Temperature Displayed on 4 Digit 7 Segment (common Anode)

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About: Author, Blogger, Electronics Enthusiast and Entrepreneur. For complete Electronics Projects and Tutorials go to: https://RandomNerdTutorials.com
In this project I’ll display the temperature in a 4 digit 7 segment display (common anode).
The sensor is the cheapest you can find so actually the temperature changes pretty easily which makes the display to show always different temperatures. But the idea is to apply this code to other projects with 7 segment displays that I might do later. if you want to learn a bit more of 7 segment displays you can read more at this post I've made.

This project is great to learn more about:
  • Reading sensors (in this case temperature)
  • 7 segment displays (4 digit 7 segment displays)
  • 8 bit Shift Registers (74HC595)
  • Pratice wiring
and for more project and tips you can also check my website:
http://randomnerdtutorials.com/
You can see this project working right now:

Step 1: Parts Required

  • 1x Arduino Uno
  • 1x Temperature Sensor (I’m using the LM335Z)
  • 1x 4 Digit 7 Segment Display (common anode)
  • 1x 74HC595 8 Bit Shift Register
  • 8x 220 Ohm Resistors
  • 1x 4700 ohm Resistor
  • 1x Breadboard (or  two)
  • Jumper Cables

Step 2: Schematics

I think it's a bit hard to follow the yellow connections with this schematic.
So i recommend that you take a look at the 74HC595 pins and to the internal circuit diagram of the 4 digit 7 segment display (common anode).
So how does the yellow connections were made?
Basically  the pin 11 connects to the QA, the pin 7 to the QB and so one…

Step 3: Upload the Code

You can find the code here: https://gist.github.com/ruisantos16/5419223

Step 4: Final Product

Check this video to see the circuit in action!
you can also visit my website for more electronic projects, interesting news and tips


T
hanks for reading!
And make sure you follow me so you can be notified when I release my new projects! 

2 People Made This Project!

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30 Discussions

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aclicteur

Tip 17 days ago

I adapted your code a little to work on a Rasperberry Pi using Python.

import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import time

dataPin = 17 # 74HC595 Pin 14 (SDI)
latchPin = 18 # 74HC595 Pin 12 (RCLK)
clockPin = 27 # 74HC595 Pin 11 (SRCLK)
digitPins = [22,23,24,25] # 4 common anode pins of the display
digit = [0xc0,0xf9,0xa4,0xb0,0x99,0x92,0x82,0xf8,0x80,0x90,0xff] # [0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, ]
digitBuffer = []
sampleFreq = 60 #time in seconds

def setup():
GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM) # Number GPIOs by its BCM location
GPIO.setup(dataPin, GPIO.OUT, initial=GPIO.LOW)
GPIO.setup(latchPin, GPIO.OUT, initial=GPIO.LOW)
GPIO.setup(clockPin, GPIO.OUT, initial=GPIO.LOW)
for i in range(len(digitPins)):
GPIO.setup(digitPins[i], GPIO.OUT, initial=GPIO.LOW)

# Shift the data to 74HC595
def hc595_shift(dat):
for bit in range(0, 8):
GPIO.output(dataPin, 0x80 & (dat << bit))
GPIO.output(clockPin, GPIO.HIGH)
GPIO.output(clockPin, GPIO.LOW)
GPIO.output(latchPin, GPIO.HIGH)
GPIO.output(latchPin, GPIO.LOW)

# writes the temperature on display
def updateDisp():
digitScan= 0
while True:
for j in range(len(digitPins)):
GPIO.output(digitPins[j], GPIO.LOW)
hc595_shift(0xff)
GPIO.output(digitPins[digitScan], GPIO.HIGH)
hc595_shift(digit[digitBuffer[digitScan]])
digitScan += 1
if digitScan > 3:
digitScan = 0

def main():
global digitBuffer
while True:
highTemp = tempC
strTemp = str(highTemp)
digitBuffer = []
for i in range(4-int(len(strTemp))):
digitBuffer += [10]
digitBuffer += [int(i) for i in strTemp]
updateDisp()
time.sleep(sampleFreq)

def destroy():
GPIO.cleanup()
if __name__ == '__main__':
setup()
try: main()
except KeyboardInterrupt:
destroy()
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PradeepS100

9 months ago

Thanks Rui for this awesome project. I managed to get it working to display distance measured in meters using a HC-SR04 sensor. As the display flickers due to sensor delay, it is not letting me stabilize the display completely, but using NewPing library for the sensor, I was able to reduce the flicker to a reasonable extent. I have used a common cathode 4-digit 7-segment display and the instructions in the comment by Raphango helped me in making it work. Keep up the good work sir!

1517390661591719269593.jpg
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CarliumYT

10 months ago

I tried to make, and it didn't work as expected.

The display says: 2.2.2.2 (or 8.8.8.8. some LEDs aren't lit up all the way.) I've checked everything, wiring and the code, and everything is correct exept the result.

any suggestions?

(I use LM 35)

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CarliumYT

10 months ago

It didn't work for me, I checked everything. The display says 2.2.2.2.( or actually 8.8.8.8. but some LEDs don't light 100% up)

any ideas to find out what's wrong?

I checked the wiring and coding.

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nodoubtman

2 years ago

just to clear things out :

segments pins pinout :

74hc595 -- 7 segments

15 = a

1 = b

2 = c

3 = d

4 = e

5 = f

6 = g

2 replies
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abuhafssnodoubtman

Reply 1 year ago

DP pin on the display to be connected to QH?

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Plongkienodoubtman

Reply 1 year ago

Hi, Im still a beginner at this but I find your comment a lot clearer than the schematic Im following, but Im still in the process of clearing things out, I hope you could help me where to connect the skyblue wires in the 7segment display.. Thank you so much!

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lenovog4

1 year ago

Hello,

first of all, great work! this was the first tutorials that actually worked for me.

i just have a small question: is it possible, to set the display let say "1234" in the setup and leave it like that, without refreshing in every loop? In my project I'm using a ultrasonic sensor parallel to the segment display and the delays cause some trouble(the segment display isn't refreshing fast enough).

mabye you have an idea to solve such a problem.

thanks in advance and keep up the good work ;)

1 reply
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TahaA29lenovog4

Reply 1 year ago

if you input any piece of code in the void setup(){} area of code it runs it on a single static system. This means it will only run it once, and the code won't refresh as setup() is not a loop system.

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SaifulK2

1 year ago

How can I do this same project but using the atmega328p on a breadboard and using a c programming language..any tutorial links will be greatly appreciate..ty..

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LloydP6

1 year ago

is it ok i will use lm 35 temperature sensor?

1 reply
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spock.legendLloydP6

Reply 1 year ago

The one used in this tutorial is a LM35 so you're good I think :P ( I'm pretty sure).

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spock.legend

1 year ago

and can anyone send me the schematics for the (common cathode) display ? please.

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spock.legend

1 year ago

will this work with mega 2560 ?

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Remembermyname

1 year ago

Excellent project! Is there anyway to get it to read negative temps. I'm trying to with the DS18B20 but cannot seem to get the code to work right. I removed the 100's place to just a 10's decimal like 20.2 instead of 20.22 to make the left most digit for minus sign. Also, is there a way to drop the leading zero on the left digit? It now comes up as 020.2 or 002.2 . Many thanks!

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sbud

2 years ago

Hi. Nice project. Im very beginner for arduino.
Could you post circuit diagram of your project?

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Raphango

5 years ago on Introduction

What if I'm using a common cathode 4 digit 7 segment? Does it changes the cirtuit/code very bad?

3 replies
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RuiSantosRaphango

Reply 5 years ago on Introduction

yeah it actually changes the code and the circuit a bit... but it's totally possible!
if you make a quick search you'll see the difference and what you have to change.

I hope this helps! thanks for commenting!

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RaphangoRuiSantos

Reply 5 years ago on Introduction

I have managed to do it! Take a look at my code:
/*
* created by Rui Santos, http://randomnerdtutorials.com
* ALTERED BY: Raphango
* Temperature Sensor Displayed on 4 Digit 7 segment common CATHODE
* 2013
*/
const int digitPins[4] = {7,6,5,4}; //4 common CATHODE pins of the display (inverted the pins order)
const int clockPin = 11;    //74HC595 Pin 11
const int latchPin = 12;    //74HC595 Pin 12
const int dataPin = 13;     //74HC595 Pin 14
const int tempPin = A0;     //temperature sensor pin
const byte digit[10] =      //seven segment digits in bits
{
  B00111111, //0
  B00000110, //1
  B01011011, //2
  B01001111, //3
  B01100110, //4
  B01101101, //5
  B01111101, //6
  B00000111, //7
  B01111111, //8
  B01101111  //9
};
int digitBuffer[4] = {0};
int digitScan = 0;
float tempC; //Deleted kelvin and farenheit

void setup(){               
  for(int i=0;i<4;i++)
  {
    pinMode(digitPins[i],OUTPUT);
  }
  pinMode(tempPin, INPUT);
  pinMode(latchPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(clockPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(dataPin, OUTPUT); 
  pinMode(tempPin, INPUT);
  //Serial.begin(9600);
}

//writes the temperature on display
void updateDisp(){
  
  for(byte j=0; j<4; j++) {digitalWrite(digitPins[j], HIGH);} // Turns the display off. Changed to HIGH
  digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW); 
  shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, B00000000);
  digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);

  delayMicroseconds(2);

  digitalWrite(digitPins[digitScan], LOW); //Changed to LOW for turning the leds on.

  digitalWrite(latchPin, LOW); 
  if(digitScan==2)
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, (digit[digitBuffer[digitScan]] | B10000000)); //print the decimal point on the 3rd digit
  else
    shiftOut(dataPin, clockPin, MSBFIRST, digit[digitBuffer[digitScan]]);

  digitalWrite(latchPin, HIGH);

  digitScan++;
  if(digitScan>3) digitScan=0;
}


void loop(){
  tempC = analogRead(tempPin)*0.00488;  //multiplied for this conversion constant
  tempC = tempC*10000;
  digitBuffer[3] = int(tempC)/1000;
  digitBuffer[2] = (int(tempC)%1000)/100;
  digitBuffer[1] = (int(tempC)%100)/10;
  digitBuffer[0] = (int(tempC)%100)%10;
if (digitBuffer[0]>=5) {
digitBuffer[0] = 5;
}
else {
digitBuffer[0] = 0;
}
delay(4);
  updateDisp();
 
}


###########################
Here's a video too:
Do you have already discovered how to smooth the transitions of showed temperature? Its quite annoying to see that glittering all the time....
 
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JensS11Raphango

Reply 2 years ago

Good day, I cannot figure out how to get it to work with a common cathode. Can you help me with the alterations you did to the circuit to get it ot work with your code??