TripComputer - GPS Trip Computer & Weather Module for Your Vehicle

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About: 3D printing and design RaspberryPI projects for a few years now

Intro: TripComputer - GPS Trip Computer & Weather Module for Your Vehicle

A cool raspberry pi project that uses the GPS breakout module and 2 small Digole displays to have a navigation computer on your dash.

Step 1: ​Flashing RaspberriPi Hard Disk / Install Required Software (Using Ubuntu Linux)

Download "RASPBIAN JESSIE LITE VERSION" https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian/

Create your new hard disk for DashboardPI

Insert the microSD to your computer via USB adapter and create the disk image using the dd command

Locate your inserted microSD card via the df -h command, unmount it and create the disk image with the disk copy dd command

$ df -h /dev/sdb1 7.4G 32K 7.4G 1% /media/XXX/1234-5678

$ umount /dev/sdb1

Caution: be sure the command is completely accurate, you can damage other disks with this command

if=location of RASPBIAN JESSIE FULL VERSION image file of=location of your microSD card

$ sudo dd bs=4M if=/path/to/raspbian-jessie-lite.img of=/dev/sdb (note: in this case, it's /dev/sdb, /dev/sdb1 was an existing factory partition on the microSD)

Setting up your RaspberriPi

Insert your new microSD card to the raspberrypi and power it on with a monitor connected to the HDMI port

Login

user: pi pass: raspberry

Change your account password for security (from terminal)

sudo passwd pi

Enable RaspberriPi Advanced Options (from terminal)

sudo raspi-config

Choose: 1 Expand File System

9 Advanced Options

A2 Hostname change it to "TripComputer"

A4 SSH Enable SSH Server

A7 I2C Enable i2c interface

Enable the English/US Keyboard

sudo nano /etc/default/keyboard

Change the following line: XKBLAYOUT="us"

Reboot PI for Keyboard layout changes / file system resizing to take effect

$ sudo shutdown -r now

Auto-Connect to your WiFi

sudo nano /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf

Add the following lines to have your raspberrypi automatically connect to your home WiFi (if your wireless network is named "linksys" for example, in the following example)

network={ ssid="linksys" psk="WIRELESS PASSWORD HERE" } Reboot PI to connect to WiFi network

$ sudo shutdown -r now

Now that your PI is finally on the local network, you can login remotely to it via SSH. But first you need to get the IP address it currently has.

$ ifconfig Look for "inet addr: 192.168.XXX.XXX" in the following command's output for your PI's IP Address

Go to another machine and login to your raspberrypi via ssh

$ ssh pi@192.168.XXX.XXX

Start Installing required packages

$ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential git gpsd gpsd-clients i2c-tools libi2c-dev python3 python3-pip python-dev python-gps python-imaging python-pip python-smbus rpi.gpio vim python-psutil

$ sudo pip install RPi.GPIO

Update local timezone settings

$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

select your timezone using the interface

Setup the simple directory l command [optional]

vi ~/.bashrc

add the following line:

alias l='ls -lh'

source ~/.bashrc

Fix VIM default syntax highlighting [optional]

sudo vi /etc/vim/vimrc

uncomment the following line:

syntax on

Step 2: ​Supplied Needed

2" 320x240 TFT LCD Digole Display (x2)

DHT11 Humidistat

RaspberriPi Zero

Adafruit GPS Breakout

52mm 2in Gauges - used for the glass / and screen surrounds

2 Gauge mount container

Step 3: Print the Enclosure

In the "3DPrint/" folder of this project, print the gauges-final.stl file which will produce the Digole display surrounds needed to mount the 2 screens inside the gauge mount container.

Step 4: Building the Trip Computer

Connect the following Devices the pins on the Pi Zero

Digole (each): 3v / GND / SDA / SCL

DHT11: 5v / GPIO 16 (36) / GND

Connect the GPS USB Module to RaspberriPi via HW UART connections Using HW UART for the GPS module requires the following to free the UART connection up on your Pi.

"Cross"-Connect the TX and RX pins from the GPS module to the RPi TX (GPIO 14/8 pin) and RX (GPIO 15/10 pin) -- [TX goes to RX on the device and vice versa.] Connect RPi 5V to the VIN pin and the GPS module GND pin to an available RPi GND pin.

Step 5: Final Assembly

Cut a piece of wood for the bottom to hold the compenents inside the gauge casing.

Take the 2 52mm 2in Gauges and cut the tops off, we're just using the glass and surround to mount our own displays, the Digole displays. Glue them into place with hot glue.

Step 6: Final Assembly (cont...)

Using the schematic above wire together the components using solder to make everything strong and permanent.

Mount the components inside the dual gauge casing, use the 3D printed surrounds to have the square shaped Digole displays fit to the circular gauge windows.

Step 7: Software Configuration / Installation

Configure your Pi to use the GPS Module on UART

sudo vi /boot/cmdline.txt

change:

dwc_otg.lpm_enable=0 console=ttyAMA0,115200 kgdboc=ttyAMA0,115200 console=tty1 root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootfstype=ext4 elevator=deadline rootwait

to:

dwc_otg.lpm_enable=0 console=tty1 root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootfstype=ext4 elevator=deadline rootwait

(eg, remove console=ttyAMA0,115200 and if there, kgdboc=ttyAMA0,115200)

Note you might see console=serial0,115200 or console=ttyS0,115200 and should remove those parts of the line if present.

Run the following commands:

sudo systemctl stop serial-getty@ttyAMA0.service

sudo systemctl disable serial-getty@ttyAMA0.service

GPS Module Install For testing force your USB device to connect to gpsd

sudo gpsd /dev/ttyS0 -F /var/run/gpsd.sock

sudo systemctl stop gpsd.socket

sudo killall gpsd

sudo dpkg-reconfigure gpsd

sudo vi /etc/default/gpsd

# Default settings for gpsd. START_DAEMON="true" GPSD_OPTIONS="-n" DEVICES="/dev/ttyS0" USBAUTO="false" GPSD_SOCKET="/var/run/gpsd.sock"

Make sure the command is working

cgps -s

DHT11 Install

cd ~

git clone https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_Python_DHT.g...

cd Adafruit_Python_DHT/

sudo python setup.py install

sudo python ez_setup.py

cd examples/

vi simpletest.py

Change the following line:

sensor = Adafruit_DHT.DHT11

Comment the line out

pin = 'P8_11'

Uncomment the line and change the pin number to 16

pin = 16

Run the test

python simpletest.py

You should see a metric reading of Temp and Humidity displayed on the command line.

Setup and Run the scripts cd ~

git clone https://github.com/khinds10/TripComputer.git

Step 8: Install Driving Monitoring Tools & DB Logging

sudo apt-get install ifstat memcached python-memcache postgresql postgresql-contrib python-psycopg2

sudo vi /etc/postgresql/9.4/main/pg_hba.conf

Add the following line to the end of the file:

local all pi password

sudo -i -u postgres

psql

create role pi password 'password here';

alter role pi login;

alter role pi superuser;

\du

(you should see your PI user with the permissions granted)

create database driving_statistics;

\q

exit

psql -d driving_statistics

Run the following queries:

CREATE TABLE driving_stats ( id serial, time timestamp without time zone NOT NULL, new_trip_start timestamp without time zone NULL, gps_latitude double precision , gps_longitude double precision, gps_altitude real, gps_speed real, gps_climb real, gps_track real, locale_address text, locale_area text, locale_city text, locale_county text, locale_country text, locale_zipcode text, inside_temp real, inside_hmidty real, weather_time timestamp, weather_summary text, weather_icon text, weather_apparentTemperature real, weather_humidity real, weather_precipIntensity real, weather_precipProbability real, weather_windSpeed real );

CREATE UNIQUE INDEX time_idx ON driving_stats (time);

Hack required to get GPSD working with UART connection on reboot sudo su

crontab -e

@reboot /bin/sleep 5; killall gpsd

@reboot /bin/sleep 10; /usr/sbin/gpsd /dev/ttyS0 -F /var/run/gpsd.sock

Create the logs folder for the data to be saved mkdir /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/logs

Step 9: Startup Crontab Scripts - Pi & Root

Setup the scripts to run at boot

crontab -e

Add the following lines

@reboot /bin/sleep 15; nohup python /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/mtk3339.py > /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/mtk3339.log 2>&1

@reboot /bin/sleep 18; nohup python /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/driving.py > /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/driving.log 2>&1

@reboot /bin/sleep 19; nohup python /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/address.py > /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/address.log 2>&1

@reboot /bin/sleep 30; nohup python /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/gauges.py > /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/gauges.log 2>&1

@reboot /bin/sleep 21; nohup python /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/locale.py > /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/locale.log 2>&1

@reboot /bin/sleep 22; nohup python /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/notification.py > /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/notification.log 2>&1

@reboot /bin/sleep 24; nohup python /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/temperature.py > /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/temperature.log 2>&1

@reboot /bin/sleep 25; nohup python /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/upload.py > /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/upload.log 2>&1

@reboot /bin/sleep 26; nohup python /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/weather.py > /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/weather.log 2>&1

@reboot /bin/sleep 30; nohup python /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/stats.py > /home/pi/TripComputer/computer/stats.log 2>&1

Setup the root user crontab to make sure the GPS module connects correctly

sudo su

crontab -e

Add the following lines

@reboot /bin/sleep 5; systemctl stop gpsd.socket

@reboot /bin/sleep 8; killall gpsd

@reboot /bin/sleep 12; /usr/sbin/gpsd /dev/ttyS0 -F /var/run/gpsd.sock

Step 10: Configure to Connect to Weather and Dashboard (optional)

Finally create the local settings needed to run the trip computer

Find the file /computer/includes/settings.shadow.py

Create your own version of the settings file named simply settings.py

forecast.io API key for local weather information
weatherAPIURL = 'https://api.forecast.io/forecast/'

weatherAPIKey = 'API KEY HERE'

if you have the device hub project running (https://github.com/khinds10/DeviceHub)
devicesServer = 'http://my.server.com'

if you have the dashboard phone project running (https://github.com/khinds10/RetroDashboard)
dashboardServer = 'http://my.server.com'

Step 11: Mount on Dash / Mount Humidistat and Finished!

Mount on Dash

Mount Humidistat away from direct Sun

Reboot your RPi and you should be ready to go!

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