WALTER (Arduino Contest)

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Introduction: WALTER (Arduino Contest)

Pls Vote me for Arduino Contest 2017

[Please excuse my English]

I really like the popular set-up of 2 servos arduino insects on youtube. When I looked at it, I always remember what BEAM robotic guys did long before that set-up became favorite. These people who are analog robot fanatics did better on the gait due to better angle between the two motors (microcore / bicore walker ,etc). However, in my opinion, none of those mentioned before look more alive than VBug1.5 (also known as Walkman) created by the founder of beam robotic, Mark Tilden. It’s using 5 motors, therefore it has more maneuverability. Making a simple BEAM robot is not difficult, but building something as complicated as VBug1.5 could be distressing for an electronic novice like me. So, when I decided to make something like Tilden’s bugs, I had to settled with arduino platform, the easiest choice for non-engineers (or in my case, embarrassingly, an engineer wannabe). As a result, I made Walter, a 4 legged arduino robot with 5 servos. You may wonder, if I wanted to make a look-alive bug robot then why I didn’t go with 8 or 12 servos instead. Well, I was thinking something simplest I can do to get most maneuverability I can have. I’m talking about using a lot of glue instead of making frames.

Like many other arduino robots, Walter can avoid obstacles using HC-SR04 ultrasonic sensors. To add character as a bug, Walter also a photovore, means he is attracted to light. Photodiodes are used to detect light. There are random values generated in the arduino sketch to make Walter decides when he wants to stop to rest, and also to randomly changes his gait speed (3 speeds).
When I started, I intended to have tact buttons under each of Walter’s feet so he would have a surface sensors. But the battery (a portable power bank for smartphone) costs the servos to much weight. I know tact buttons weigh almost nothing to worry to add weight, but ironically the weight of the robot is not enough to able to pressed the upside-downed buttons.

Step 1: Bill of Materials :

  • Controller: Arduino Pro Mini (5v, 16MHz)
  • Sensors: 3x HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensors
  • 4x Photodiodes (5mm)
  • 4x 100kΩ resistors
  • Actuators: 5x MG90S Metal Geared Micro Servos
  • Power: 5200 mAH portable power bank for smartphone (2 channel output, 1 A and 2.1 A)
  • Some wires and female header connectors
  • 2x USB A connectors
  • Toggle switch
  • Coat hanger or any thin metal rod you can bend to make legs
  • A lot of glue (hot glue gun, super glue, and plastic steel / epoxy glue)

Step 2: Circuit

Step 3: Assembly

Glues are essential for this project. I used 3 kind of glues; hot glue gun, super glue, and plastic steel / epoxy glue.At first I used white polymorph plastic, but then I switched using a lot of plastic steel epoxy. They're easier to use.Many of these photos taken before I switched to plastic steel. Notice the amount of glues used. I meant it when I wrote glues are essential before.The shaft is made from servo horn and spacer glued together.I found a convenient way to put header connectors on arduino pro mini without soldering them to proto board or any pcb. Yeah.. Glues baby! (Do I start to sound like a weird glue fetish guy?)I also used spacer as a stand to hold the arduino pro mini and ultrasonic sensors.2 USB connectors glued together with toggle switch. The USB's would then connect to 2 channels of power bank. Although the power bank has power button itself, the button can only turn the power bank on and start open the current, but it can't cut its current itself. Hence I added a toggle switch.Here You see the legs had redone with plastic steel epoxy.Here is an easy set up of my photodiode and resistor. No pcb, only wires and female headers needed. Sorry I missed taking picture details of the photodiodes glued to power bank.

Step 4: Arduino Code

I attached its code below.

Step 5: Vote Me

Well, that's all folks, I hope you'll join the fun building this creature.

Pls Vote me for Arduino Contest 2017

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    2 Discussions

    It can see on its sides for obstacle and avoid it....

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    Pib2

    8 months ago

    How does the robot sense edges? Does the ultrasonic sensor see if there's a corner? Cool robot! My instructable also uses ultrasonic sensors, but to detect cars!