    Nevertheless they look yummy, especially the ones with the chocolate glazing.

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    CinderellasMicemeraki

    Reply 6 months ago

    You're right! Thanks for alerting me, I just fixed it!

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    seamster

    6 months ago

    Dough or doughnut, there is no fry.