Hello , again ,
As you know there are several instructables on building Bike Lighting systems ,but , hey i wanted to post my own .
After a couple of hours searching instructables ,I haven't saw a proper Bulb-Led conversion , i've just saw some spam or ones with incomplete instructions .
Now i will show you how to retrofit an LED array into a Regular Light bulb , which i think is brighter cleaner , and lotsa times cooler .
As a Bonus i used this LED array in my Bike's Dynamo, Voila, Much more output and half the Power .
Step 1: Materials 'N' Tools
For my Array I used 3 LEDs but you can use up to 5 (well you can really use more , but there is not enough space...)
3-5 White Ultra-Bright LEDs (mine were 4900mcd)
1 Used, Burnt or Spare Screw-type Bulb
5-10 CMs(2-5inches)of Small Gauge Wire (mine came from an IDE cable,which is 26AWG)
1 Small Piece of Scrap circuit board (mine had a Dotted design,which is pretty Common)
-The Usual Soldering Equipment ( Soldering iron , Solder , Helping Hands, Sponge ,Etc)
-Needle or fine tipped Pliers (mine are rusty, That's Why i used my Multi-tool)
-A round file
-Hobby knife (i used A hobbico body and a X-acto blade)
-Hot glue and hot glue gun
(Not shown but handy to have )
-A fine tipped Permanent marker
-6 Volt supply and alligator clips
-A Small alligator clip
Step 2: Some Notes About LEDs
(thanks for the suggestions , PKM , Killerjackalope,and AndyGadget)
Our LED array should be Arranged in Parallel , it means LEDs should share positive and Negative Rails .
LEDs are diodes by themselves , so the need for A bridge rectifier is almost unnecesary , yet you
can put one if desired .
The Specs of my LEDs are
Forward Voltage 3.2 - 3.8 Volts
Average Current 25mA
And mcd is 4900
Step 3: Crack That Sucker !
This step can be a little messy and/or Dangerous ,
You've heard right DANGEROUS , i'm not liable if a small shard of glass poke one of your eyes
Remember to remove the solder from the nipple(if it's called like that...)and from the side .
The Safe Method to Remove the old bulb , consist of wrapping the Bulb in A piece of paper and cracking it with the Pliers.
My bulb was loose so it came out by just pulling it gently .
Step 4: Clean That Sucker !
Using the round file , and the X-acto Knife , The result will be a clean inside bulb-less base , (and a small pile of a cement Residue , it is not toxic , but you shouldn't eat or lick it , is nasty!)
Step 5: Plan Your Array
Figure out how to form a Triangle-like figure (or square or pentagon...) using the LEDs
Then, draw the outline of the base using the Marker ,
And at Last but not at least cut the board trying to adopt the shape of the base as much as you can ,
When done , Dry fit the board and the LEDs
It is pretty Straight-forward , you may also use the pictures as reference
Step 6: Soldering Those LEDs !
I think this is self explanatory , be careful not to burn yourself
Solder all the leads to the board
(in case you Ask , i decided to solder each LED one by one)
Step 7: Anode With Anode
This step is also Fast
You need to join electrically the three positive leads , just bridge them with solder .
When done, dry fit the array in the bulb base
Step 8: Common Anode to Wire
This is when that little wire comes in , cut a small 2.5 cm (1Inch)piece of wire , strip it and tin it with solder , do this same process in the other side.
Now is time to cut off the Leads of the Common Anode .
When Done , solder one of the sides of this little wire to the common Anode(positive) of the Array.
Both Pictures have Photonotes , that can be used as reference
Step 9: Wiring the Ground
This is also an easy step
Clip the cathode leads , Then apply a little bit more of solder
Now , Strip about 1 and a half (1.5)inch of wire , twist it gently , and tin it ,
Proceed to wire all the ground together , making a kind of loop , when done ,
cut the excess wire .
Now is when the PSU comes in , Give the array a try , you know you want to !
Step 10: Wirin' It All
This step consists of soldering the Positive wire to the nipple of the base
Then clipping off the excess of wire.
The picture make this step pretty straight-forward
Step 11: Gluin' It Down
Using hot glue (and gun) fill the base with glue , than quickly putting down the
array taking care that the Ground loop touches the body of the base .
let it harden for 15 minutes , and give a final test , Congratulations
You have finished your new LED bulb
Step 12: Final Thoughts , a Note About Resistors and Things That Just Didn't Fit Into Another Step
As you can see this array is reliable , shockproof and it will not burn in a loooooong time ,
I just have a single test Picture since where i live is raining , but believe is as bright (or more!)
than the Original bulb .
Yes , i know that there are several more powerful LEDs in the market , but I was too lazy
to wait 2 weeks of shipping, so i went to my local surplus store and bought them , you may also
salvage the LEDs from a toy or a Chinese flashlight , or better , order them online .
About Resistors :
As most of you know LEDs must have a Current limiting resistor to prevent burning
MATH time , yay!:
5.9 volts of the dynamo minus 3.3 of the LEDs is 2.6
2.6V divided by 0.075A = about 35 ohms (thanks PKM!),the neares safe value is 33
So I just soldered a 1/2 watt 33 ohm resistor in series to the array , I haven't suffered any
disgrace so i think is pretty much OK ,
Resistor color code is orange orange black gold
Anything you need : if you have questions , suggestions , mods feel free to put a comment
or PM me
Thanks , Lots of thanks , for watching ,analising ,doing ,modifying commenting and whatever-ing you
do with this Instructable . Perhaps destroying it ?
If you liked it , please rate or better vote for me in the Let it Glow! contest
Thanks a lot
see you next time
Finalist in the
Let It Glow!