TV Volume Loudness Guard Using Arduino





Introduction: TV Volume Loudness Guard Using Arduino

About: Did I unplug the solder iron?

What can be more annoying than those TV commercials on steroid?  Here you are watching your favorite TV show when all of a sudden you are ambushed by a very loud TV commercial sending you scrambling for the remote control to turn down the volume.  

In some countries it's now illegal for broadcasters to blast the volume during commercials. But in many others, this TV audio terror is still legal.  I hope my TV Volume Loudness Guard will mitigate some of this ad-driven rudeness. 

The TV Volume Loudness Guard will listen to your TV and if the volume goes higher than a certain level, it will bring it lower. 

There are many uses for this gadget such as keeping the TV volume down when you are in a different room while the kids are watching their favorite music channels. Or when someone blasts the stereo system. The TV Loudness Guard will be ready to keep a lid on it. The TV Loudness Guard should be part of every Big Brother's bag of tricks :)


Place the Arduino TV Volume Loudness Guard close to the TV set to monitor the volume. When the volume loudness of your TV exceeds a certain threshold (set by you in the program or via a trimpot), the gadget sends a Volume Down remote control code to your TV--or any other remote controlled gadget for that matter--until the TV volume falls below the pre-set level. This level can be changed in the program you upload to Arduino or with a potentiometer built into the sound sensor I am using in this project. 


There are three steps to make use of the TV Volume Loudness Guard:
  1. Capture & decode your remote control Volume Down button (or any other remote function). This feature is included in my gadget. 
  2. Update the TV Loudness Guard program with the remote control button code captured from step 1 and upload the program to your Arduino.
  3. Power the TV Loudness Guard and place it next to your TV. Fine-tune the parameters of the Arduino program and the sound sensor's potentiometer until you get the desired results. 


  • GOduino III or Arduino Uno. You should be able to get this project to work with most Arduinos with some tweaking. 
  • Sound Sensor ($4 from ebay). I used Seeed's sound sensor
  • IR 940nm LED Transmitter .($0.10 from ebay)
  • IR Receiver 38Khz 3-pin not the 2-pin LEDs. ($1 from ebay) I got mine from Tayda2009
  • 1K Ohms resistor.
  • Breadboard.
  • Jumper wires.
  • Power:  you can use USB power or any battery that can source  7V to 12V and over 500mA.



  • GND pin ---> Arduino GND pin
  • VCC pin ---> Arduino 5V pin
  • SIG pin ---> Arduino A0 pin

  • Cathode ---> Arduino GND
  • Anode ---> 1K Ohms ---> Arduino pin 3 (PWM)
NOTE: I forgot to add the 1K ohms resistor to my prototype but it's wise to include it. 

  • Right Pin --->  Arduino 5V pin
  • Middle Pin ---> Arduino GND pin
  • Left Pin ---> Arduino 11 pin (PWM)


There are many remote control protocols out there supported by leading vendors such as Sony, NEC, Panasonic, etc.   If your TV is not one of those brand named, chances are its remote control adheres to one of the popular remote control protocols supported by the leading vendors.

Since our gadget needs to simulate sending a Volume Down remote control command whenever the TV volume is too high, we need to figure out what's the code for any particular TV remote.  This is done easily using the example program provided by the IRremote library.
  • With the TV Loudness Guard gadget fully wired, connect your Arduino to your PC.
  • From the Arduino IDE, load the example file IRrecvDump which can be found under menu File/Examples/IRremote
  • Open the Arduino IDE serial monitor.
  • Point your remote control at the IR LED receiver (3 pin) and press the Volume Down button. You will see numbers being displayed on the Serial Monitor.
  • Record the short number generated when you pressed your remote button. In my case, the volume down button was 1CE3E817 and the bit count (e.g. 32 bit) which I  will see in my Arduino program. You need to replace my remote code with your captured remote control code for your Volume Down button. 


At the top of the Arduino program below there is a number of lines starting with #define LABEL NUMBER This is to make it easier to control how the program behaves.  The LABEL is the thing you want to control in the program behavior and the NUMBER is the value of the thing you want to control. Here's an explanation of the relevant #define lines. 


#define REMOTE_CODE  Your remote code as returned by the IRrecvDump decoder utility prefixed with "0x"
#define REMOTE_BIT   Your remote code data size as returned by the IRrecvDump decoder utility.

This Arduino program works for most remote controls but you need to tell it about your remote control protocol from the info you gathered in the previous step when you decoded your remote control buttons using IRrecvDump utility.  It's possible to make the remote selection dynamic during run time so you don't have to change and upload code. I might do this in a later version of this gadget.


#define NOISE_LEVEL A number from 0 to 1024. Start with 500 then fine-tune the number.

This is the number that decides at what point the Arduino will start transmitting Volume Down codes

NOTE: The sound sensor I am using as a built-in potentiometer which also controls the sensor's sensitivity. 


#define REPEAT_TX (from 1 to as many as you want. Start with 3 then fine tune)

Change how many times you want  the remote code transmitted to the TV. If you want more drastic drop in TV volume increase this number. If you want a more gradual change in volume, lower this number.


It's very simple to program more functionality into this gadget. Some of the features that can be added:
  • Average audio level over a period of time to determine if increase in volume is persistent requiring volume control or momentary and should be ignored.
  • Read audio level after a period of time. If audio is too low, increase volume by a certain increment. 
  • Make program inclusive of supported remote protocols 
  • Add Panasonic & JVC support


Cut and paste the code below into your Arduino IDE


PROJECT: TV Volume Guard
AUTHOR: Hazim Bitar (techbitar)
DATE: FEB 9, 2013
CONTACT: techbitar at gmail dot com
LICENSE: My code is in the public domain.          
IRremote library: copyright by Ken Shirriff


#include <IRremote.h>

#define NOISE_LEVEL      350  // level of noise to detect from 0 to 1023
#define REPEAT_TX         3 // how many times to transmit the IR remote code
#define REMOTE_CODE     0x1CE3E817  // remote code to transmit. This is for my TV. Replace with yours. 
#define REMOTE_BIT   32

#define SOUND_SENSOR_PIN     A0 // sound sensor connected to this analog pin
#define LED        13      // LED used to blink when volume too high

IRsend irsend; // instantiate IR object

void setup()
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);

void loop()
  int soundLevel = analogRead(SOUND_SENSOR_PIN); // read the sound sensor
  if(soundLevel > NOISE_LEVEL) // compare to noise level threshold you decide
    digitalWrite(LED,HIGH);  // LED on
    for (int txCount = 0; txCount < REPEAT_TX; txCount++) { // how many times to transmit the IR remote  code
      irsend.sendNEC(REMOTE_CODE , REMOTE_BIT); // Change to match your remote protocol

      // Uncomment the function that matches your remote control protocol as shown by IRrecvDump
      // irsend.sendNEC(REMOTE_CODE, REMOTE_BIT);
      // irsend.sendSony(REMOTE_CODE, REMOTE_BIT);
      // irsend.sendRC5(REMOTE_CODE, REMOTE_BIT);
      // irsend.sendRC6(REMOTE_CODE, REMOTE_BIT);

  digitalWrite(LED,LOW); // LED off




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29 Discussions

I have done it also and just want to thank you for your effort. It's working but needs some tuning.


When I experience annoying loud television advertisements, I send an email to the advertiser that I am boycotting their products. If enough people do the same, the practice will stop.

1 reply

OK - I am reading my cable box remote volume down codes, but each sample is completely different from the prior (see below for my serial window output after pushing the down volume 5 times). Is there some kind of pseudo-random code sequence? Also, when you say to "Record the short number generated when you pressed your remote button." Do you mean the row of numbers with the fewest numbers? Because when I press volume down on my remote, I get only one group of 3 rows of numbers.

Your help would be appreciated, as I wish to get this working.


Unknown encoding: 944C8D98 (32 bits)

Raw (22): 300 -650 350 -1700 300 -650 350 -950 150 -1550 300 -1200 300 -1150 350 -1000 350 -1000 100 -1450 300


Unknown encoding: A974063A (32 bits)

Raw (18): 350 -600 350 -1700 300 -650 300 -2700 300 -1200 300 -1100 400 -1000 350 -2550 300


Unknown encoding: 1DD876BC (32 bits)

Raw (18): 300 -650 300 -1750 300 -650 300 -2700 300 -1200 250 -1250 300 -950 400 -2550 300


Unknown encoding: 8771921F (32 bits)

Raw (18): 300 -650 300 -1750 250 -700 300 -2650 350 -1150 300 -1000 450 -1150 300 -2550 250


Unknown encoding: D4185E7E (32 bits)

Raw (20): 300 -650 350 -950 150 -600 300 -650 300 -2700 300 -1200 300 -1200 250 -1050 350 -2550 300

1 reply

Just getting back to this, and had another idea on remote codes, since it seems as if Mediacom is scrambling their remote codes (see post above). I have switched to using my TV's own remote (not the Mediacom cable box's remote) to control volume.


2 years ago

Done it. Thanks

Very cool :) How hard would it be to have it keep the volume at a certain level turn the tv down for the commericials and then back up when the quieter show comes back on.

3 replies

I would love something like this too. It's not just commercials, but sometimes movies go from whisper quiet to explosion loud and I'd love a device that just kept the TV at a certain range, automatically raising the volume up and down as needed.

I'm doing this but I'm having trouble with the code. the IDE will not compile it, due to countless errors. anyone else have trouble, or understand the code in depth?

Hopefully you solved your compilation error problems by now, but I initially had some issues too, because of multiple IRremote.h files in my Arduino library search path. I removed the offending library and it now compiles OK.

This is too complicated for little ole me and I was wondering, are there any tv's that control the volume without extra equipment?


1 reply

Missy, See my reply to nancy.lowery above for two such models.

I wish I could just go buy something like this. My father-in-law lives with our family and he is hard of hearing so he puts the volume so loud I have headaches every day. He refuses to turn it down, he has already blown speakers on one of our TV's. I do not know how to control his behavior.

1 reply

There is at least one commercial product that I found while researching this topic. It is branded with either Terk or Audiovox. I found the Audiovox unit on ebay just now ( and the Terk at ( According to review online, the Terk is a better quality product. Neither of these requires programming or IR learning, etc. Just needs to be connected between the audio source (e.g., cable box) and the TV.
Good luck.


3 years ago

Great job.

What level of volume (Sound) should I set in my Sony LED TV and Tata Sky set top box? Maximum TV volume is 100 points and maximum set top box volume is 20 points. How much should I set both the volumes so that I get optimum audible sound?

you didn't include "IRromote.h" and while i have it, the code has presented some problems in my IDE, did you change it from the IR library online?

It seems i'm only one who can't make it work.

Noise level == 45

Blinking led on pin 13 tells that microphone is working.

But IR led on pin3 is not blink (it visible with any mobile camera). If i reconnect IR LED to pin13 - it blinks.
IF i connect any other LED to pin 3 ---> no blinking too
If i load those simple example that make onboard LED blinks and set the pin 3 - IR LED start blink.

What's wrong?

Arduino Mega 2560

1 reply

I had the same problem and found the solution in the source code of the IRremote library: on the ATmega2560 the IR diode must be connected to pin 9, see