Reading Digital Callipers With an Arduino / USB

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Intro: Reading Digital Callipers With an Arduino / USB

How to use an Arduino to read the signal from a set of digital callipers and send the reading over USB.

Why?
This might be useful for accurate position sensing in home made / hacked computer aided manufacture systems. Adds USB functionality to your callipers.


A great reference on reading digital callipers can be found at:
http://www.shumatech.com/support/chinese_scales.htm

What this instructable adds to the shumatech tutorial is:
How to use an Arduino to read the callipers (using very few extra components).
Details of another protocol found to be in use on some callipers.
Basic Arduino code is provided.

To see more of my work please visit j44industries.


Step 1: The Callipers

The callipers I have been working with were the Electronic Digital Callipers by Precision Gold. I bought the callipers from Maplin (item code N48AA) in the UK for just under £20.

After some experimenting with a multi meter and a  jyetech oscilloscope (a very cheap basic oscilloscope that can be bought in kit form for under £40) I found the pins to be as shown in the diagram.


Step 2: Voltages: Logic and Power

The Arduino uses 5V logic but the callipers output 1.5V logic. This is a bit of a bodge and may not always work, really a proper logic level conversion circuit should be used but the flowing is a simple hack that worked well with my Arduino:

My Arduino changed between logic high and logic low at about 2.5V (this could vary a bit between boards).

Connecting the positive pin on the callipers to the 3.3V supply means when the clock and data pins are connected to the arduino their voltage seems to vary between 3.3V and 1.8V, which is the Arduino reads as logic high and low respectively.


Powering the callipers with the Arduino:

To avoid needing a battery in the callipers the power circuit pictured can be used (remove the button cell). This method relies on using an LED to regulate the supply voltage for the callipers.

Resistor
About 200Ohm


Capacitor
I used a 10uF which worked well, but there would be no harm in using a larger capacitance. 2V or more rating.


LED
For the LED try to find one which has as close to a 1.6V drop across it as possible.
I used a red LED with a 1.8V drop across it. Red and IR LEDs tend to have low voltage drops across them.


Step 3: The Data Protocol

The data protocol used on my callipers was as follows:

Clock pulse as shown in the picture.

Reading the data on a falling clock edge gave a sensible output.

Example data output:

1,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,  (Screen shows 0.00 mm or 0.000 inches)
1,0,0,0, 1,0,1,1, 1,1,1,0, 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,  (Screen shows 10.00mm)
1,0,0,1,  0,0,1,1,  0,0,0,0,  0,0,0,0,  0,0,0,0,  0,1,0,0, (Screen shows -1.00mm)
1,0,0,0,  1,1,0,0,  1,0,1,0,  1,1,1,0,  0,0,0,0,  0,0,0,0, (Screen shows 150.00mm)


Interpretation of data:

?,X,X,X, X,X,X,X, X,X,X,X, X,X,X,X, ?,?,?,?, ?,Y,?,?
? = Not sure
X's for a binary number with least significant bit at the start of the string. The binary number is the distance in mm times 100.
Y = Sign bit if Y = 1 number is negative if Y = 0 number is positive.

Note: make sure the callipers are set to mm the inches mode behaves very similarly except the least significant bit is used to show 1/2000ths of an inch.


Step 4: Arduino Code

This is a very basic Arduino code that should be compatible with several calliper data protocols.
There are commas in between each value to make it easy to use .CSV files to import the data into spreadsheets.

The main requirement of this code is that the data is read on the falling edge of a clock pulse.

Hopefully this code should mean when you connect your Arduino to the computer and use the serial monitor at 115200 Baud you will get sensible looking binary out.

Trouble shooting:
If the length of the binary strings changes a lot you may have the clock and data pins the wrong way around.

Code:

//Simple Digital Calliper Reader
//See http://j44industries.blogspot.com/

// Pin Declarations
int dataIn = 11;
int clockIn = 12;

// Variables
int clock = 1;
int lastClock = 1;
unsigned long time = 0;
unsigned long timeStart = 0;
int out = 0;


void setup() {
  // Pin Set Up
  pinMode(dataIn, INPUT);     
  pinMode(clockIn, INPUT);  


  Serial.begin(115200);
  Serial.println("Ready: ");
}


void loop(){

  lastClock = clock;
  clock = digitalRead(clockIn);

  if (lastClock == 1 && clock == 0){
    out = digitalRead(dataIn)+digitalRead(dataIn)+digitalRead(dataIn); // Tripple sampling to remove glitches
    if((micros() - time) > 800){
      Serial.println(" ");
    }
    else if((micros() - time) > 400){
      Serial.print("  ");
    }

    if (out > 1){
      Serial.print("1");
    }
    else{
      Serial.print("0");
    }
    Serial.print(",");
    time = micros();
  }
}




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    38 Discussions

    0
    None
    dobata

    1 year ago

    Congratulations, the trick about connect the 1.5V and 3.3V positives and use the led as voltage divider is very smart!

    0
    None
    MarcR15

    1 year ago

    The example code doesn't perfectly correspond to the example data output.

    In the code, a 400 microsecond delay will print out a single space character. But in the example data output, you have commas.

    0
    None
    dan3008

    1 year ago

    I got the exact same callipers yesterday from maplin for £9.99 on sale :D Looking at doing this now, so I can use the calipers with my computer :D

    0
    None
    Raphango

    1 year ago

    Great! Congratulations!!

    0
    None
    sspence

    3 years ago on Introduction

    For the 52 bit Mitutoyo protocol, see https://www.instructables.com/id/Interfacing-a-Digital-Micrometer-to-a-Microcontrol/

    0
    None
    sspence

    3 years ago on Introduction

    I have a 5 pin Igaging Origin unit. Do you have any pinout data?

    0
    None
    paulodrugos

    3 years ago on Introduction

    Thanks a lot for the example and the arduino code!

    I find out how to convert the binary output from the caliper to decimal value, the caliper sends a 24bits package.

    That package follows the pattern attached, so the value is in that 16 bits (from bit1 to bit16) reversed...

    Example: My caliper measure 59.0mm, the data output was: 1,0,1,0, 0,1,0,0, 0,1,1,1, 0,1,0,0, 0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0.

    Reversing the 16 bits I got: 0001011100010010, wich, in decimal, is 5906

    bits.png
    0
    None
    linux-works

    3 years ago on Introduction

    what is the purpose of the capacitor across the diode? I see the diode is a 'poor mans zener' and the series R is the current limit so the zener (I mean diode) won't burn out. but why do you need a cap across it? for extra filtering? you would be feeding clean dc to this, anyway, right?

    1 reply
    0
    None
    j44linux-works

    Reply 3 years ago

    Your interpritation of the circuit is correct, I am probably being paranoid with the capacitor. It was to try to avoid any issues if the callipers briefly drew more power.

    hello sir, i am impressived by what you done for this project, but i have a problem, i try using different calliper(which is mitutoyo calliper) but i can't get any signal come out from the data or clock at all, is that because Mitutoyo Calliper have special way to send out the signal or its just my mistake on my process.

    2 replies

    as was already discussed in the article, the mitutoyo protocol is NOT the same as this one. you would be wasting your time trying to apply this code to a Mit caliper.

    0
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    alaboz

    4 years ago on Introduction

    Hi J44,

    Thanks for your share, really helped me a lot. But could you give me some clues about how to read the measurement once a day and store it, or send it via nrf24l01 to a station?

    I even couldnt understand well the data type that is printed on serial.

    0
    None
    ghoward7

    4 years ago on Introduction

    Hi all,

    I have done a little work on the protocol for my scales, I am trying to use a single Arduino and LCDkeypad as a DRO for my lathe.

    In terms of the string format I have noticed that the last bit (bit 23) of the string is an output to determine whether the caliper is set to mm or inches. (You can only see this change though if you read the data line on the rising clock edge.) In my case 0 =mm 1= inches.

    I hope this helps some of you, as by reading this bit correctly, the setting on the caliper can become irrelevant if you just want to change the units once via the DRO interface.

    0
    None
    cs1066

    5 years ago on Introduction

    And it reads 10 mm As

    0,
    0, 0,0, 0,
    0, 0,
    0, 0, 0,
    0, 0,
    0, 0, 0,
    0, 0,
    0, 0,
    0,0,0, 0,
    0,0,
    0,

    There is something wrong which i can't figure out. Please help

    0
    None
    cs1066

    5 years ago on Introduction

    I exactly used the same config and code but my compiler is not reading 1 at all instead it gives out put for 0 mm as 0, 0,0, 0,
    0, 0,
    0, 0,
    0, 0,
    0, 0, 0,
    0, 0,
    0, 0,
    0, 0,
    0,0,
    0,


    Which does not matches with the output in the instruction. kindly help

    0
    None
    knudel

    5 years ago on Introduction

    I have found it.
    The data must be converted backwards.
    Now it works perfect.

    0
    None
    knudel

    5 years ago on Introduction

    Thank you for this manual. It works great.
    I do not understand how I convert the data output to a number.
    could you please help me?

    0
    None
    sizala

    5 years ago on Step 4

    and the WXWS's code does not show anything on the monitor at all.