Introduction: Quick Writing Desk in the Shaker Style
As we geared up for the new school year last fall, my wife and I realized that we really needed a writing desk for one of children to use. Given that the school year had already started, I saw this a challenge to build a project very quickly!!
Teachers! Did you use this instructable in your classroom?
Add a Teacher Note to share how you incorporated it into your lesson.
Step 1: Option: Video Build
If you would prefer, you can watch a video build. Otherwise, read on!
Step 2: Making Plans
I went down to my shop and started poking around and found this partial sheet of oak veneered plywood. This was a leftover from a previous project. This plywood had a simply gorgeous piece of clear straight-grained oak veneer on it, and so I had put it aside to save for a deserving project.
Given that this was going to be a quick project, I decided that I was going to keep all the construction techniques simple: A plywood top, some hardwood trim, and quick and easy pocket-hole joinery.
(But read on and you'll see that things change...)
I started with some online searches for inspiration. I was thinking that this would be a fairly minimalist project, given that I wanted it to be built quickly, so I browsed for Mid Century Modern desks as well as Shaker desks, and other similar furniture. Very quickly I came across a few designs that I really quite liked, and I started doodling some rough sketches on paper, putting together the features that I liked, adding my own touches, and adjusting it to be the size that we needed.
My next stop was the computer, where I drew up this design in sketchup. Here are a few features that I want to highlight.
First, this desk was "just" going to have a plywood top. But I didn't want it to look like that. So I got the idea to add some "fake" breadboard ends to the top of the desk, to give it the look of a solid-wood farmhouse tabletop. Next, I plan to taper the legs, so they don't just look square and blocky. Note that the taper will begin below the lower stretchers. Also, a sort of arched cutout in the front will both add some clearance as well as a nice decorative touch.
Step 3: Basic Plans Available
Here are two images with all of the measurements included, in case you would like to know those details
Step 4: The Top
I cross-cut the panel to size -- leaving room for the faux breadboard ends that I would be adding later...
Then I used glue and pins to attach some thin oak trim to the sides. I later filled the pin holes with sawdust and glue, which worked pretty well. Some of the pins are still visible (fortunately, on the back side of the desk) but most of the holes basically disappeared.
Step 5: Fake Breadboard Ends
Here is a test fit of one of the breadboard ends. It is of course impossible to hide this joint, given that the wood grain meets at a perpendicular angle. Instead I used a block plane to lightly chamfer the two edges where they meet, creating a shadow line.
I used 1/4" dowels for attaching the fake breadboard ends to the plywood top. I used six, but in hindsight I wish I'd used a few more, just in case someone leans heavily on the end of the desk.
Step 6: Legs and Assembly
I wanted 2" wide legs, so I glued up some boards to make them thicker.
(This was actually the first thing I did as part of this desk build. Once I had a rough idea of what I was building, I glued these blanks up and set them aside to dry. This was so that they would be dry by the time I was ready to use them, and I wouldn't have to wait.)
The legs blanks were then jointed, and ripped into four pieces, and planed to final 2" thickness.
I next marked the bottom of the legs for the taper. I want the lower part of the legs to taper (on the two inside faces only) down to an inch and a quarter. You could then use a tapering jig, but I typically freehand those cuts on my large bandsaw, and then sand and plane them to finish them off.
In the third photo is my first dry-fit of the desk. It is of course upside-down, as it is hard to dryfit a desk or table right-side up when you are using pocket-hole joinery like I am. The front rail is fitted into place, but has not yet had the curve made.
I started this build on a Saturday evening, and continued it the following Sunday afternoon. Partway through the afternoon I realized that I did not have enough pocket hole screws to build this project. In fact, I had maybe half of what I needed. Note that the legs were 2" thick and the rails were 1" thick, so I needed the longer 1-1/2" pocket hole screws. So I had to switch to using dowel joinery on the end assemblies. This slowed me down a little bit, but I was actually happy with this, since I like the strength of dowels and that the joinery is all hidden.
In the final photo, I am attaching the rear crosspieces with pocket hole screws. I also used pocket hole screws up through the top rails to attach the top to the legs. (Visible in a photo in the next section) With five screws holding the rail to the leg, this is really quite a solid joint.
Also, note that I did not use any glue on these joints at all. This allows me to potentially come back and modify the desk to add drawers. It also allows the desk to be disassembled to pack flat, though I can't really forsee that happening.
Step 7: Labelling : Toner Transfer
I always like to label my projects in an inconspicuous place.
I am using the "toner transfer method" which I learned from John Heisz at ibuildit.ca
This is a very quick and simple method to label projects. First, you print out a label on plain piece of paper through a laser printer. It must be a laser printer, not an inkjet! Second, you need to print the label backwards (Mirror image). Third, you position the paper on your project, and optionally hold it down with some painters tape. Finally you moisten a rag with some acetone and wipe it over the back of the paper. Allow it to dry (the solvent evaporates quickly -- USE VENTILLATION) and then peel back the paper.
I don't actually have a photo of the label from this product, so I dug up an image from a previous project to illustrate the end result. You don't get a perfect transfer of all the toner, but it still is far better than my handwriting!!!
Step 8: Finishing Up.
I ended up using six coats of polyurethane on the top. I wanted a solid finish there, as a desk has to endure some hard use. The last two coats were wiped on with a rag, which gave a smoother finish than with the foam brush.
With polyurethane projects, I usually will then dribble some water on the top (as I am doing here) and then buff it with a 3M pad. This pad is equivalent to #0000 steel wool, but of course you should never use steel wool on a project with waterbased finish on it. The water helps lubricate the pad and it gives just a nice final buff/polish to the polyurethane.
After that you need to be patient. This was a quick project, yes, but I still left it in the shop for a full 3 days after the final coat, to allow the finish to cure and harden fully.
And here it is, installed upstairs and ready for use.
Step 9: Photo Gallery
To sum up... I started designing this at about 4pm on a Saturday evening. I continued until about 10pm that night, and then worked another 4-5hrs the following afternoon. By that point the project was fully built. So in total it took about 8-10 hrs to build this desk. So in a sense, it is a one day project. However, the finishing process potentially adds another 2-3 days, depending on the finish you use and the time you have available. I would typically apply a coat of finish in the morning before going off to my day job. Then in the evening I could sand, clean of the dust, and then apply another coat. And after all of that, came the 3 days of curing. So it was the following Saturday that I brought the piece out of my shop ready to be used.
And here are a few more photos of the project.