Tapping a Straight Hole With the Aid of a Drill Press

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About: I am the co-director, co-founder and lead instructor for the Customs for Urban Teens Program (CUT Program). Started in 2009 we take at risk youth and teach them how to build custom cars. I am a journeyman ma...

Intro: Tapping a Straight Hole With the Aid of a Drill Press

This is a description of a simple operation that might make tapping holes a little easier! Ever wondered why your taps have a little chamfered hole in the top? Read on and learn

Step 1:

tools and supplies:
material that needs a tapped hole
drill press
center punch
hammer
center drill
tap drill ( sized to tap )
chamfer
live or dead center
tap
tap handle or wrench
tapping fluid
safety glasses

Step 2: Center Punch Hole Location and Center Drill

Using your center punch and hammer locate where the hole is to be tapped. Centet drill hole location ( sorry forgot pic ) I cannot stress enough the importance of a centet drill when hole location has to be accurate!!

Step 3: Drill Hole With Appropriate Drill Size

Now drill your hole with the drill you selected. There are charts available for this. There is also a formula for this as well.

Step 4: Chamfer Your Hole

Using your chamfer tool, chamfer the hole. I like to go slightly larger than the major diamter of the thread to be tapped. This gives a nicer lead into the thread with no burrs. It also looks better.....

Step 5: Line Up Tap

So at this point install your live/dead center in drill press. Install tap handle on tap. Line up your taper tap with drilled hole. Now the tricky part. Bring your live/dead center down on the little hole in the top of the tap. Now you should be lined up dead cenrer on your hole.

Step 6: Start to Tap

Ok now apply some cutting fluid. Apply pressure to drill press and rotate tap handle. If you dont have a tap handle any wrench will work with this method. For every rotation of 360°of cutting action rotate tap reverse 1/4 turn to break off chips. If this is not done broken taps may be in your future!!!
If you are tapping a blind hole start with a taper tap and once full thread engagement is achieved switch over to a bottoming tap.

Step 7: Finish Up.

Once you are finished tapping the hole clean out all the chips and cutting fluid. If done correctly you should have a nice straight tapped hole.
I use this method quite frequently when I have to tap very large holes. If everything is locked done to bench tapping a 3/4" npt hole is pretty easy.
Hope this helps make life a little easier
Enjoy

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    37 Discussions

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    p38arover

    2 years ago

    Many of my taps have a conical tip not a centre hole in the end. I took a piece of round bar stock and, using a centre drill in the lathe, drilled a shallow hole with taper into which the pointed end of the tap will sit and centre. I put that into the drill chuck instesd of the

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    TeleDex

    4 years ago on Introduction

    I also just put the tap directly in the chuck. On my el cheapo drill press, variable speed is achieved with a belt and two stepped pulley wheels. This allows me to just remove the belt and turn the shaft by hand (holding on to the chuck) when tapping. Consistent with my machinist skill and sophistication levels, I suppose I could grasp the tap shaft between the chuck and the tap threads with a needle-nosed Vice-Grip if necessary.

    1 reply
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    cutprogram1TeleDex

    Reply 4 years ago

    that is a great way as well. try leaving all belts in place and use your chuck key as leverage. this ible was meant for taps too large to fit into chuck.

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    Thanks for a great Instructable. After I have tapped the hole, what is a safe and easy way to remove the cutting oil from a thru hole? from a blind hole?

    5 replies
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    2 left thumbscutprogram1

    Reply 4 years ago

    That sounds good. Do I have to worry about loose chips flying about when I use air? Especially with a blind hole. I guess I could just put a rag over the hole and then blast away. Thanks.

    The machinists that taught me would tell you to float it out with oil, never compressed air. In fact if they caught you with an airline next to a machine they would ask you if you were a machinist or an auto mechanic. You would get the day with a hand file to think about your answer. Never, ever, use compressed air in a blind hole. You know two things going in - one, there are razor sharp pieces of metal in there and two, the only way out for the air is back the way it came in. The one time you forget to have on your safety glasses is the one time you get a trip to the doc. Even if you always have them on you are still talking about spattering oil and metal everywhere under pressure. Personally, on large holes I take a bit of soft copper wire and bend it into a U and then bend the tips out and then chase the threads down with the bent out tips. On smaller holes I use a spray bottle filled with oil (But didn't you just say...) yeah, but you are talking a few psi vs whatever your compressor is set at (90?), it is a world of difference.

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    cutprogram1seraphim_72

    Reply 4 years ago

    this is all true. there is a very good reason vintage machinist toolboxes have little mirrors in the lid.

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    Ganhaar

    4 years ago on Introduction

    Once it's lined up, a battery drill on low gear is excellent for speeding up tapping.

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    mrademeyer1

    4 years ago on Introduction

    great way to tap with drill press I do exact same but in the lathe have never tried the drill press for tapping holes thanks for some great advise. I use PS23 for tapping fluid and have never broken tap and it taps better than tap-matic in aliminuim

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    tuppence

    4 years ago on Introduction

    I have struggled with this problem on and off for years - A great solution, and clearly presented - Thanks for sharing your method.

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    Uitvindertje

    4 years ago on Step 7

    What a good idea. Thumbs upp for this one. !!!

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    cinpro

    4 years ago on Step 7

    you could do this on a lathe as well, good idea for doing it on a drill press!

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    anvil_man

    4 years ago on Introduction

    Nice instructions, may I make a safety comment.

    Please grind off that mushroom on your center punch.

    this is very dangerous, pieces can fly off and CUT you.

    RE: The center, You can get a spring loaded center that keeps pressure on your tap. also if you have not used a spiral tap (through holes only), give one a try.

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    geoffball

    4 years ago on Step 7

    An old machinist taught me to lay a mirror on the flat surface and keep the tap and reflection lined up and your tap is straight. Great if you surface won't fit into a press

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    Kevanf1

    4 years ago on Introduction

    I tend to just clamp my taps in the drill press chuck. I do not power the taps in rather I hand turn them. This way I can use any taps and just back off a turn every couple or so turns in to clear the swarf build up. I like your idea though, thank you. One small suggestion if I may? Before you do anything get a spirit level (builder's level) and check everything is to the same level, preferably true level. There can be differences in tolerance with drill presses and though it may look to be a nice 90 degree angle between bed of press and drill shaft there could be a significant outage.