Uses of Different Soldering Iron Tips

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Intro: Uses of Different Soldering Iron Tips

I recently got a collection of soldering iron tips and realized that many people (including myself) might not know what the different tips are used for. After all, for a long time I was under the impression that there was only about three different types of soldering tips and only one useful type of tip.

While I still only use two different types of tips (an improvement), I am much more familiar and confident in using whatever soldering iron tip I may happen to find on the iron. Please know that is far from a comprehensive list of all the different types of soldering tips available, but rather a small handful that I am personally prone to use.

If you are not familiar with soldering, I recommend checking out noahw's instructable on How to Solder.

Step 1: Tips That I Am Using

For those of you that want to know, I am using a 10 piece set from The DIY Outlet. This particular set features 5 different categories of 900M soldering iron tips. It has:

  • three 900M-T-C series tips
  • four 900M-T-D series tips
  • one 900M-T-B series tip
  • one 900M-T-I series tip
  • one 900M-T-K series tip

Don't worry if none of this means anything to you; we'll go over each of them individually.

Step 2: B Series Tips

This is the tip that many people new to soldering would likely imagine to be the only kind of soldering iron tip, because, well, it looks like a soldering iron tip as opposed to being ground down on one side.

Due to its round shape so that soldering can be done from any angle, you can use this particular tip in a large amount of soldering applications from point soldering to drag soldering. Because of this, B series tips are widely used for general purpose soldering, but tend to be put aside when a specific soldering job needs to be done.

Step 3: D Series Tips

These tips, which have a kind of chisel look to them and are my personal favorite, are also widely used in general purpose soldering much like the round B series tips. The difference is that these tips offer a much larger surface area on the face and tip of the chisel than the B series tips.

The reason you would want a larger surface area is so that more heat is able to be transferred from the soldering iron to the electrical component and/or solder. With more heat transfer, solder will flow more readily, arguably making the D series tips easier than B series for quick solder applications.

The four tips shown in the picture are different sizes (just in case you weren't sure). This is so you can pick the appropriate sized tip since larger is not always better, even though you would have more heat transfer with larger tips. The reason for this is because if your tip is too big, you may end up having solder flow from the one point you were trying to work on to it's friend next to it creating a solder bridge, which can be a real bummer.

Step 4: C Series Tips

Despite looking like they were accidentally ground down on one side, these C series tips are rather useful, especially in drag soldering. The slightly curved face is ideal for spreading out solder over the tip and then evenly applying small amounts of the solder over multiple components in close proximity (such as the pins on a surface mount component).

These C series tips are different than the "hoof tips" (CM series), which have a concave impression in their surface to either distribute or collect excess solder.

If you want to learn how to drag solder the small surface mount components, check out my upcoming Instructable on drag soldering.

Step 5: I Series Tips

As you have likely guessed, the I series tips are for needle-point work. However, the draw-back with being able to do detailed work is that because the tip is so small (and thus less surface area) than the B series tip, it is not able to transfer a lot of heat, making it difficult to solder (relatively) larger components.

Step 6: K Series Tips

This particular type of soldering iron tip is useful in a wide variety of applications. The slanted knife edge (K for knife) allows for point soldering, drag soldering and fixing solder bridges. However, because it is wide, it can become slightly unwieldy to do point soldering in confined areas although not impossible.

Step 7: Final Thoughts

As I mentioned earlier, there are many more types of soldering iron tips out there that I did not cover which have their own strengths and weaknesses. However, I have hopefully made it clear that there are a variety of tips that can be used to do a myriad of soldering jobs.

Sure, it seems that you could pick one tip and use it for everything; and that's completely true. But at the same time, it might be easier to use a different tip that is better suited for the job, but in the end that's up to you.

Check out the Digilent Blog for other things that I and the rest of Digilent team are up to!

If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to post them below and I will get back to you as soon as I can.

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    105 Discussions

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    JustinR166

    Question 4 months ago

    So D looks like the most useful and popular but what size D. without holding them in my hand it is very hard to tell what would be good for general thru hole soldering. I have bought three tips so far and they looked like what I wanted but as soon as I saw them I relised they would not be very useful all rounders. So what are people favorite day to day tip?

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    thomasbarrows

    Question 8 months ago on Step 1

    why do some tips look to be made of steel, copper or brass?

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    MordimerM

    2 years ago

    So I got t12-ILS which as you pointed cant be used for larger elements. Can you suggest a replacement? B or D series? I was thinking about T12-B2Z ?

    2 replies
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    JColvin91MordimerM

    Reply 2 years ago

    Hi MordiemerM,

    I would personally go with the B series (presuming it's not a huge element you're working with) since you can still use the B series size for some (not all) precision work as well as the larger components without taking too long or burning anything out. They're pretty versatile in that way.

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    MordimerMJColvin91

    Reply 2 years ago

    I went with D12 and for small work I can use my ILS tip :)

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    LouisR37

    2 years ago

    Thanks for a very useful and informative piece.

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    emilzacharia

    2 years ago

    Good one. I came to know the different types of bits & their uses. Thanks.

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    MooMeat42

    4 years ago

    My dad gave me a soldering iron with a blackened pointed tip bent to at 40° that cannot melt solder. Is that tip usually used to increase frustration over time?

    9 replies
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    SquidymanMooMeat42

    Reply 4 years ago on Introduction

    Two solutions.

    You can either buy a new tip, but given the condition of it I would rather you get a new one. Soldering irons can be cheap $5 up to nice up to $120.

    Second temporary option would be to use sandpaper or some other abrasive material to sand off the tip to make it shiny again. It works, just every time you want to use it you will have to sand down the corrosion again.

    A note about sanding it down. If you buy a new iron, don't sand it until it gets bad. Instead use light grade steel wool to polish the tip. Tips have a special metal coating that prevents corrosion and you don't want to remove it unless you have too.

    Hope it helps :D

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    M.S4Squidyman

    Reply 2 years ago

    i m using Soldering iron for nearly 1 year and that cost me less than $2

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    bzurnMooMeat42

    Reply 3 years ago

    Weller makes a tip cleaner that comes in a small tin the size of a quarter. You can find it on amazon. It works great and it's worth trying that before scraping the tip.

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    blightcpMooMeat42

    Reply 4 years ago on Introduction

    It is to reach around a part, in a professional electronic station you may have 30 + tips and 3 -4 different iron based on the situation. Use plumbers flux on the hot tip to try to get them clean.

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    DDW_ORblightcp

    Reply 4 years ago on Introduction

    be careful using plumbers flux on electronic parts. some plumbers flux or solder have acid.

    electronic flux or solder has no acid.

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    blightcpDDW_OR

    Reply 4 years ago on Introduction

    Most of the flux is still acidic, just not enough to harm components "much", when you are working on old parts. The purpose of flux is to clean oxidation of of the part, this requires some kind of acid.

    As a hardware verification engineer, I still see corrosion issues from no clean flux when it is not cleaned esp, when it is made in "cough cough(china)". The non-lead solder paste now used has almost no corrosion resistance.

    The "no clean flux" does not work well with repairs of old equipment. In the 90's I worked repairing a 50Kw aircraft radars from 1965 for 6 years in the Air Force, you are going to need the strong acid based flux to work on old equipment or anything left outdoors.

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    JColvin91MooMeat42

    Reply 4 years ago on Introduction

    Blackened tips are definitely frustrating. What has most likely happened is that the soldering iron was turned on for too long so that the tip got oxidized and turned black so it no longer has good heat transfer.

    You can generally fix this by cleaning off the tip with a brass mesh while the iron is hot. However, if it has been oxidized too much (as I have experienced when I first started soldering) you can scrape off the oxidized layer with a file, and then clean the tip with the brass mesh.

    The 40° angle (in case you're curious) is so that you can more easily reach some spots on a circuit that you could not otherwise. It's the same idea as using an angle wrench; it happens to be more useful then the standard wrench in certain applications.

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    If the tip is so badly oxidized you are considering using a file, the tip is ruined. You should never use an abrasive such as a file or sand paper on a soldering tip. This removes the thin, protective nickle coating and exposes the copper core. The soldering iron will then oxidize almost instantly when you heat it up, and you will be back to where you were before.

    The solution is to buy a new tip.

    I've actually done this. My tip was all crusty so I hit it with some brake parts cleaner and a wire brush. The tip got so clean it went back to copper. I still tried to use it, but it doesn't really work anymore. (I did this to avoid buying tips from online stores, as the local hardware store doesn't carry tips anymore.) Actually, it still works okay for wood burning, but not soldering.