Using a Clinometer to Measure Height

542,104

329

57

Introduction: Using a Clinometer to Measure Height

In this Instructable, I'll show you how to use a clinometer to measure the height of a tall object (for help constructing your own clinometer from basic classroom materials, click here).

What you will need;

Clinometer
Tape measure
Paper
Pen or pencil
Assistant

Teacher Notes

Teachers! Did you use this instructable in your classroom?
Add a Teacher Note to share how you incorporated it into your lesson.

Step 1: Pick a Spot

Pick a spot to measure your object (I measured a telephone pole).  You should be far enough away from your object that you can see the top of it, and you need to be on level ground with the base of the object.  I like to set something down by my feet once I've picked my spot, so that I can easily come back to it.

Step 2: Measure Angle

Here's where we bust out our handy clinometer.  Look through the straw of your clinometer at the top of the light pole (or whatever object you're measuring).  The weighted string should hang down freely, crossing the protractor portion of the clinometer.  Read the angle shown, and subtract from 90° to find your angle of vision from your eye to the top of the pole (it can be helpful here to have an assistant to read the measurement while you look through the straw).  Record your results on your paper.

From my spot, my clinometer (read by my assistant) showed 55°.  Subtracting from 90°, that indicated that I looked at an angle of 35° to the top of the telephone pole.

Step 3: Measure Distance

Once you have your angle of vision, use your tape measure to find the distance from the spot you're standing to the base of the object you're measuring (an assistant comes in handy here, too).  We must know how far away you are to accurately calculate the height.

My spot was 15.6meters from the base of the telephone pole I measured.

Step 4: Find Your Eye-height

The last piece of data you need to calculate the height of your object is the height from the ground to your eye (your eye-height).  Have your assistant help you measure this using your tape measure.

My eye height was recorded for this example as 1.64 meters.

Step 5: Draw a Picture

Time to move inside.  In calculating the height of the object you just measured, I find it helpful to begin by drawing a picture and labeling it with all of the information I have.

Step 6: Model As a Triangle

The next step is to simplify your drawing to model your system as a right triangle.  Label your triangle with the angle you read on your clinometer as well as the distance you were standing from the object (we don't need the eye-height just yet).

Step 7: Solve for X

We can find x in this triangle (which represents the portion of the height from eye-level up) by using some basic trigonometry, specifically the tangent ratio of the triangle:

tan(angle) = x / distance

Multiply by the distance on both sides and you get:

x = tan(angle) * distance

Use a calculator to multiply these together and get a decimal value (be sure your calculator is in 'degrees' mode, rather than 'radians'!).


In my example:

tan(35°) = x / 15.6

x = tan(35°) * 15.6

x = 10.92 meters





Step 8: Combine With Eye Height

To find the height of your object, bring this x value back to the original drawing.  By labeling it, we can see that the height of the object, h, is equal to the x value we just found plus the eye-height we measured earlier:

h = x + (eye-height)


In my example:

h = 10.92m + 1.64m
h = 12.56m


There you have it!  A few basic classroom materials and a little bit of trigonometry and you can measure the height of anything around you!

3 People Made This Project!

Recommendations

  • Trash to Treasure Contest

    Trash to Treasure Contest
  • Rope & String Speed Challenge

    Rope & String Speed Challenge
  • Wearables Contest

    Wearables Contest

57 Discussions

0
JAY Kummar
JAY Kummar

Question 19 hours ago on Step 8

hi this is JAY ,If we measure like this we can get approximate measurement or exactly measurement?

0
KuldeepM20
KuldeepM20

5 months ago on Step 7

mam how can we get 10.92 when we multipley 35 degrre to 15.6m mam it actual answer is 546

0
dmuldoonlla
dmuldoonlla

Reply 5 months ago

You don’t multiply 35 deg x 15.6m, you multiply tangent(35deg) x 15.6m, as shown.

0
AaronH196
AaronH196

Question 11 months ago on Step 8

What if another person tried to determine the height of the object and the person had a different height then the first person who tried to determine the height that means the height from the second person eyesight measurement to the ground will be different than the first persons measured so this means you will have 2 different angles of elevations and this will obviously give you 2 different answers if you solved it the same way, so does this mean it's accurate or not accurate if it is accurate how can find the actual height of the object with 2 different people with different heights?

0
dmuldoonlla
dmuldoonlla

Reply 11 months ago

Two people with different heights measuring from the same place will get different angle readings. When you plug those in to the Tangent, the difference in results will cancel out the difference in eye-height, giving both people the same total answer.

0
erenames16
erenames16

1 year ago

Thank u very much. I would have been lost and fail my math assignment.

0
britjohnson0100
britjohnson0100

2 years ago

I used my phone with a straw on top and the compass app (the apple compass has a level, which is nice)

0
britjohnson0100
britjohnson0100

Reply 2 years ago

another thing i noticed is that if you keep walking towards the object until the clinometer says 45 degrees, the distance between you and the object is exactly the height of the object (+ your eye height)

0
GangavarapuJ
GangavarapuJ

4 years ago

Thank you very much. With out this it is impossible to complete my math activity

0
AngeliM1
AngeliM1

4 years ago

THANK YOU SO MUCH

0
MANISH KUMART
MANISH KUMART

4 years ago

it was very helpful for my school project!

0
DemolisionWolf
DemolisionWolf

6 years ago

Great instructable. im glad to see this tool on the site.
People have been mentioning the BSA method, which is fine, but the accuracy compared to a protractor and tape measure will be much less. And if you don't need accuracy, why even use the stick, just eye-ball it. (My two cents)

0
brojer
brojer

6 years ago on Step 8

BSA handbook has an easier method that doesn't require an assistant or math or a protractor. Just cut a stick at eye level push stick into ground and lie down with feet against stick. When top of object is level with top of stick, mark where you eye is and measure to base of the tall object.

0
Kollaps
Kollaps

Reply 6 years ago on Step 8

Ok great, make an instructable.

There is a little mistake in your logic , formula
4. must be H=P(sin phi)
5. mus be X=P(cos phi )

try it with a value phi = 85 and you will see when you trace it on scale

0
w9vhe
w9vhe

6 years ago on Step 7

Shows how long it's been since I used any algebra on purpose, but how did you get the 35 degrees for the angle?

0
T_TX
T_TX

6 years ago on Step 7

I'm not seeing where you used the eye height in your calculations. Did I miss something?