So you went out and bought a kit of electrical sensors and modules for a good price called "37 Sensors" ( like this one here or others on Amazon), but can't find information on the modules to be able to use them? This series of Instructables will help you out with all of the modules in the 37 Sensors Kit. There are other kits that sell a different number of modules than 37, such as a 20 module kit, and a 45 module kit. These sensors/modules are also available from some online stores individually.
These kits are excellent for STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) experimentation and education.
The modules from the 37 Sensors Kit called "RGB LED" are a through-hole and surface mount RGB LED. This is an LED with three different LED colors included in one package.
(Images and information used with permission from 37sensors.com)
Step 1: RGB LED Module Description
LED containing red, green, and blue emitters, each controlled independently. Some modules have current limiting resistors, some do not.
Also called: full color LED, three color LED, tri-chromatic LED, KY021, KY016.
Found in kits: 37 sensors, 45 sensors (through-hole LED).
Found in kits: 20 sensors, 37 sensors, 45 sensors (SMT LED).
Step 2: RGB LED Module Specification
LED: Either TH or SMT 5050
Forward voltage drop red: 2.1V
Forward voltage drop green: 3.2V
Forward voltage drop blue: 3.2
Size: 20mm X 15mm
Some modules have current limiting resistors, some do not. The typical resistance value is 120 – 270 Ohms.
Pins are frequently labeled incorrectly. RGB, BGR, GRB, etc.
There are a number of different sources for these modules. Not every module that looks similar to the ones here behaves exactly the same. Check the specific module that you have for differences in function, voltage levels, pinout, and inactive/active states. Some modules have been found to have incorrectly labeled pins and even poorly soldered components.
Step 3: RGB LED Experiment Supplies
Just to see the basics of how this module works, this experiment shows how to interface it to a simple-to-understand microcontroller board, the Sensor.Engine:MICRO. There is no need for a complicated development system as the 32-bit micro that is part of this board has all of the smarts built in.
Code for other microcontroller platforms would likely be in a different language/syntax, but similar in form.
Here is the small list of components for this experiment:
RGB LED Module from 37 Sensors Kit. (This experiment's source: CircuitGizmos) Kits also available at Amazon and online in many places.
Jumper Wires, female to female "DuPont" style. (This experiment's source: CircuitGizmos) Jumpers of this type are also available online.
Microcontroller Board. (This experiment's source: CircuitGizmos)
A PC with a serial terminal application is used to communicate with the board via USB. One such free and useful program is Beagle Term.
With all of this, you can perform an experiment to test the RGB LED Module.
Step 4: RGB LED Module Experiment Hookup
Black wire – Common ground
SEM GND - Module Ground
Red wire – RedLED element
SEM P4 - Module R
Green wire – RedLED element
SEM P5 - Module G
Blue wire – RedLED element
SEM P6 - Module B
This particular through-hole LED module has a current limiting resistor so no external resistor needed
Step 5: RGB LED Module Experiment Code
With the PC connected to a powered microcontroller board, Beagle Term is the window into what is happening on that board. You can enter program code, see the printed results of that code, and even interact by typing information into a running program.
Typing EDIT at the ">" prompt will connect you to the built-in editor. It is in this editor that you will enter the program code. You can save the code that you type in with a Control-Qkeystroke. You can save and immediately run the code that is in the editor with Control-W.
Control keys for the program EDIT function. (Function keys don't work right in Beagle Term)
- Control-U - Move to line home
- Control-U Control-U - Move to start of the program
- Control-K - Move to the line end
- Control-K Control-K - Move to end of the program
- Control-P - Page up
- Control-L - Page down
- Control-] - Delete
- Control-N - Insert
- Control-Q - Save the code
- Control-W - Run the code
- Control-R - Find
- Control-G - Repeat find
- Control-T - Mark text
- Control-Y - Paste text
- ESC - Exit from editor abandoning changes.
Enter this experiment's code in the editor:
SETPIN 4, DOUT SETPIN 5, DOUT SETPIN 6, DOUT DO PAUSE 200 : PIN(4) = 1 : PAUSE 200 : PIN(4) = 0 PAUSE 200 : PIN(5) = 1 : PAUSE 200 : PIN(5) = 0 PAUSE 200 : PIN(6) = 1 : PAUSE 200 : PIN(6) = 0 LOOP
This test code sets pins 4, 5, and 6 to outputs and then sets each of those outputs high and low to turn the color element on and off.
r = 1 g = 1 b = 100 PWM 1, 1000, r, g, b PAUSE 5000 DO for r = 0 to 99 STEP 2 PWM 1, 1000, r, g, b PAUSE 10 NEXT r PAUSE 5000 for b = 100 to 1 STEP -2 PWM 1, 1000, r, g, b PAUSE 10 NEXT b PAUSE 5000 for g = 0 to 99 STEP 2 PWM 1, 1000, r, g, b PAUSE 10 NEXT g PAUSE 5000 for r = 100 to 1 STEP -2 PWM 1, 1000, r, g, b PAUSE 10 NEXT r PAUSE 5000 for b = 0 to 99 STEP 2 PWM 1, 1000, r, g, b PAUSE 10 NEXT b PAUSE 5000 for g = 100 to 1 STEP -2 PWM 1, 1000, r, g, b PAUSE 10 NEXT g PAUSE 5000 LOOP
This test code uses PWM to slowly increase/decrease the output of the R, G, and B channels in patterns. There are 5-second delays between the changes.
The PWM outputs can be run through a solid state relay (see relay page) or a FET to drive 5V or 12V RGB LED strips.
Step 6: RGB LED Module Summary/Feedback
If you have any additional information on the specifications or behavior of this type of module, please comment here and I'll include the relevant information. If you know of a module that is similar, but perhaps available singly or in a different kit of modules, please mention that.