Use Your Laptop As Oscilloscope

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Introduction: Use Your Laptop As Oscilloscope

Oscilloscope is an electronic test instrument that allows projection of voltage signals to be displayed and learned. A specific circuit in the oscilloscope creates repeated moving signals from left to right. This repetition creates non-repeating waveforms that can be learned.

Oscilloscopes are commonly used to observe the exact wave shape of an electrical signal. In addition to signal amplitude, oscilloscopes can show time distortion between two events (such as pulse width, period, or rise time) and relative timing of two related signals

Below is a picture of common Oscilloscope.

Today, Oscilloscope uses LCD color display, displaying better graphics

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Step 1: Make Your Own Oscilloscope Using Your Laptop Computer


Once I need an oscilloscope to see the electrical voltage ripple in the car. Ignition systems, alternator rotation, high-beam lights flicker, and others are generally emit noise or voltage ripples, Well, this is what I want to know, size of the noises, etc.

Oscilloscopes are very expensive tools, and generally are only used in electronics / electrical laboratory.
Finally, I found an application that could use laptop computer / PC as Oscilloscope by adding some components as interface.
Those components are simple and quite cheap!

The necessary components:
• Two 22K ohm Resistors
• Two 82K ohm Resistors
• One 50K Linear Potentiometer + Tuning Knob
• One meter Shield Stereo cable
• One 3.5mm Stereo Jack
• Tester Terminal

Step 2: Electronic Scheme

Remarks:
• The 22K Resistor serves as voltage safety limit into laptop soundcard.
• The Potentiometer serves as input voltage resistor. If the voltage is above 5volt, adjust the potentiometer necessarily to prevent the soundcard from being damaged by excessive voltage input.
• Use shield audio cable to prevent induction around the cable.

Step 3: The Probes

Attach the probes

Step 4: Testing

The unit is ready,

Plug the Stereo Jack into LINE-IN/MIC


Get OSCILOSCOPE APPLICATION
The application is ZELSCOPE, free download at www.zelscope.com .
This application is 14-day Trial, could be purchased at a price of not more than (US $9.95).

The Oscilloscope is ready for use!!
Below are several voltage signal tests, among others signals from mobile phone charger, laptop charger, battery, etc.
Sample of close-to-perfection voltage signal without noise.


NOTES:
1. This Oscilloscope could be used for a maximum input voltage of 5Volt.
2. This Oscilloscope has a frequency range of: 20Hz to 20 kHz (complying with the Soundcard capability).
3. The value of 22K Resistor could be increased up to 820K Ohm for the use of Oscilloscope with an input of above 5 volt.
4. The value of Potentiometer could be increased up to 100K Linear, for the use of Oscilloscope with an input of above 5 volt.
5. For safety of your Laptop, you can use cheap USB SoundCard (under $5).



Good luck.

Saftari

Translated by Taufik Masjhur
This post was originally published on saft7.com in Bahasa Indonesia language.


4 People Made This Project!

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63 Discussions

0
DomingoQuiñonesF
DomingoQuiñonesF

Question 10 months ago on Introduction

How large should be the value of pot and 22k resistors, to view the sine wave of E.U and U.S. countries household power AC 220V and 110V on the laptop without damaging the sound card?

0
ScottC281
ScottC281

11 months ago on Introduction

I believe ZELSCOPE can not be used for DC sources so writes website. AC only.

0
wdnagel512
wdnagel512

Question 1 year ago on Step 1

what watt do you use for the resisters and100k potentiometer for using your laptop as a oscilliscope?

0
Leo_h0
Leo_h0

Question 1 year ago on Introduction

Hi, How do I need to change the circuit to be able to measure a DCC signal (used for digital model trains)? It has a much higher voltage than 5V. Thank you.

0
TravisC85
TravisC85

Answer 1 year ago

What voltage is it?

You will need a voltage divider to bring the voltage down to the acceptable voltage of 5V. The formula for calculating this is Vout=Vin * R2/(R1+R2)

0
PefeckC1
PefeckC1

Question 1 year ago

i need help. a circuit without micro controllers to get audio from a midi out of a musical keyboard

0
RonGarza
RonGarza

Answer 1 year ago

PefeckC1, to convert midi to audio you ARE going to need some kind of processor. The MIDI command just says Start or Stop, this note, and at this volume. Have you tried Cantabile software? It is free. I use it and went past free by paying for it.

0
transistorkiller
transistorkiller

1 year ago

hallo an unbekannt, eine sehr gute idee mit dem scop für pc und laptop , werde es mal testen und berichten , werde versuchen ein selbstbau ekg über das scop wiederzugeben .
danke euch allen transistorkiller

0
ArunK187
ArunK187

Question 1 year ago on Introduction

I am looking for a circuit idea that can pick up the sound/music from the microphone/headphone outlet and can store the frequencies on a SD card , frequency can be sampled at every 10 to 20 milisec, I wonder if your present project idea can be useful ?

0
MrPooperton
MrPooperton

Question 2 years ago on Introduction

would this design be able to read around 1.5hz or would it need to be modified?

0
DonnH1
DonnH1

2 years ago

Nice to see someone added blocking diodes to protect the circuit and also protect the PC. I had a friend, retired nuclear physicist, a really knowledgeable guy. For some reason he used a couple of very expensive, very elaborate, oscilloscopes (one after the other) to see a trace of an auto ignition system and ruined the front end of both. Be careful and you can do a lot with this little circuit.

0
Sai Systems
Sai Systems

Reply 2 years ago

Please give me scatch and detail of diods... i want use it for safety

0
codebeat
codebeat

2 years ago

I really like this. Good tool to get familiar with scopes. I want to use a defective cheap multimeter to house a cheap sound card (to test and avoid damage and it is USB) and all the components you mention here. The selection knob can be the fine-tuning knob and you can use the standard available probe connections. You can also remove the faceplate (because it is a sticker) and print your own faceplate for it. Sounds pretty cool right? I will post it here when my approach is successful. Thanks for sharing this.

0
AlaK5
AlaK5

2 years ago

can i use this circuit for a smartphone .. i know that there is another methode for phones but i like this one .. does this work for pc and smartphone ?

0
taras_masnyj
taras_masnyj

3 years ago

Another software Oscilloscope

There are several versions of this free software oscilloscope program. Google it. It can also use the PC microphone input as a signal source.

http://visual-analyser.software.informer.com/10.0/

ScreenHunter_110 Mar. 23 15.58.jpg
0
rrozzers
rrozzers

3 years ago

ps. I did use a pair of zeners between the rails.

0
BryanS83
BryanS83

3 years ago

You say in the Instructable: "

The application is ZELSCOPE, free download at www.zelscope.com .
This application is 14-day Trial, could be purchased at a price of not more than (US $9.95)." But , in the comments you said, "

The software you can use is:
http://www.zeitnitz.de/Christian/scope_en ." This one (Soundcard Oscilloscope) you use in the "PC SOUND-CARD SCOPE INTERFACE FACILITATES DC RESTORATION" Instructable. Can the Soundcard Oscilloscope be used for BOTH projects? Also, I want to measure the frequencies of a Tesla Coil and other HV/HF devices. Can I use, for example, a transformer and current-limiting resistors between the Tesla Coil and the O-scope leads to protect my computer?

Thanks.

0
ali_12
ali_12

3 years ago

Hi,
I need oscilloscope to show output wave 220 volt Ac.what should i do?
Thank you

0
aagrafi
aagrafi

3 years ago

Hi, I want to use my laptop as both oscilloscope and signal generator. In such case, how can I separate the signal of the signal generator (output), from the signals to the oscilloscope (input)? Do you have any circuit diagram that does this?